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Programming language: JavaScript
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Latest version: v0.40.1

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README

Aedes

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Barebone MQTT server that can run on any stream server.

js-standard-style

Install

To install aedes, simply use npm:

npm install aedes --save

Example

var aedes = require('aedes')()
var server = require('net').createServer(aedes.handle)
var port = 1883

server.listen(port, function () {
  console.log('server listening on port', port)
})

TLS

var fs = require('fs')
var aedes = require('aedes')()

var options = {
  key: fs.readFileSync('YOUR_TLS_KEY_FILE.pem'),
  cert: fs.readFileSync('YOUR_TLS_CERT_FILE.pem')
}

var server = require('tls').createServer(options, aedes.handle)

server.listen(8883, function () {
  console.log('server started and listening on port 8883')
})

API

  • aedes()
  • aedes.Server()
  • instance.handle()
  • instance.subscribe()
  • instance.publish()
  • instance.unsubscribe()
  • instance.preConnect()
  • instance.authenticate()
  • instance.authorizePublish()
  • instance.authorizeSubscribe()
  • instance.authorizeForward()
  • instance.published()
  • instance.close()
  • Client
  • client.id
  • client.clean
  • client.conn
  • client.req
  • client.publish()
  • client.subscribe()
  • client.unsubscribe()
  • client.close()

aedes([opts])

Creates a new instance of Aedes.

Options:

Events:

  • client: when a new Client successfully connects and register itself to server, [connackSent event will be come after], arguments:
    1. client
  • clientReady: when a new Client received all its offline messages, it is ready, arguments:
    1. client
  • clientDisconnect: when a Client disconnects, arguments:
    1. client
  • clientError: when a Client errors, arguments:
    1. client
    2. err
  • connectionError When a Client connection errors and there is no clientId attached , arguments:
    1. client
    2. err
  • keepaliveTimeout: when a Client keepalive times out, arguments:
    1. client
  • publish: when a new packet is published, arguments:
    1. packet
    2. client, it will be null if the message is published using publish. It is by design that the broker heartbeat will be on publish event, in this case client is null
  • ack: when a packet published to a client is delivered successfully with QoS 1 or QoS 2, arguments:
    1. packet, this will be the original PUBLISH packet in QoS 1, and PUBREL in QoS 2
    2. client
  • ping: when a Client sends a ping, arguments:
    1. packet
    2. client
  • subscribe: when a client sends a SUBSCRIBE, arguments:
    1. subscriptions, as defined in the subscriptions property of the SUBSCRIBE packet.
    2. client
  • unsubscribe: when a client sends a UNSUBSCRIBE, arguments:
    1. unsubscriptions, as defined in the subscriptions property of the UNSUBSCRIBE packet.
    2. client
  • connackSent: when a CONNACK packet is sent to a client, arguments:
    1. packet
    2. client
  • closed: when the broker is closed

new aedes.Server([opts])

Same as aedes(opts). Creates a new instance of Aedes. This variant is useful with TypeScript or ES modules.


instance.handle(duplex)

Handle the given duplex as a MQTT connection.

var aedes = require('./aedes')()
var server = require('net').createServer(aedes.handle)

instance.subscribe(topic, func(packet, cb), done)

After done is called, every time publish is invoked on the instance (and on any other connected instances) with a matching topic the func function will be called.

func needs to call cb after receiving the message.

It supports backpressure.


instance.publish(packet, done)

Publish the given packet to subscribed clients and functions. It supports backpressure.

A packet contains the following properties:

{
  cmd: 'publish',
  qos: 2,
  topic: 'test',
  payload: new Buffer('test'),
  retain: false
}

Only the topic property is mandatory. Both topic and payload can be Buffer objects instead of strings.


instance.unsubscribe(topic, func(packet, cb), done)

The reverse of subscribe.

instance.decodeProtocol(client, buffer)

It will be called when aedes instance trustProxy is true and that it receives a first valid buffer from client. client object state is in default and its connected state is false. A default function parse https headers (x-real-ip | x-forwarded-for) and proxy protocol v1 and v2 to retrieve information in client.connDetails. Override to supply custom protocolDecoder logic, if it returns an object with data property, this property will be parsed as an mqtt-packet.

instance.decodeProtocol = function(client, buffer) {
  var protocol = yourDecoder(client, buffer)
  return protocol
}

instance.preConnect(client, done(err, successful))

It will be called when aedes instance receives a first valid CONNECT packet from client. client object state is in default and its connected state is false. Any values in CONNECT packet (like clientId, clean flag, keepalive) will pass to client object after this call. Override to supply custom preConnect logic. Some use cases:

  1. Rate Limit / Throttle by client.conn.remoteAddress
  2. Check instance.connectedClient to limit maximum connections
  3. IP blacklisting
instance.preConnect = function(client, callback) {
  callback(null, client.conn.remoteAddress === '::1') {
}
instance.preConnect = function(client, callback) {
  callback(new Error('connection error'), client.conn.remoteAddress !== '::1') {
}

instance.authenticate(client, username, password, done(err, successful))

It will be called when a new client connects. Override to supply custom authentication logic.

instance.authenticate = function (client, username, password, callback) {
  callback(null, username === 'matteo')
}

Other return codes can passed as follows :-

instance.authenticate = function (client, username, password, callback) {
  var error = new Error('Auth error')
  error.returnCode = 1
  callback(error, null)
}

The return code values and their responses which can be passed are given below:

  • 1 - Unacceptable protocol version
  • 2 - Identifier rejected
  • 3 - Server unavailable
  • 4 - Bad user name or password

instance.authorizePublish(client, packet, done(err))

It will be called when a client publishes a message. Override to supply custom authorization logic.

instance.authorizePublish = function (client, packet, callback) {
  if (packet.topic === 'aaaa') {
    return callback(new Error('wrong topic'))
  }

  if (packet.topic === 'bbb') {
    packet.payload = new Buffer('overwrite packet payload')
  }

  callback(null)
}

instance.authorizeSubscribe(client, pattern, done(err, pattern))

It will be called when a client subscribes to a topic. Override to supply custom authorization logic.

instance.authorizeSubscribe = function (client, sub, callback) {
  if (sub.topic === 'aaaa') {
    return callback(new Error('wrong topic'))
  }

  if (sub.topic === 'bbb') {
    // overwrites subscription
    sub.qos = sub.qos + 2
  }

  callback(null, sub)
}

To negate a subscription, set the subscription to null:

instance.authorizeSubscribe = function (client, sub, callback) {
  if (sub.topic === 'aaaa') {
    sub = null
  }

  callback(null, sub)
}

instance.authorizeForward(clientId, packet)

It will be called when a client is set to recieve a message. Override to supply custom authorization logic.

instance.authorizeForward = function (client, packet) {
  if (packet.topic === 'aaaa' && client.id === "I should not see this") {
    return null
    // also works with return undefined
  }

  if (packet.topic === 'bbb') {
    packet.payload = new Buffer('overwrite packet payload')
  }

  return packet
}

instance.published(packet, client, done())

It will be called after a message is published. client will be null for internal messages. Override to supply custom authorization logic.


instance.close([cb])

Disconnects all clients.

Events:

  • closed, in case the broker is closed

Client

Classes for all connected clients.

Events:

  • error, in case something bad happended

client#id

The id of the client, as specified by the CONNECT packet, defaults to 'aedes_' + shortid()


client#clean

true if the client connected (CONNECT) with clean: true, false otherwise. Check the MQTT spec for what this means.


client#conn

The client's connection stream object.

In the case of net.createServer brokers, it's the connection passed to the connectionlistener function by node's net.createServer API.

In the case of websocket-stream brokers, it's the stream argument passed to the handle function described in that library's documentation.


client#req

The HTTP Websocket upgrade request object passed to websocket broker's handle function by the websocket-stream library.

If your clients are connecting to aedes via websocket and you need access to headers or cookies, you can get them here. NOTE: this property is only present for websocket connections.


client#publish(message, [callback])

Publish the given message to this client. QoS 1 and 2 are fully respected, while the retained flag is not.

message is a PUBLISH packet.

callback  will be called when the message has been sent, but not acked.


client#subscribe(subscriptions, [callback])

Subscribe the client to the list of topics.

subscription can be:

  1. a single object in the format { topic: topic, qos: qos }
  2. an array of the above
  3. a full subscribe packet, specifying a messageId will send suback to the client.

callback  will be called when the subscription is completed.


client#unsubscribe(topicObjects, [callback])

Unsubscribe the client to the list of topics.

The topic objects can be as follows :-

  1. a single object in the format { topic: topic, qos: qos }
  2. an array of the above

callback  will be called when the unsubscriptions are completed.


client#close([cb])

Disconnects the client


client presence

You can subscribe on the following $SYS topics to get client presence:

  • $SYS/+/new/clients - will inform about new clients connections
  • $SYS/+/disconnect/clients - will inform about client disconnections. The payload will contain the clientId of the connected/disconnected client

Collaborators

Acknowledgements

This library is born after a lot of discussion with all Mosca users and how that was deployed in production. This addresses your concerns about performance and stability.

License

MIT


*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the Aedes README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.