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Description

Faster alternative to Ramda in just 7kB

Code Quality Rank: L5
Monthly Downloads: 0
Programming language: JavaScript
License: MIT License
Tags: Utility     Functional Programming     Functional     Util     Lodash     Fp     Ramda    
Latest version: v5.12.1

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README

Rambda

Rambda is smaller and faster alternative to the popular functional programming library Ramda. - Documentation

CircleCI codecov Commit activity All contributors Library size install size nest badge HitCount

โฏ Example use

import { compose, map, filter } from 'rambda'

const result = compose(
  map(x => x * 2),
  filter(x => x > 2)
)([1, 2, 3, 4])
// => [6, 8]

You can test this example in Rambda's REPL

[---------------](#-example-use)

โฏ Rambda's advantages

Typescript included

Typescript definitions are included in the library, in comparison to Ramda, where you need to additionally install @types/ramda.

Still, you need to be aware that functional programming features in Typescript are in development, which means that using R.compose/R.pipe can be problematic.

Important - Rambda version 7.1.0(or higher) requires Typescript version 4.3.3(or higher).

Immutable TS definitions

You can use immutable version of Rambda definitions, which is linted with ESLint functional/prefer-readonly-type plugin.

import {add} from 'rambda/immutable'

Deno support

While Ramda is available for Deno users, Rambda provides you with included TS definitions:

import * as R from "https://x.nest.land/[email protected]/mod.ts";
import * as Ramda from "https://x.nest.land/[email protected]/mod.ts";

R.add(1)('foo') // => will trigger warning in VSCode
Ramda.add(1)('foo') // => will not trigger warning in VSCode

Smaller size

The size of a library affects not only the build bundle size but also the dev bundle size and build time. This is important advantage, expecially for big projects.

<!-- ### Tree-shaking -->

Dot notation for R.path, R.paths, R.assocPath and R.lensPath

Standard usage of R.path is R.path(['a', 'b'], {a: {b: 1} }).

In Rambda you have the choice to use dot notation(which is arguably more readable):

R.path('a.b', {a: {b: 1} })

Comma notation for R.pick and R.omit

Similar to dot notation, but the separator is comma(,) instead of dot(.).

R.pick('a,b', {a: 1 , b: 2, c: 3} })
// No space allowed between properties

Speed

Rambda is generally more performant than Ramda as the [benchmarks](#-benchmarks) can prove that.

Support

As the library is smaller than Ramda, issues are much faster resolved.

Closing the issue is usually accompanied by publishing a new patch version of Rambda to NPM.

[---------------](#-rambdas-advantages)

โฏ Missing Ramda methods

Click to see the full list of 77 Ramda methods not implemented in Rambda

  • __
  • addIndex
  • ap
  • aperture
  • applyTo
  • ascend
  • binary
  • call
  • collectBy
  • comparator
  • composeWith
  • construct
  • constructN
  • descend
  • differenceWith
  • dissocPath
  • empty
  • eqBy
  • forEachObjIndexed
  • gt
  • gte
  • hasIn
  • innerJoin
  • insert
  • insertAll
  • into
  • invert
  • invertObj
  • invoker
  • keysIn
  • lift
  • liftN
  • lt
  • lte
  • mapAccum
  • mapAccumRight
  • memoizeWith
  • mergeDeepLeft
  • mergeDeepWith
  • mergeDeepWithKey
  • mergeWithKey
  • nAry
  • nthArg
  • o
  • otherwise
  • pair
  • partialRight
  • pathSatisfies
  • pickBy
  • pipeWith
  • project
  • promap
  • reduceBy
  • reduceRight
  • reduceWhile
  • reduced
  • remove
  • scan
  • sequence
  • sortWith
  • splitWhenever
  • symmetricDifferenceWith
  • andThen
  • toPairsIn
  • transduce
  • traverse
  • unary
  • uncurryN
  • unfold
  • unionWith
  • unnest
  • until
  • useWith
  • valuesIn
  • xprod
  • thunkify
  • default

[---------------](#-missing-ramda-methods)

โฏ Install

  • yarn add rambda

  • For UMD usage either use ./dist/rambda.umd.js or the following CDN link:

https://unpkg.com/[email protected]_VERSION/dist/rambda.umd.js
  • with deno
import {compose, add} from 'https://raw.githubusercontent.com/selfrefactor/rambda/master/dist/rambda.esm.js'

[---------------](#-install)

Differences between Rambda and Ramda

  • Rambda's type detects async functions and unresolved Promises. The returned values are 'Async' and 'Promise'.

  • Rambda's type handles NaN input, in which case it returns NaN.

  • Rambda's forEach can iterate over objects not only arrays.

  • Rambda's map, filter, partition when they iterate over objects, they pass property and input object as predicate's argument.

  • Rambda's filter returns empty array with bad input(null or undefined), while Ramda throws.

  • Ramda's clamp work with strings, while Rambda's method work only with numbers.

  • Ramda's indexOf/lastIndexOf work with strings and lists, while Rambda's method work only with lists as iterable input.

  • Error handling, when wrong inputs are provided, may not be the same. This difference will be better documented once all brute force tests are completed.

  • Typescript definitions between rambda and @types/ramda may vary.

If you need more Ramda methods in Rambda, you may either submit a PR or check the extended version of Rambda - Rambdax. In case of the former, you may want to consult with [Rambda contribution guidelines.](CONTRIBUTING.md)

[---------------](#-differences-between-rambda-and-ramda)

โฏ Benchmarks

Click to expand all benchmark results

There are methods which are benchmarked only with Ramda and Rambda(i.e. no Lodash).

Note that some of these methods, are called with and without curring. This is done in order to give more detailed performance feedback.

The benchmarks results are produced from latest versions of Rambda, Lodash(4.17.21) and Ramda(0.28.0).

method Rambda Ramda Lodash
add ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 21.52% slower 82.15% slower
adjust 8.48% slower ๐Ÿš€ Fastest ๐Ÿ”ณ
all ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 1.81% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
allPass ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 91.09% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
allPass ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 98.56% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
and ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 89.09% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
any ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 92.87% slower 45.82% slower
anyPass ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 98.25% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
append ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 2.07% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
applySpec ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 80.43% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
assoc 72.32% slower 60.08% slower ๐Ÿš€ Fastest
clone ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 91.86% slower 86.48% slower
compose ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 32.45% slower 13.68% slower
converge 78.63% slower ๐Ÿš€ Fastest ๐Ÿ”ณ
curry ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 28.86% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
curryN ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 41.05% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
defaultTo ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 48.91% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
drop ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 82.35% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
dropLast ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 86.74% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
equals 58.37% slower 96.73% slower ๐Ÿš€ Fastest
filter 6.7% slower 72.03% slower ๐Ÿš€ Fastest
find ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 85.14% slower 42.65% slower
findIndex ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 86.48% slower 72.27% slower
flatten 6.56% slower 86.64% slower ๐Ÿš€ Fastest
ifElse ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 58.56% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
includes ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 84.63% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
indexOf ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 76.63% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
indexOf ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 82.2% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
init ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 92.24% slower 13.3% slower
is ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 57.69% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
isEmpty ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 97.14% slower 54.99% slower
last ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 93.43% slower 5.28% slower
lastIndexOf ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 85.19% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
map ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 86.6% slower 11.73% slower
match ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 44.83% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
merge ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 12.21% slower 55.76% slower
none ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 96.48% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
objOf ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 38.05% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
omit ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 69.95% slower 97.34% slower
over ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 56.23% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
path 37.81% slower 77.81% slower ๐Ÿš€ Fastest
pick ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 19.07% slower 80.2% slower
pipe 0.87% slower ๐Ÿš€ Fastest ๐Ÿ”ณ
prop ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 87.95% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
propEq ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 91.92% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
range ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 61.8% slower 57.44% slower
reduce 60.48% slower 77.1% slower ๐Ÿš€ Fastest
repeat 48.57% slower 68.98% slower ๐Ÿš€ Fastest
replace 33.45% slower 33.99% slower ๐Ÿš€ Fastest
set ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 50.35% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
sort ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 40.23% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
sortBy ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 25.29% slower 56.88% slower
split ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 55.37% slower 17.64% slower
splitEvery ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 71.98% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
take ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 91.96% slower 4.72% slower
takeLast ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 93.39% slower 19.22% slower
test ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 82.34% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
type ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 48.6% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
uniq ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 90.24% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
uniqWith 18.09% slower ๐Ÿš€ Fastest ๐Ÿ”ณ
uniqWith 14.23% slower ๐Ÿš€ Fastest ๐Ÿ”ณ
update ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 52.35% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ
view ๐Ÿš€ Fastest 76.15% slower ๐Ÿ”ณ

[---------------](#-benchmarks)

โฏ Used by

[---------------](#-used-by)

API

add

It adds a and b.

Try this R.add example in Rambda REPL

---------------

adjust


adjust<T>(index: number, replaceFn: (x: T) => T, list: T[]): T[]

It replaces index in array list with the result of replaceFn(list[i]).

Try this R.adjust example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

adjust<T>(index: number, replaceFn: (x: T) => T, list: T[]): T[];
adjust<T>(index: number, replaceFn: (x: T) => T): (list: T[]) => T[];

R.adjust source

import { cloneList } from './_internals/cloneList.js'
import { curry } from './curry.js'

function adjustFn(
  index, replaceFn, list
){
  const actualIndex = index < 0 ? list.length + index : index
  if (index >= list.length || actualIndex < 0) return list

  const clone = cloneList(list)
  clone[ actualIndex ] = replaceFn(clone[ actualIndex ])

  return clone
}

export const adjust = curry(adjustFn)

Tests

import { add } from './add.js'
import { adjust } from './adjust.js'
import { pipe } from './pipe.js'

const list = [ 0, 1, 2 ]
const expected = [ 0, 11, 2 ]

test('happy', () => {})

test('happy', () => {
  expect(adjust(
    1, add(10), list
  )).toEqual(expected)
})

test('with curring type 1 1 1', () => {
  expect(adjust(1)(add(10))(list)).toEqual(expected)
})

test('with curring type 1 2', () => {
  expect(adjust(1)(add(10), list)).toEqual(expected)
})

test('with curring type 2 1', () => {
  expect(adjust(1, add(10))(list)).toEqual(expected)
})

test('with negative index', () => {
  expect(adjust(
    -2, add(10), list
  )).toEqual(expected)
})

test('when index is out of bounds', () => {
  const list = [ 0, 1, 2, 3 ]
  expect(adjust(
    4, add(1), list
  )).toEqual(list)
  expect(adjust(
    -5, add(1), list
  )).toEqual(list)
})

---------------

all


all<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): boolean

It returns true, if all members of array list returns true, when applied as argument to predicate function.

Try this R.all example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

all<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): boolean;
all<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean): (list: T[]) => boolean;

R.all source

export function all(predicate, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _list => all(predicate, _list)

  for (let i = 0; i < list.length; i++){
    if (!predicate(list[ i ])) return false
  }

  return true
}

Tests

import { all } from './all.js'

const list = [ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 ]

test('when true', () => {
  const fn = x => x > -1

  expect(all(fn)(list)).toBeTrue()
})

test('when false', () => {
  const fn = x => x > 2

  expect(all(fn, list)).toBeFalse()
})

Typescript test

import {all} from 'rambda'

describe('all', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = all(
      x => {
        x // $ExpectType number
        return x > 0
      },
      [1, 2, 3]
    )
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('curried needs a type', () => {
    const result = all<number>(x => {
      x // $ExpectType number
      return x > 0
    })([1, 2, 3])
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

allPass


allPass<T>(predicates: ((x: T) => boolean)[]): (input: T) => boolean

It returns true, if all functions of predicates return true, when input is their argument.

Try this R.allPass example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

allPass<T>(predicates: ((x: T) => boolean)[]): (input: T) => boolean;
allPass<T>(predicates: ((...inputs: T[]) => boolean)[]): (...inputs: T[]) => boolean;

R.allPass source

export function allPass(predicates){
  return (...input) => {
    let counter = 0
    while (counter < predicates.length){
      if (!predicates[ counter ](...input)){
        return false
      }
      counter++
    }

    return true
  }
}

Tests

import { allPass } from './allPass.js'

test('happy', () => {
  const rules = [ x => typeof x === 'number', x => x > 10, x => x * 7 < 100 ]

  expect(allPass(rules)(11)).toBeTrue()

  expect(allPass(rules)(undefined)).toBeFalse()
})

test('when returns true', () => {
  const conditionArr = [ val => val.a === 1, val => val.b === 2 ]

  expect(allPass(conditionArr)({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  })).toBeTrue()
})

test('when returns false', () => {
  const conditionArr = [ val => val.a === 1, val => val.b === 3 ]

  expect(allPass(conditionArr)({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  })).toBeFalse()
})

test('works with multiple inputs', () => {
  const fn = function (
    w, x, y, z
  ){
    return w + x === y + z
  }
  expect(allPass([ fn ])(
    3, 3, 3, 3
  )).toBeTrue()
})

Typescript test

import {allPass, filter} from 'rambda'

describe('allPass', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const x = allPass<number>([
      y => {
        y // $ExpectType number
        return typeof y === 'number'
      },
      y => {
        return y > 0
      },
    ])(11)

    x // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('issue #642', () => {
    const isGreater = (num: number) => num > 5
    const pred = allPass([isGreater])
    const xs = [0, 1, 2, 3]

    const filtered1 = filter(pred)(xs)
    filtered1 // $ExpectType number[]
    const filtered2 = xs.filter(pred)
    filtered2 // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('issue #604', () => {
    const plusEq = function(w: number, x: number, y: number, z: number) {
      return w + x === y + z
    }
    const result = allPass([plusEq])(3, 3, 3, 3)

    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

always

It returns function that always returns x.

Try this R.always example in Rambda REPL

---------------

and

Logical AND

Try this R.and example in Rambda REPL

---------------

any


any<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): boolean

It returns true, if at least one member of list returns true, when passed to a predicate function.

Try this R.any example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

any<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): boolean;
any<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean): (list: T[]) => boolean;

R.any source

export function any(predicate, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _list => any(predicate, _list)

  let counter = 0
  while (counter < list.length){
    if (predicate(list[ counter ], counter)){
      return true
    }
    counter++
  }

  return false
}

Tests

import { any } from './any.js'

const list = [ 1, 2, 3 ]

test('happy', () => {
  expect(any(x => x < 0, list)).toBeFalse()
})

test('with curry', () => {
  expect(any(x => x > 2)(list)).toBeTrue()
})

Typescript test

import {any} from 'rambda'

describe('R.any', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = any(
      x => {
        x // $ExpectType number
        return x > 2
      },
      [1, 2, 3]
    )
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })

  it('when curried needs a type', () => {
    const result = any<number>(x => {
      x // $ExpectType number
      return x > 2
    })([1, 2, 3])
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

anyPass


anyPass<T>(predicates: ((x: T) => boolean)[]): (input: T) => boolean

It accepts list of predicates and returns a function. This function with its input will return true, if any of predicates returns true for this input.

Try this R.anyPass example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

anyPass<T>(predicates: ((x: T) => boolean)[]): (input: T) => boolean;
anyPass<T>(predicates: ((...inputs: T[]) => boolean)[]): (...inputs: T[]) => boolean;

R.anyPass source

export function anyPass(predicates){
  return (...input) => {
    let counter = 0
    while (counter < predicates.length){
      if (predicates[ counter ](...input)){
        return true
      }
      counter++
    }

    return false
  }
}

Tests

import { anyPass } from './anyPass.js'

test('happy', () => {
  const rules = [ x => typeof x === 'string', x => x > 10 ]
  const predicate = anyPass(rules)
  expect(predicate('foo')).toBeTrue()
  expect(predicate(6)).toBeFalse()
})

test('happy', () => {
  const rules = [ x => typeof x === 'string', x => x > 10 ]

  expect(anyPass(rules)(11)).toBeTrue()
  expect(anyPass(rules)(undefined)).toBeFalse()
})

const obj = {
  a : 1,
  b : 2,
}

test('when returns true', () => {
  const conditionArr = [ val => val.a === 1, val => val.a === 2 ]

  expect(anyPass(conditionArr)(obj)).toBeTrue()
})

test('when returns false + curry', () => {
  const conditionArr = [ val => val.a === 2, val => val.b === 3 ]

  expect(anyPass(conditionArr)(obj)).toBeFalse()
})

test('with empty predicates list', () => {
  expect(anyPass([])(3)).toBeFalse()
})

test('works with multiple inputs', () => {
  const fn = function (
    w, x, y, z
  ){
    console.log(
      w, x, y, z
    )

    return w + x === y + z
  }
  expect(anyPass([ fn ])(
    3, 3, 3, 3
  )).toBeTrue()
})

Typescript test

import {anyPass, filter} from 'rambda'

describe('anyPass', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const x = anyPass<number>([
      y => {
        y // $ExpectType number
        return typeof y === 'number'
      },
      y => {
        return y > 0
      },
    ])(11)

    x // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('issue #604', () => {
    const plusEq = function(w: number, x: number, y: number, z: number) {
      return w + x === y + z
    }
    const result = anyPass([plusEq])(3, 3, 3, 3)

    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('issue #642', () => {
    const isGreater = (num: number) => num > 5
    const pred = anyPass([isGreater])
    const xs = [0, 1, 2, 3]

    const filtered1 = filter(pred)(xs)
    filtered1 // $ExpectType number[]
    const filtered2 = xs.filter(pred)
    filtered2 // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

---------------

append


append<T>(x: T, list: T[]): T[]

It adds element x at the end of list.

Try this R.append example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

append<T>(x: T, list: T[]): T[];
append<T>(x: T): <T>(list: T[]) => T[];

R.append source

import { cloneList } from './_internals/cloneList.js'

export function append(x, input){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _input => append(x, _input)

  if (typeof input === 'string') return input.split('').concat(x)

  const clone = cloneList(input)
  clone.push(x)

  return clone
}

Tests

import { append } from './append.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(append('tests', [ 'write', 'more' ])).toEqual([
    'write',
    'more',
    'tests',
  ])
})

test('append to empty array', () => {
  expect(append('tests')([])).toEqual([ 'tests' ])
})

test('with strings', () => {
  expect(append('o', 'fo')).toEqual([ 'f', 'o', 'o' ])
})

Typescript test

import {append} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3]

describe('R.append', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = append(4, list)

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = append(4)(list)

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

---------------

apply


apply<T = any>(fn: (...args: any[]) => T, args: any[]): T

It applies function fn to the list of arguments.

This is useful for creating a fixed-arity function from a variadic function. fn should be a bound function if context is significant.

Try this R.apply example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

apply<T = any>(fn: (...args: any[]) => T, args: any[]): T;
apply<T = any>(fn: (...args: any[]) => T): (args: any[]) => T;

R.apply source

export function apply(fn, args){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _args => apply(fn, _args)
  }

  return fn.apply(this, args)
}

Tests

import { apply } from './apply.js'
import { bind } from './bind.js'
import { identity } from './identity.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(apply(identity, [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toBe(1)
})

test('applies function to argument list', () => {
  expect(apply(Math.max, [ 1, 2, 3, -99, 42, 6, 7 ])).toBe(42)
})

test('provides no way to specify context', () => {
  const obj = {
    method : function (){
      return this === obj
    },
  }
  expect(apply(obj.method, [])).toBeFalse()
  expect(apply(bind(obj.method, obj), [])).toBeTrue()
})

Typescript test

import {apply, identity} from 'rambda'

describe('R.apply', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = apply<number>(identity, [1, 2, 3])

    result // $ExpectType number
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const fn = apply<number>(identity)
    const result = fn([1, 2, 3])

    result // $ExpectType number
  })
})

---------------

applySpec


applySpec<Spec extends Record<string, AnyFunction>>(
  spec: Spec
): (
  ...args: Parameters<ValueOfRecord<Spec>>
) => { [Key in keyof Spec]: ReturnType<Spec[Key]> }

Try this R.applySpec example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

applySpec<Spec extends Record<string, AnyFunction>>(
  spec: Spec
): (
  ...args: Parameters<ValueOfRecord<Spec>>
) => { [Key in keyof Spec]: ReturnType<Spec[Key]> };
applySpec<T>(spec: any): (...args: unknown[]) => T;

R.applySpec source

import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'

// recursively traverse the given spec object to find the highest arity function
export function __findHighestArity(spec, max = 0){
  for (const key in spec){
    if (spec.hasOwnProperty(key) === false || key === 'constructor') continue

    if (typeof spec[ key ] === 'object'){
      max = Math.max(max, __findHighestArity(spec[ key ]))
    }

    if (typeof spec[ key ] === 'function'){
      max = Math.max(max, spec[ key ].length)
    }
  }

  return max
}

function __filterUndefined(){
  const defined = []
  let i = 0
  const l = arguments.length
  while (i < l){
    if (typeof arguments[ i ] === 'undefined') break
    defined[ i ] = arguments[ i ]
    i++
  }

  return defined
}

function __applySpecWithArity(
  spec, arity, cache
){
  const remaining = arity - cache.length

  if (remaining === 1)
    return x =>
      __applySpecWithArity(
        spec, arity, __filterUndefined(...cache, x)
      )
  if (remaining === 2)
    return (x, y) =>
      __applySpecWithArity(
        spec, arity, __filterUndefined(
          ...cache, x, y
        )
      )
  if (remaining === 3)
    return (
      x, y, z
    ) =>
      __applySpecWithArity(
        spec, arity, __filterUndefined(
          ...cache, x, y, z
        )
      )
  if (remaining === 4)
    return (
      x, y, z, a
    ) =>
      __applySpecWithArity(
        spec,
        arity,
        __filterUndefined(
          ...cache, x, y, z, a
        )
      )
  if (remaining > 4)
    return (...args) =>
      __applySpecWithArity(
        spec, arity, __filterUndefined(...cache, ...args)
      )

  // handle spec as Array
  if (isArray(spec)){
    const ret = []
    let i = 0
    const l = spec.length
    for (; i < l; i++){
      // handle recursive spec inside array
      if (typeof spec[ i ] === 'object' || isArray(spec[ i ])){
        ret[ i ] = __applySpecWithArity(
          spec[ i ], arity, cache
        )
      }
      // apply spec to the key
      if (typeof spec[ i ] === 'function'){
        ret[ i ] = spec[ i ](...cache)
      }
    }

    return ret
  }

  // handle spec as Object
  const ret = {}
  // apply callbacks to each property in the spec object
  for (const key in spec){
    if (spec.hasOwnProperty(key) === false || key === 'constructor') continue

    // apply the spec recursively
    if (typeof spec[ key ] === 'object'){
      ret[ key ] = __applySpecWithArity(
        spec[ key ], arity, cache
      )
      continue
    }

    // apply spec to the key
    if (typeof spec[ key ] === 'function'){
      ret[ key ] = spec[ key ](...cache)
    }
  }

  return ret
}

export function applySpec(spec, ...args){
  // get the highest arity spec function, cache the result and pass to __applySpecWithArity
  const arity = __findHighestArity(spec)

  if (arity === 0){
    return () => ({})
  }
  const toReturn = __applySpecWithArity(
    spec, arity, args
  )

  return toReturn
}

Tests

import { applySpec as applySpecRamda, nAry } from 'ramda'

import {
  add,
  always,
  compose,
  dec,
  inc,
  map,
  path,
  prop,
  T,
} from '../rambda.js'
import { applySpec } from './applySpec.js'

test('different than Ramda when bad spec', () => {
  const result = applySpec({ sum : { a : 1 } })(1, 2)
  const ramdaResult = applySpecRamda({ sum : { a : 1 } })(1, 2)
  expect(result).toEqual({})
  expect(ramdaResult).toEqual({ sum : { a : {} } })
})

test('works with empty spec', () => {
  expect(applySpec({})()).toEqual({})
  expect(applySpec([])(1, 2)).toEqual({})
  expect(applySpec(null)(1, 2)).toEqual({})
})

test('works with unary functions', () => {
  const result = applySpec({
    v : inc,
    u : dec,
  })(1)
  const expected = {
    v : 2,
    u : 0,
  }
  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
})

test('works with binary functions', () => {
  const result = applySpec({ sum : add })(1, 2)
  expect(result).toEqual({ sum : 3 })
})

test('works with nested specs', () => {
  const result = applySpec({
    unnested : always(0),
    nested   : { sum : add },
  })(1, 2)
  const expected = {
    unnested : 0,
    nested   : { sum : 3 },
  }
  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
})

test('works with arrays of nested specs', () => {
  const result = applySpec({
    unnested : always(0),
    nested   : [ { sum : add } ],
  })(1, 2)

  expect(result).toEqual({
    unnested : 0,
    nested   : [ { sum : 3 } ],
  })
})

test('works with arrays of spec objects', () => {
  const result = applySpec([ { sum : add } ])(1, 2)

  expect(result).toEqual([ { sum : 3 } ])
})

test('works with arrays of functions', () => {
  const result = applySpec([ map(prop('a')), map(prop('b')) ])([
    {
      a : 'a1',
      b : 'b1',
    },
    {
      a : 'a2',
      b : 'b2',
    },
  ])
  const expected = [
    [ 'a1', 'a2' ],
    [ 'b1', 'b2' ],
  ]
  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
})

test('works with a spec defining a map key', () => {
  expect(applySpec({ map : prop('a') })({ a : 1 })).toEqual({ map : 1 })
})

test('cannot retains the highest arity', () => {
  const f = applySpec({
    f1 : nAry(2, T),
    f2 : nAry(5, T),
  })
  const fRamda = applySpecRamda({
    f1 : nAry(2, T),
    f2 : nAry(5, T),
  })
  expect(f).toHaveLength(0)
  expect(fRamda).toHaveLength(5)
})

test('returns a curried function', () => {
  expect(applySpec({ sum : add })(1)(2)).toEqual({ sum : 3 })
})

// Additional tests
// ============================================
test('arity', () => {
  const spec = {
    one   : x1 => x1,
    two   : (x1, x2) => x1 + x2,
    three : (
      x1, x2, x3
    ) => x1 + x2 + x3,
  }
  expect(applySpec(
    spec, 1, 2, 3
  )).toEqual({
    one   : 1,
    two   : 3,
    three : 6,
  })
})

test('arity over 5 arguments', () => {
  const spec = {
    one   : x1 => x1,
    two   : (x1, x2) => x1 + x2,
    three : (
      x1, x2, x3
    ) => x1 + x2 + x3,
    four : (
      x1, x2, x3, x4
    ) => x1 + x2 + x3 + x4,
    five : (
      x1, x2, x3, x4, x5
    ) => x1 + x2 + x3 + x4 + x5,
  }
  expect(applySpec(
    spec, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  )).toEqual({
    one   : 1,
    two   : 3,
    three : 6,
    four  : 10,
    five  : 15,
  })
})

test('curried', () => {
  const spec = {
    one   : x1 => x1,
    two   : (x1, x2) => x1 + x2,
    three : (
      x1, x2, x3
    ) => x1 + x2 + x3,
  }
  expect(applySpec(spec)(1)(2)(3)).toEqual({
    one   : 1,
    two   : 3,
    three : 6,
  })
})

test('curried over 5 arguments', () => {
  const spec = {
    one   : x1 => x1,
    two   : (x1, x2) => x1 + x2,
    three : (
      x1, x2, x3
    ) => x1 + x2 + x3,
    four : (
      x1, x2, x3, x4
    ) => x1 + x2 + x3 + x4,
    five : (
      x1, x2, x3, x4, x5
    ) => x1 + x2 + x3 + x4 + x5,
  }
  expect(applySpec(spec)(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)).toEqual({
    one   : 1,
    two   : 3,
    three : 6,
    four  : 10,
    five  : 15,
  })
})

test('undefined property', () => {
  const spec = { prop : path([ 'property', 'doesnt', 'exist' ]) }
  expect(applySpec(spec, {})).toEqual({ prop : undefined })
})

test('restructure json object', () => {
  const spec = {
    id          : path('user.id'),
    name        : path('user.firstname'),
    profile     : path('user.profile'),
    doesntExist : path('user.profile.doesntExist'),
    info        : { views : compose(inc, prop('views')) },
    type        : always('playa'),
  }

  const data = {
    user : {
      id        : 1337,
      firstname : 'john',
      lastname  : 'shaft',
      profile   : 'shaft69',
    },
    views : 42,
  }

  expect(applySpec(spec, data)).toEqual({
    id          : 1337,
    name        : 'john',
    profile     : 'shaft69',
    doesntExist : undefined,
    info        : { views : 43 },
    type        : 'playa',
  })
})

Typescript test

import {multiply, applySpec, inc, dec, add} from 'rambda'

describe('applySpec', () => {
  it('ramda 1', () => {
    const result = applySpec({
      v: inc,
      u: dec,
    })(1)
    result // $ExpectType { v: number; u: number; }
  })
  it('ramda 1', () => {
    interface Output {
      sum: number,
      multiplied: number,
    }
    const result = applySpec<Output>({
      sum: add,
      multiplied: multiply,
    })(1, 2)

    result // $ExpectType Output
  })
})

---------------

assoc

It makes a shallow clone of obj with setting or overriding the property prop with newValue.

Try this R.assoc example in Rambda REPL

---------------

assocPath


assocPath<Output>(path: Path, newValue: any, obj: object): Output

It makes a shallow clone of obj with setting or overriding with newValue the property found with path.

Try this R.assocPath example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

assocPath<Output>(path: Path, newValue: any, obj: object): Output;
assocPath<Output>(path: Path, newValue: any): (obj: object) => Output;
assocPath<Output>(path: Path): (newValue: any) => (obj: object) => Output;

R.assocPath source

import { cloneList } from './_internals/cloneList.js'
import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'
import { isInteger } from './_internals/isInteger.js'
import { assoc } from './assoc.js'
import { curry } from './curry.js'

function assocPathFn(
  path, newValue, input
){
  const pathArrValue =
    typeof path === 'string' ?
      path.split('.').map(x => isInteger(Number(x)) ? Number(x) : x) :
      path
  if (pathArrValue.length === 0){
    return newValue
  }

  const index = pathArrValue[ 0 ]
  if (pathArrValue.length > 1){
    const condition =
      typeof input !== 'object' ||
      input === null ||
      !input.hasOwnProperty(index)

    const nextInput = condition ?
      isInteger(pathArrValue[ 1 ]) ?
        [] :
        {} :
      input[ index ]

    newValue = assocPathFn(
      Array.prototype.slice.call(pathArrValue, 1),
      newValue,
      nextInput
    )
  }

  if (isInteger(index) && isArray(input)){
    const arr = cloneList(input)
    arr[ index ] = newValue

    return arr
  }

  return assoc(
    index, newValue, input
  )
}

export const assocPath = curry(assocPathFn)

Tests

import { assocPath } from './assocPath.js'

test('string can be used as path input', () => {
  const testObj = {
    a : [ { b : 1 }, { b : 2 } ],
    d : 3,
  }
  const result = assocPath(
    'a.0.b', 10, testObj
  )
  const expected = {
    a : [ { b : 10 }, { b : 2 } ],
    d : 3,
  }
  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
})

test('bug', () => {
  /*
    https://github.com/selfrefactor/rambda/issues/524
  */
  const state = {}

  const withDateLike = assocPath(
    [ 'outerProp', '2020-03-10' ],
    { prop : 2 },
    state
  )
  const withNumber = assocPath(
    [ 'outerProp', '5' ], { prop : 2 }, state
  )

  const withDateLikeExpected = { outerProp : { '2020-03-10' : { prop : 2 } } }
  const withNumberExpected = { outerProp : { 5 : { prop : 2 } } }
  expect(withDateLike).toEqual(withDateLikeExpected)
  expect(withNumber).toEqual(withNumberExpected)
})

test('adds a key to an empty object', () => {
  expect(assocPath(
    [ 'a' ], 1, {}
  )).toEqual({ a : 1 })
})

test('adds a key to a non-empty object', () => {
  expect(assocPath(
    'b', 2, { a : 1 }
  )).toEqual({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  })
})

test('adds a nested key to a non-empty object', () => {
  expect(assocPath(
    'b.c', 2, { a : 1 }
  )).toEqual({
    a : 1,
    b : { c : 2 },
  })
})

test('adds a nested key to a nested non-empty object - curry case 1', () => {
  expect(assocPath('b.d',
    3)({
    a : 1,
    b : { c : 2 },
  })).toEqual({
    a : 1,
    b : {
      c : 2,
      d : 3,
    },
  })
})

test('adds a key to a non-empty object - curry case 1', () => {
  expect(assocPath('b', 2)({ a : 1 })).toEqual({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  })
})

test('adds a nested key to a non-empty object - curry case 1', () => {
  expect(assocPath('b.c', 2)({ a : 1 })).toEqual({
    a : 1,
    b : { c : 2 },
  })
})

test('adds a key to a non-empty object - curry case 2', () => {
  expect(assocPath('b')(2, { a : 1 })).toEqual({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  })
})

test('adds a key to a non-empty object - curry case 3', () => {
  const result = assocPath('b')(2)({ a : 1 })

  expect(result).toEqual({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  })
})

test('changes an existing key', () => {
  expect(assocPath(
    'a', 2, { a : 1 }
  )).toEqual({ a : 2 })
})

test('undefined is considered an empty object', () => {
  expect(assocPath(
    'a', 1, undefined
  )).toEqual({ a : 1 })
})

test('null is considered an empty object', () => {
  expect(assocPath(
    'a', 1, null
  )).toEqual({ a : 1 })
})

test('value can be null', () => {
  expect(assocPath(
    'a', null, null
  )).toEqual({ a : null })
})

test('value can be undefined', () => {
  expect(assocPath(
    'a', undefined, null
  )).toEqual({ a : undefined })
})

test('assignment is shallow', () => {
  expect(assocPath(
    'a', { b : 2 }, { a : { c : 3 } }
  )).toEqual({ a : { b : 2 } })
})

test('empty array as path', () => {
  const result = assocPath(
    [], 3, {
      a : 1,
      b : 2,
    }
  )
  expect(result).toBe(3)
})

test('happy', () => {
  const expected = { foo : { bar : { baz : 42 } } }
  const result = assocPath(
    [ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ], 42, { foo : null }
  )
  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
})

Typescript test

import {assocPath} from 'rambda'

interface Output {
  a: number,
  foo: {bar: number},
}

describe('R.assocPath - user must explicitly set type of output', () => {
  it('with array as path input', () => {
    const result = assocPath<Output>(['foo', 'bar'], 2, {a: 1})

    result // $ExpectType Output
  })
  it('with string as path input', () => {
    const result = assocPath<Output>('foo.bar', 2, {a: 1})

    result // $ExpectType Output
  })
})

describe('R.assocPath - curried', () => {
  it('with array as path input', () => {
    const result = assocPath<Output>(['foo', 'bar'], 2)({a: 1})

    result // $ExpectType Output
  })
  it('with string as path input', () => {
    const result = assocPath<Output>('foo.bar', 2)({a: 1})

    result // $ExpectType Output
  })
})

---------------

bind


bind<F extends AnyFunction, T>(fn: F, thisObj: T): (...args: Parameters<F>) => ReturnType<F>

Creates a function that is bound to a context.

Try this R.bind example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

bind<F extends AnyFunction, T>(fn: F, thisObj: T): (...args: Parameters<F>) => ReturnType<F>;
bind<F extends AnyFunction, T>(fn: F): (thisObj: T) => (...args: Parameters<F>) => ReturnType<F>;

R.bind source

import { curryN } from './curryN.js'

export function bind(fn, thisObj){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _thisObj => bind(fn, _thisObj)
  }

  return curryN(fn.length, (...args) => fn.apply(thisObj, args))
}

Tests

import { bind } from './bind.js'

function Foo(x){
  this.x = x
}
function add(x){
  return this.x + x
}
function Bar(x, y){
  this.x = x
  this.y = y
}
Bar.prototype = new Foo()
Bar.prototype.getX = function (){
  return 'prototype getX'
}

test('returns a function', () => {
  expect(typeof bind(add)(Foo)).toBe('function')
})

test('returns a function bound to the specified context object', () => {
  const f = new Foo(12)
  function isFoo(){
    return this instanceof Foo
  }
  const isFooBound = bind(isFoo, f)
  expect(isFoo()).toBeFalse()
  expect(isFooBound()).toBeTrue()
})

test('works with built-in types', () => {
  const abc = bind(String.prototype.toLowerCase, 'ABCDEFG')
  expect(typeof abc).toBe('function')
  expect(abc()).toBe('abcdefg')
})

test('works with user-defined types', () => {
  const f = new Foo(12)
  function getX(){
    return this.x
  }
  const getXFooBound = bind(getX, f)
  expect(getXFooBound()).toBe(12)
})

test('works with plain objects', () => {
  const pojso = { x : 100 }
  function incThis(){
    return this.x + 1
  }
  const incPojso = bind(incThis, pojso)
  expect(typeof incPojso).toBe('function')
  expect(incPojso()).toBe(101)
})

test('does not interfere with existing object methods', () => {
  const b = new Bar('a', 'b')
  function getX(){
    return this.x
  }
  const getXBarBound = bind(getX, b)
  expect(b.getX()).toBe('prototype getX')
  expect(getXBarBound()).toBe('a')
})

test('preserves arity', () => {
  const f0 = function (){
    return 0
  }
  const f1 = function (a){
    return a
  }
  const f2 = function (a, b){
    return a + b
  }
  const f3 = function (
    a, b, c
  ){
    return a + b + c
  }

  expect(bind(f0, {})).toHaveLength(0)
  expect(bind(f1, {})).toHaveLength(1)
  expect(bind(f2, {})).toHaveLength(2)
  expect(bind(f3, {})).toHaveLength(3)
})

Typescript test

import {bind} from 'rambda'

class Foo {}
function isFoo<T = any>(this: T): boolean {
  return this instanceof Foo
}

describe('R.bind', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const foo = new Foo()
    const result = bind(isFoo, foo)()

    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

both


both(pred1: Pred, pred2: Pred): Pred

It returns a function with input argument.

This function will return true, if both firstCondition and secondCondition return true when input is passed as their argument.

Try this R.both example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

both(pred1: Pred, pred2: Pred): Pred;
both<T>(pred1: Predicate<T>, pred2: Predicate<T>): Predicate<T>;
both<T>(pred1: Predicate<T>): (pred2: Predicate<T>) => Predicate<T>;
both(pred1: Pred): (pred2: Pred) => Pred;

R.both source

export function both(f, g){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _g => both(f, _g)

  return (...input) => f(...input) && g(...input)
}

Tests

import { both } from './both.js'

const firstFn = val => val > 0
const secondFn = val => val < 10

test('with curry', () => {
  expect(both(firstFn)(secondFn)(17)).toBeFalse()
})

test('without curry', () => {
  expect(both(firstFn, secondFn)(7)).toBeTrue()
})

test('with multiple inputs', () => {
  const between = function (
    a, b, c
  ){
    return a < b && b < c
  }
  const total20 = function (
    a, b, c
  ){
    return a + b + c === 20
  }
  const fn = both(between, total20)
  expect(fn(
    5, 7, 8
  )).toBeTrue()
})

test('skip evaluation of the second expression', () => {
  let effect = 'not evaluated'
  const F = function (){
    return false
  }
  const Z = function (){
    effect = 'Z got evaluated'
  }
  both(F, Z)()

  expect(effect).toBe('not evaluated')
})

Typescript test

import {both} from 'rambda'

describe('R.both', () => {
  it('with passed type', () => {
    const fn = both<number>(
      x => x > 1,
      x => x % 2 === 0
    )
    fn // $ExpectType Predicate<number>
    const result = fn(2) // $ExpectType boolean
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('with passed type - curried', () => {
    const fn = both<number>(x => x > 1)(x => x % 2 === 0)
    fn // $ExpectType Predicate<number>
    const result = fn(2)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('no type passed', () => {
    const fn = both(
      x => {
        x // $ExpectType any
        return x > 1
      },
      x => {
        x // $ExpectType any
        return x % 2 === 0
      }
    )
    const result = fn(2)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('no type passed - curried', () => {
    const fn = both((x: number) => {
      x // $ExpectType number
      return x > 1
    })((x: number) => {
      x // $ExpectType number
      return x % 2 === 0
    })
    const result = fn(2)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

chain


chain<T, U>(fn: (n: T) => U[], list: T[]): U[]

The method is also known as flatMap.

Try this R.chain example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

chain<T, U>(fn: (n: T) => U[], list: T[]): U[];
chain<T, U>(fn: (n: T) => U[]): (list: T[]) => U[];

R.chain source

export function chain(fn, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _list => chain(fn, _list)
  }

  return [].concat(...list.map(fn))
}

Tests

import { chain as chainRamda } from 'ramda'

import { chain } from './chain.js'

const duplicate = n => [ n, n ]

test('happy', () => {
  const fn = x => [ x * 2 ]
  const list = [ 1, 2, 3 ]

  const result = chain(fn, list)

  expect(result).toEqual([ 2, 4, 6 ])
})

test('maps then flattens one level', () => {
  expect(chain(duplicate, [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3 ])
})

test('maps then flattens one level - curry', () => {
  expect(chain(duplicate)([ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3 ])
})

test('flattens only one level', () => {
  const nest = n => [ [ n ] ]
  expect(chain(nest, [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ [ 1 ], [ 2 ], [ 3 ] ])
})

test('can compose', () => {
  function dec(x){
    return [ x - 1 ]
  }
  function times2(x){
    return [ x * 2 ]
  }

  const mdouble = chain(times2)
  const mdec = chain(dec)
  expect(mdec(mdouble([ 10, 20, 30 ]))).toEqual([ 19, 39, 59 ])
})

test('@types/ramda broken test', () => {
  const score = {
    maths   : 90,
    physics : 80,
  }

  const calculateTotal = score => {
    const { maths, physics } = score

    return maths + physics
  }

  const assocTotalToScore = (total, score) => ({
    ...score,
    total,
  })

  const calculateAndAssocTotalToScore = chainRamda(assocTotalToScore,
    calculateTotal)
  expect(() =>
    calculateAndAssocTotalToScore(score)).toThrowErrorMatchingInlineSnapshot('"fn(...) is not a function"')
})

Typescript test

import {chain} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3]
const fn = (x: number) => [`${x}`, `${x}`]

describe('R.chain', () => {
  it('without passing type', () => {
    const result = chain(fn, list)
    result // $ExpectType string[]

    const curriedResult = chain(fn)(list)
    curriedResult // $ExpectType string[]
  })
})

---------------

clamp

Restrict a number input to be within min and max limits.

If input is bigger than max, then the result is max.

If input is smaller than min, then the result is min.

Try this R.clamp example in Rambda REPL

---------------

clone

It creates a deep copy of the input, which may contain (nested) Arrays and Objects, Numbers, Strings, Booleans and Dates.

Try this R.clone example in Rambda REPL

---------------

complement

It returns inverted version of origin function that accept input as argument.

The return value of inverted is the negative boolean value of origin(input).

Try this R.complement example in Rambda REPL

---------------

compose

It performs right-to-left function composition.

Try this R.compose example in Rambda REPL

---------------

concat

It returns a new string or array, which is the result of merging x and y.

Try this R.concat example in Rambda REPL

---------------

cond

It takes list with conditions and returns a new function fn that expects input as argument.

This function will start evaluating the conditions in order to find the first winner(order of conditions matter).

The winner is this condition, which left side returns true when input is its argument. Then the evaluation of the right side of the winner will be the final result.

If no winner is found, then fn returns undefined.

Try this R.cond example in Rambda REPL

---------------

converge

Accepts a converging function and a list of branching functions and returns a new function. When invoked, this new function is applied to some arguments, each branching function is applied to those same arguments. The results of each branching function are passed as arguments to the converging function to produce the return value.

Try this R.converge example in Rambda REPL

---------------

count

It counts how many times predicate function returns true, when supplied with iteration of list.

Try this R.count example in Rambda REPL

---------------

countBy


countBy<T extends unknown>(transformFn: (x: T) => any, list: T[]): Record<string, number>

It counts elements in a list after each instance of the input list is passed through transformFn function.

Try this R.countBy example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

countBy<T extends unknown>(transformFn: (x: T) => any, list: T[]): Record<string, number>;
countBy<T extends unknown>(transformFn: (x: T) => any): (list: T[]) => Record<string, number>;

R.countBy source

export function countBy(fn, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _list => countBy(fn, _list)
  }
  const willReturn = {}

  list.forEach(item => {
    const key = fn(item)
    if (!willReturn[ key ]){
      willReturn[ key ] = 1
    } else {
      willReturn[ key ]++
    }
  })

  return willReturn
}

Tests

import { countBy } from './countBy.js'

const list = [ 'a', 'A', 'b', 'B', 'c', 'C' ]

test('happy', () => {
  const result = countBy(x => x.toLowerCase(), list)
  expect(result).toEqual({
    a : 2,
    b : 2,
    c : 2,
  })
})

Typescript test

import {countBy} from 'rambda'

const transformFn = (x: string) => x.toLowerCase()
const list = ['a', 'A', 'b', 'B', 'c', 'C']

describe('R.countBy', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = countBy(transformFn, list)

    result // $ExpectType Record<string, number>
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = countBy(transformFn)(list)

    result // $ExpectType Record<string, number>
  })
})

---------------

curry

It expects a function as input and returns its curried version.

Try this R.curry example in Rambda REPL

---------------

curryN

It returns a curried equivalent of the provided function, with the specified arity.

---------------

dec

It decrements a number.

---------------

defaultTo


defaultTo<T>(defaultValue: T, input: T | null | undefined): T

It returns defaultValue, if all of inputArguments are undefined, null or NaN.

Else, it returns the first truthy inputArguments instance(from left to right).

Try this R.defaultTo example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

defaultTo<T>(defaultValue: T, input: T | null | undefined): T;
defaultTo<T>(defaultValue: T): (input: T | null | undefined) => T;

R.defaultTo source

function isFalsy(input){
  return (
    input === undefined || input === null || Number.isNaN(input) === true
  )
}

export function defaultTo(defaultArgument, input){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _input => defaultTo(defaultArgument, _input)
  }

  return isFalsy(input) ? defaultArgument : input
}

Tests

import { defaultTo } from './defaultTo.js'

test('with undefined', () => {
  expect(defaultTo('foo')(undefined)).toBe('foo')
})

test('with null', () => {
  expect(defaultTo('foo')(null)).toBe('foo')
})

test('with NaN', () => {
  expect(defaultTo('foo')(NaN)).toBe('foo')
})

test('with empty string', () => {
  expect(defaultTo('foo', '')).toBe('')
})

test('with false', () => {
  expect(defaultTo('foo', false)).toBeFalse()
})

test('when inputArgument passes initial check', () => {
  expect(defaultTo('foo', 'bar')).toBe('bar')
})

Typescript test

import {defaultTo} from 'rambda'

describe('R.defaultTo with Ramda spec', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = defaultTo('foo', '')
    result // $ExpectType "" | "foo"
  })
  it('with explicit type', () => {
    const result = defaultTo<string>('foo', null)
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
})

---------------

difference


difference<T>(a: T[], b: T[]): T[]

It returns the uniq set of all elements in the first list a not contained in the second list b.

R.equals is used to determine equality.

Try this R.difference example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

difference<T>(a: T[], b: T[]): T[];
difference<T>(a: T[]): (b: T[]) => T[];

R.difference source

import { includes } from './includes.js'
import { uniq } from './uniq.js'

export function difference(a, b){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _b => difference(a, _b)

  return uniq(a).filter(aInstance => !includes(aInstance, b))
}

Tests

import { difference as differenceRamda } from 'ramda'

import { difference } from './difference.js'

test('difference', () => {
  const a = [ 1, 2, 3, 4 ]
  const b = [ 3, 4, 5, 6 ]
  expect(difference(a)(b)).toEqual([ 1, 2 ])

  expect(difference([], [])).toEqual([])
})

test('difference with objects', () => {
  const a = [ { id : 1 }, { id : 2 }, { id : 3 }, { id : 4 } ]
  const b = [ { id : 3 }, { id : 4 }, { id : 5 }, { id : 6 } ]
  expect(difference(a, b)).toEqual([ { id : 1 }, { id : 2 } ])
})

test('no duplicates in first list', () => {
  const M2 = [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 4 ]
  const N2 = [ 3, 3, 4, 4, 5, 5, 6, 6 ]
  expect(difference(M2, N2)).toEqual([ 1, 2 ])
})

test('should use R.equals', () => {
  expect(difference([ 1 ], [ 1 ])).toHaveLength(0)
  expect(differenceRamda([ NaN ], [ NaN ])).toHaveLength(0)
})

Typescript test

import {difference} from 'rambda'

const list1 = [1, 2, 3]
const list2 = [1, 2, 4]

describe('R.difference', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = difference(list1, list2)

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = difference(list1)(list2)

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

---------------

dissoc

It returns a new object that does not contain property prop.

Try this R.dissoc example in Rambda REPL

---------------

divide

Try this R.divide example in Rambda REPL

---------------

drop


drop<T>(howMany: number, input: T[]): T[]

It returns howMany items dropped from beginning of list or string input.

Try this R.drop example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

drop<T>(howMany: number, input: T[]): T[];
drop(howMany: number, input: string): string;
drop<T>(howMany: number): {
  <T>(input: T[]): T[];
  (input: string): string;
};

R.drop source

export function drop(howManyToDrop, listOrString){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _list => drop(howManyToDrop, _list)

  return listOrString.slice(howManyToDrop > 0 ? howManyToDrop : 0)
}

Tests

import assert from 'assert'

import { drop } from './drop.js'

test('with array', () => {
  expect(drop(2)([ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])).toEqual([ 'baz' ])
  expect(drop(3, [ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])).toEqual([])
  expect(drop(4, [ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])).toEqual([])
})

test('with string', () => {
  expect(drop(3, 'rambda')).toBe('bda')
})

test('with non-positive count', () => {
  expect(drop(0, [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3 ])
  expect(drop(-1, [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3 ])
  expect(drop(-Infinity, [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3 ])
})

test('should return copy', () => {
  const xs = [ 1, 2, 3 ]

  assert.notStrictEqual(drop(0, xs), xs)
  assert.notStrictEqual(drop(-1, xs), xs)
})

Typescript test

import {drop} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3, 4]
const str = 'foobar'
const howMany = 2

describe('R.drop - array', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = drop(howMany, list)
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = drop(howMany)(list)
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

describe('R.drop - string', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = drop(howMany, str)
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = drop(howMany)(str)
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
})

---------------

dropLast


dropLast<T>(howMany: number, input: T[]): T[]

It returns howMany items dropped from the end of list or string input.

Try this R.dropLast example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

dropLast<T>(howMany: number, input: T[]): T[];
dropLast(howMany: number, input: string): string;
dropLast<T>(howMany: number): {
  <T>(input: T[]): T[];
  (input: string): string;
};

R.dropLast source

export function dropLast(howManyToDrop, listOrString){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _listOrString => dropLast(howManyToDrop, _listOrString)
  }

  return howManyToDrop > 0 ?
    listOrString.slice(0, -howManyToDrop) :
    listOrString.slice()
}

Tests

import assert from 'assert'

import { dropLast } from './dropLast.js'

test('with array', () => {
  expect(dropLast(2)([ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])).toEqual([ 'foo' ])
  expect(dropLast(3, [ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])).toEqual([])
  expect(dropLast(4, [ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])).toEqual([])
})

test('with string', () => {
  expect(dropLast(3, 'rambda')).toBe('ram')
})

test('with non-positive count', () => {
  expect(dropLast(0, [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3 ])
  expect(dropLast(-1, [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3 ])
  expect(dropLast(-Infinity, [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3 ])
})

test('should return copy', () => {
  const xs = [ 1, 2, 3 ]

  assert.notStrictEqual(dropLast(0, xs), xs)
  assert.notStrictEqual(dropLast(-1, xs), xs)
})

Typescript test

import {dropLast} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3, 4]
const str = 'foobar'
const howMany = 2

describe('R.dropLast - array', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = dropLast(howMany, list)
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = dropLast(howMany)(list)
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

describe('R.dropLast - string', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = dropLast(howMany, str)
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = dropLast(howMany)(str)
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
})

---------------

dropLastWhile

Try this R.dropLastWhile example in Rambda REPL

---------------

dropRepeats


dropRepeats<T>(list: T[]): T[]

It removes any successive duplicates according to R.equals.

Try this R.dropRepeats example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

dropRepeats<T>(list: T[]): T[];

R.dropRepeats source

import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'
import { equals } from './equals.js'

export function dropRepeats(list){
  if (!isArray(list)){
    throw new Error(`${ list } is not a list`)
  }

  const toReturn = []

  list.reduce((prev, current) => {
    if (!equals(prev, current)){
      toReturn.push(current)
    }

    return current
  }, undefined)

  return toReturn
}

Tests

import { dropRepeats as dropRepeatsRamda } from 'ramda'

import { compareCombinations } from './_internals/testUtils.js'
import { add } from './add.js'
import { dropRepeats } from './dropRepeats.js'

const list = [ 1, 2, 2, 2, 3, 4, 4, 5, 5, 3, 2, 2, { a : 1 }, { a : 1 } ]
const listClean = [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 3, 2, { a : 1 } ]

test('happy', () => {
  const result = dropRepeats(list)
  expect(result).toEqual(listClean)
})

const possibleLists = [
  [ add(1), async () => {}, [ 1 ], [ 1 ], [ 2 ], [ 2 ] ],
  [ add(1), add(1), add(2) ],
  [],
  1,
  /foo/g,
  Promise.resolve(1),
]

describe('brute force', () => {
  compareCombinations({
    firstInput : possibleLists,
    callback   : errorsCounters => {
      expect(errorsCounters).toMatchInlineSnapshot(`
        {
          "ERRORS_MESSAGE_MISMATCH": 0,
          "ERRORS_TYPE_MISMATCH": 0,
          "RESULTS_MISMATCH": 1,
          "SHOULD_NOT_THROW": 3,
          "SHOULD_THROW": 0,
          "TOTAL_TESTS": 6,
        }
      `)
    },
    fn      : dropRepeats,
    fnRamda : dropRepeatsRamda,
  })
})

Typescript test

import {dropRepeats} from 'rambda'

describe('R.dropRepeats', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = dropRepeats([1, 2, 2, 3])

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

---------------

dropRepeatsWith

Try this R.dropRepeatsWith example in Rambda REPL

---------------

dropWhile

Try this R.dropWhile example in Rambda REPL

---------------

either


either(firstPredicate: Pred, secondPredicate: Pred): Pred

It returns a new predicate function from firstPredicate and secondPredicate inputs.

This predicate function will return true, if any of the two input predicates return true.

Try this R.either example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

either(firstPredicate: Pred, secondPredicate: Pred): Pred;
either<T>(firstPredicate: Predicate<T>, secondPredicate: Predicate<T>): Predicate<T>;
either<T>(firstPredicate: Predicate<T>): (secondPredicate: Predicate<T>) => Predicate<T>;
either(firstPredicate: Pred): (secondPredicate: Pred) => Pred;

R.either source

export function either(firstPredicate, secondPredicate){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _secondPredicate => either(firstPredicate, _secondPredicate)
  }

  return (...input) =>
    Boolean(firstPredicate(...input) || secondPredicate(...input))
}

Tests

import { either } from './either.js'

test('with multiple inputs', () => {
  const between = function (
    a, b, c
  ){
    return a < b && b < c
  }
  const total20 = function (
    a, b, c
  ){
    return a + b + c === 20
  }
  const fn = either(between, total20)
  expect(fn(
    7, 8, 5
  )).toBeTrue()
})

test('skip evaluation of the second expression', () => {
  let effect = 'not evaluated'
  const F = function (){
    return true
  }
  const Z = function (){
    effect = 'Z got evaluated'
  }
  either(F, Z)()

  expect(effect).toBe('not evaluated')
})

test('case 1', () => {
  const firstFn = val => val > 0
  const secondFn = val => val * 5 > 10

  expect(either(firstFn, secondFn)(1)).toBeTrue()
})

test('case 2', () => {
  const firstFn = val => val > 0
  const secondFn = val => val === -10
  const fn = either(firstFn)(secondFn)

  expect(fn(-10)).toBeTrue()
})

Typescript test

import {either} from 'rambda'

describe('R.either', () => {
  it('with passed type', () => {
    const fn = either<number>(
      x => x > 1,
      x => x % 2 === 0
    )
    fn // $ExpectType Predicate<number>
    const result = fn(2) // $ExpectType boolean
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('with passed type - curried', () => {
    const fn = either<number>(x => x > 1)(x => x % 2 === 0)
    fn // $ExpectType Predicate<number>
    const result = fn(2)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('no type passed', () => {
    const fn = either(
      x => {
        x // $ExpectType any
        return x > 1
      },
      x => {
        x // $ExpectType any
        return x % 2 === 0
      }
    )
    const result = fn(2)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('no type passed - curried', () => {
    const fn = either((x: number) => {
      x // $ExpectType number
      return x > 1
    })((x: number) => {
      x // $ExpectType number
      return x % 2 === 0
    })
    const result = fn(2)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

endsWith


endsWith(target: string, iterable: string): boolean

When iterable is a string, then it behaves as String.prototype.endsWith. When iterable is a list, then it uses R.equals to determine if the target list ends in the same way as the given target.

Try this R.endsWith example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

endsWith(target: string, iterable: string): boolean;
endsWith(target: string): (iterable: string) => boolean;
endsWith<T>(target: T[], list: T[]): boolean;
endsWith<T>(target: T[]): (list: T[]) => boolean;

R.endsWith source

import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'
import { equals } from './equals.js'

export function endsWith(target, iterable){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _iterable => endsWith(target, _iterable)

  if (typeof iterable === 'string'){
    return iterable.endsWith(target)
  }
  if (!isArray(target)) return false

  const diff = iterable.length - target.length
  let correct = true
  const filtered = target.filter((x, index) => {
    if (!correct) return false
    const result = equals(x, iterable[ index + diff ])
    if (!result) correct = false

    return result
  })

  return filtered.length === target.length
}

Tests

import { endsWith as endsWithRamda } from 'ramda'

import { compareCombinations } from './_internals/testUtils.js'
import { endsWith } from './endsWith.js'

test('with string', () => {
  expect(endsWith('bar', 'foo-bar')).toBeTrue()
  expect(endsWith('baz')('foo-bar')).toBeFalse()
})

test('use R.equals with array', () => {
  const list = [ { a : 1 }, { a : 2 }, { a : 3 } ]
  expect(endsWith({ a : 3 }, list)).toBeFalse(),
  expect(endsWith([ { a : 3 } ], list)).toBeTrue()
  expect(endsWith([ { a : 2 }, { a : 3 } ], list)).toBeTrue()
  expect(endsWith(list, list)).toBeTrue()
  expect(endsWith([ { a : 1 } ], list)).toBeFalse()
})

export const possibleTargets = [
  NaN,
  [ NaN ],
  /foo/,
  [ /foo/ ],
  Promise.resolve(1),
  [ Promise.resolve(1) ],
  Error('foo'),
  [ Error('foo') ],
]

export const possibleIterables = [
  [ Promise.resolve(1), Promise.resolve(2) ],
  [ /foo/, /bar/ ],
  [ NaN ],
  [ Error('foo'), Error('bar') ],
]

describe('brute force', () => {
  compareCombinations({
    fn          : endsWith,
    fnRamda     : endsWithRamda,
    firstInput  : possibleTargets,
    secondInput : possibleIterables,
    callback    : errorsCounters => {
      expect(errorsCounters).toMatchInlineSnapshot(`
        {
          "ERRORS_MESSAGE_MISMATCH": 0,
          "ERRORS_TYPE_MISMATCH": 0,
          "RESULTS_MISMATCH": 0,
          "SHOULD_NOT_THROW": 0,
          "SHOULD_THROW": 0,
          "TOTAL_TESTS": 32,
        }
      `)
    },
  })
})

Typescript test

import {endsWith} from 'rambda'

describe('R.endsWith - array as iterable', () => {
  const target = [{a: 2}]
  const iterable = [{a: 1}, {a: 2}]
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = endsWith(target, iterable)

    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = endsWith(target)(iterable)

    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

describe('R.endsWith - string as iterable', () => {
  const target = 'bar'
  const iterable = 'foo bar'
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = endsWith(target, iterable)

    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = endsWith(target)(iterable)

    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

eqProps

It returns true if property prop in obj1 is equal to property prop in obj2 according to R.equals.

Try this R.eqProps example in Rambda REPL

---------------

equals


equals<T>(x: T, y: T): boolean

It deeply compares x and y and returns true if they are equal.

Try this R.equals example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

equals<T>(x: T, y: T): boolean;
equals<T>(x: T): (y: T) => boolean;

R.equals source

import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'
import { type } from './type.js'

export function _lastIndexOf(valueToFind, list){
  if (!isArray(list)){
    throw new Error(`Cannot read property 'indexOf' of ${ list }`)
  }
  const typeOfValue = type(valueToFind)
  if (![ 'Object', 'Array', 'NaN', 'RegExp' ].includes(typeOfValue))
    return list.lastIndexOf(valueToFind)

  const { length } = list
  let index = length
  let foundIndex = -1

  while (--index > -1 && foundIndex === -1){
    if (equals(list[ index ], valueToFind)){
      foundIndex = index
    }
  }

  return foundIndex
}

export function _indexOf(valueToFind, list){
  if (!isArray(list)){
    throw new Error(`Cannot read property 'indexOf' of ${ list }`)
  }
  const typeOfValue = type(valueToFind)
  if (![ 'Object', 'Array', 'NaN', 'RegExp' ].includes(typeOfValue))
    return list.indexOf(valueToFind)

  let index = -1
  let foundIndex = -1
  const { length } = list

  while (++index < length && foundIndex === -1){
    if (equals(list[ index ], valueToFind)){
      foundIndex = index
    }
  }

  return foundIndex
}

function _arrayFromIterator(iter){
  const list = []
  let next
  while (!(next = iter.next()).done){
    list.push(next.value)
  }

  return list
}

function _equalsSets(a, b){
  if (a.size !== b.size){
    return false
  }
  const aList = _arrayFromIterator(a.values())
  const bList = _arrayFromIterator(b.values())

  const filtered = aList.filter(aInstance => _indexOf(aInstance, bList) === -1)

  return filtered.length === 0
}

function parseError(maybeError){
  const typeofError = maybeError.__proto__.toString()
  if (![ 'Error', 'TypeError' ].includes(typeofError)) return []

  return [ typeofError, maybeError.message ]
}

function parseDate(maybeDate){
  if (!maybeDate.toDateString) return [ false ]

  return [ true, maybeDate.getTime() ]
}

function parseRegex(maybeRegex){
  if (maybeRegex.constructor !== RegExp) return [ false ]

  return [ true, maybeRegex.toString() ]
}

export function equals(a, b){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _b => equals(a, _b)

  const aType = type(a)

  if (aType !== type(b)) return false
  if (aType === 'Function'){
    return a.name === undefined ? false : a.name === b.name
  }

  if ([ 'NaN', 'Undefined', 'Null' ].includes(aType)) return true

  if (aType === 'Number'){
    if (Object.is(-0, a) !== Object.is(-0, b)) return false

    return a.toString() === b.toString()
  }

  if ([ 'String', 'Boolean' ].includes(aType)){
    return a.toString() === b.toString()
  }

  if (aType === 'Array'){
    const aClone = Array.from(a)
    const bClone = Array.from(b)

    if (aClone.toString() !== bClone.toString()){
      return false
    }

    let loopArrayFlag = true
    aClone.forEach((aCloneInstance, aCloneIndex) => {
      if (loopArrayFlag){
        if (
          aCloneInstance !== bClone[ aCloneIndex ] &&
          !equals(aCloneInstance, bClone[ aCloneIndex ])
        ){
          loopArrayFlag = false
        }
      }
    })

    return loopArrayFlag
  }

  const aRegex = parseRegex(a)
  const bRegex = parseRegex(b)

  if (aRegex[ 0 ]){
    return bRegex[ 0 ] ? aRegex[ 1 ] === bRegex[ 1 ] : false
  } else if (bRegex[ 0 ]) return false

  const aDate = parseDate(a)
  const bDate = parseDate(b)

  if (aDate[ 0 ]){
    return bDate[ 0 ] ? aDate[ 1 ] === bDate[ 1 ] : false
  } else if (bDate[ 0 ]) return false

  const aError = parseError(a)
  const bError = parseError(b)

  if (aError[ 0 ]){
    return bError[ 0 ] ?
      aError[ 0 ] === bError[ 0 ] && aError[ 1 ] === bError[ 1 ] :
      false
  }
  if (aType === 'Set'){
    return _equalsSets(a, b)
  }
  if (aType === 'Object'){
    const aKeys = Object.keys(a)

    if (aKeys.length !== Object.keys(b).length){
      return false
    }

    let loopObjectFlag = true
    aKeys.forEach(aKeyInstance => {
      if (loopObjectFlag){
        const aValue = a[ aKeyInstance ]
        const bValue = b[ aKeyInstance ]

        if (aValue !== bValue && !equals(aValue, bValue)){
          loopObjectFlag = false
        }
      }
    })

    return loopObjectFlag
  }

  return false
}

Tests

import { equals as equalsRamda } from 'ramda'

import { compareCombinations } from './_internals/testUtils.js'
import { variousTypes } from './benchmarks/_utils.js'
import { equals } from './equals.js'

test('compare functions', () => {
  function foo(){}
  function bar(){}
  const baz = () => {}

  const expectTrue = equals(foo, foo)
  const expectFalseFirst = equals(foo, bar)
  const expectFalseSecond = equals(foo, baz)

  expect(expectTrue).toBeTrue()
  expect(expectFalseFirst).toBeFalse()
  expect(expectFalseSecond).toBeFalse()
})

test('with array of objects', () => {
  const list1 = [ { a : 1 }, [ { b : 2 } ] ]
  const list2 = [ { a : 1 }, [ { b : 2 } ] ]
  const list3 = [ { a : 1 }, [ { b : 3 } ] ]

  expect(equals(list1, list2)).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(list1, list3)).toBeFalse()
})

test('with regex', () => {
  expect(equals(/s/, /s/)).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(/s/, /d/)).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals(/a/gi, /a/gi)).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(/a/gim, /a/gim)).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(/a/gi, /a/i)).toBeFalse()
})

test('not a number', () => {
  expect(equals([ NaN ], [ NaN ])).toBeTrue()
})

test('new number', () => {
  expect(equals(new Number(0), new Number(0))).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(new Number(0), new Number(1))).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals(new Number(1), new Number(0))).toBeFalse()
})

test('new string', () => {
  expect(equals(new String(''), new String(''))).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(new String(''), new String('x'))).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals(new String('x'), new String(''))).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals(new String('foo'), new String('foo'))).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(new String('foo'), new String('bar'))).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals(new String('bar'), new String('foo'))).toBeFalse()
})

test('new Boolean', () => {
  expect(equals(new Boolean(true), new Boolean(true))).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(new Boolean(false), new Boolean(false))).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(new Boolean(true), new Boolean(false))).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals(new Boolean(false), new Boolean(true))).toBeFalse()
})

test('new Error', () => {
  expect(equals(new Error('XXX'), {})).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals(new Error('XXX'), new TypeError('XXX'))).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals(new Error('XXX'), new Error('YYY'))).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals(new Error('XXX'), new Error('XXX'))).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(new Error('XXX'), new TypeError('YYY'))).toBeFalse()
})

test('with dates', () => {
  expect(equals(new Date(0), new Date(0))).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(new Date(1), new Date(1))).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(new Date(0), new Date(1))).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals(new Date(1), new Date(0))).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals(new Date(0), {})).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals({}, new Date(0))).toBeFalse()
})

test('ramda spec', () => {
  expect(equals({}, {})).toBeTrue()

  expect(equals({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  },
  {
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  })).toBeTrue()

  expect(equals({
    a : 2,
    b : 3,
  },
  {
    b : 3,
    a : 2,
  })).toBeTrue()

  expect(equals({
    a : 2,
    b : 3,
  },
  {
    a : 3,
    b : 3,
  })).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals({
    a : 2,
    b : 3,
    c : 1,
  },
  {
    a : 2,
    b : 3,
  })).toBeFalse()
})

test('works with boolean tuple', () => {
  expect(equals([ true, false ], [ true, false ])).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals([ true, false ], [ true, true ])).toBeFalse()
})

test('works with equal objects within array', () => {
  const objFirst = {
    a : {
      b : 1,
      c : 2,
      d : [ 1 ],
    },
  }
  const objSecond = {
    a : {
      b : 1,
      c : 2,
      d : [ 1 ],
    },
  }

  const x = [ 1, 2, objFirst, null, '', [] ]
  const y = [ 1, 2, objSecond, null, '', [] ]
  expect(equals(x, y)).toBeTrue()
})

test('works with different objects within array', () => {
  const objFirst = { a : { b : 1 } }
  const objSecond = { a : { b : 2 } }

  const x = [ 1, 2, objFirst, null, '', [] ]
  const y = [ 1, 2, objSecond, null, '', [] ]
  expect(equals(x, y)).toBeFalse()
})

test('works with undefined as second argument', () => {
  expect(equals(1, undefined)).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals(undefined, undefined)).toBeTrue()
})

test('compare sets', () => {
  const toCompareDifferent = new Set([ { a : 1 }, { a : 2 } ])
  const toCompareSame = new Set([ { a : 1 }, { a : 2 }, { a : 1 } ])
  const testSet = new Set([ { a : 1 }, { a : 2 }, { a : 1 } ])
  expect(equals(toCompareSame, testSet)).toBeTruthy()
  expect(equals(toCompareDifferent, testSet)).toBeFalsy()
  expect(equalsRamda(toCompareSame, testSet)).toBeTruthy()
  expect(equalsRamda(toCompareDifferent, testSet)).toBeFalsy()
})

test('compare simple sets', () => {
  const testSet = new Set([ '2', '3', '3', '2', '1' ])
  expect(equals(new Set([ '3', '2', '1' ]), testSet)).toBeTruthy()
  expect(equals(new Set([ '3', '2', '0' ]), testSet)).toBeFalsy()
})

test('various examples', () => {
  expect(equals([ 1, 2, 3 ])([ 1, 2, 3 ])).toBeTrue()

  expect(equals([ 1, 2, 3 ], [ 1, 2 ])).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals(1, 1)).toBeTrue()

  expect(equals(1, '1')).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals({}, {})).toBeTrue()

  expect(equals({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  },
  {
    b : 2,
    a : 1,
  })).toBeTrue()

  expect(equals({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  },
  {
    a : 1,
    b : 1,
  })).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals({
    a : 1,
    b : false,
  },
  {
    a : 1,
    b : 1,
  })).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  },
  {
    b : 2,
    a : 1,
    c : 3,
  })).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals({
    x : {
      a : 1,
      b : 2,
    },
  },
  {
    x : {
      b : 2,
      a : 1,
      c : 3,
    },
  })).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  },
  {
    b : 3,
    a : 1,
  })).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals({ a : { b : { c : 1 } } }, { a : { b : { c : 1 } } })).toBeTrue()

  expect(equals({ a : { b : { c : 1 } } }, { a : { b : { c : 2 } } })).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals({ a : {} }, { a : {} })).toBeTrue()

  expect(equals('', '')).toBeTrue()

  expect(equals('foo', 'foo')).toBeTrue()

  expect(equals('foo', 'bar')).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals(0, false)).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals(/\s/g, null)).toBeFalse()

  expect(equals(null, null)).toBeTrue()

  expect(equals(false)(null)).toBeFalse()
})

test('with custom functions', () => {
  function foo(){
    return 1
  }
  foo.prototype.toString = () => ''
  const result = equals(foo, foo)

  expect(result).toBeTrue()
})

test('with classes', () => {
  class Foo{}
  const foo = new Foo()
  const result = equals(foo, foo)

  expect(result).toBeTrue()
})

test('with negative zero', () => {
  expect(equals(-0, -0)).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(-0, 0)).toBeFalse()
  expect(equals(0, 0)).toBeTrue()
  expect(equals(-0, 1)).toBeFalse()
})

const possibleInputs = variousTypes

describe('brute force', () => {
  compareCombinations({
    fn          : equals,
    fnRamda     : equalsRamda,
    firstInput  : possibleInputs,
    secondInput : possibleInputs,
    callback    : errorsCounters => {
      expect(errorsCounters).toMatchInlineSnapshot(`
        {
          "ERRORS_MESSAGE_MISMATCH": 0,
          "ERRORS_TYPE_MISMATCH": 0,
          "RESULTS_MISMATCH": 5,
          "SHOULD_NOT_THROW": 4,
          "SHOULD_THROW": 0,
          "TOTAL_TESTS": 289,
        }
      `)
    },
  })
})

Typescript test

import {equals} from 'rambda'

describe('R.equals', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = equals(4, 1)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('with object', () => {
    const foo = {a: 1}
    const bar = {a: 2}
    const result = equals(foo, bar)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = equals(4)(1)

    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

evolve


evolve<T, U>(rules: ((x: T) => U)[], list: T[]): U[]

It takes object or array of functions as set of rules. These rules are applied to the iterable input to produce the result.

Try this R.evolve example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

evolve<T, U>(rules: ((x: T) => U)[], list: T[]): U[];
evolve<T, U>(rules: ((x: T) => U)[]) : (list: T[]) => U[];
evolve<E extends Evolver, V extends Evolvable<E>>(rules: E, obj: V): Evolve<V, E>;
evolve<E extends Evolver>(rules: E): <V extends Evolvable<E>>(obj: V) => Evolve<V, E>;

R.evolve source

import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'
import { mapArray, mapObject } from './map.js'
import { type } from './type.js'

export function evolveArray(rules, list){
  return mapArray(
    (x, i) => {
      if (type(rules[ i ]) === 'Function'){
        return rules[ i ](x)
      }

      return x
    },
    list,
    true
  )
}

export function evolveObject(rules, iterable){
  return mapObject((x, prop) => {
    if (type(x) === 'Object'){
      const typeRule = type(rules[ prop ])
      if (typeRule === 'Function'){
        return rules[ prop ](x)
      }
      if (typeRule === 'Object'){
        return evolve(rules[ prop ], x)
      }

      return x
    }
    if (type(rules[ prop ]) === 'Function'){
      return rules[ prop ](x)
    }

    return x
  }, iterable)
}

export function evolve(rules, iterable){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _iterable => evolve(rules, _iterable)
  }
  const rulesType = type(rules)
  const iterableType = type(iterable)

  if (iterableType !== rulesType){
    throw new Error('iterableType !== rulesType')
  }

  if (![ 'Object', 'Array' ].includes(rulesType)){
    throw new Error(`'iterable' and 'rules' are from wrong type ${ rulesType }`)
  }

  if (iterableType === 'Object'){
    return evolveObject(rules, iterable)
  }

  return evolveArray(rules, iterable)
}

Tests

import { evolve as evolveRamda } from 'ramda'

import { add } from '../rambda.js'
import { compareCombinations, compareToRamda } from './_internals/testUtils.js'
import { evolve } from './evolve.js'

test('happy', () => {
  const rules = {
    foo    : add(1),
    nested : { bar : x => Object.keys(x).length },
  }
  const input = {
    a      : 1,
    foo    : 2,
    nested : { bar : { z : 3 } },
  }
  const result = evolve(rules, input)
  expect(result).toEqual({
    a      : 1,
    foo    : 3,
    nested : { bar : 1 },
  })
})

test('nested rule is wrong', () => {
  const rules = {
    foo    : add(1),
    nested : { bar : 10 },
  }
  const input = {
    a      : 1,
    foo    : 2,
    nested : { bar : { z : 3 } },
  }
  const result = evolve(rules)(input)
  expect(result).toEqual({
    a      : 1,
    foo    : 3,
    nested : { bar : { z : 3 } },
  })
})

test('is recursive', () => {
  const rules = {
    nested : {
      second : add(-1),
      third  : add(1),
    },
  }
  const object = {
    first  : 1,
    nested : {
      second : 2,
      third  : 3,
    },
  }
  const expected = {
    first  : 1,
    nested : {
      second : 1,
      third  : 4,
    },
  }
  const result = evolve(rules, object)
  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
})

test('ignores primitive values', () => {
  const rules = {
    n : 2,
    m : 'foo',
  }
  const object = {
    n : 0,
    m : 1,
  }
  const expected = {
    n : 0,
    m : 1,
  }
  const result = evolve(rules, object)
  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
})

test('with array', () => {
  const rules = [ add(1), add(-1) ]
  const list = [ 100, 1400 ]
  const expected = [ 101, 1399 ]
  const result = evolve(rules, list)
  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
})

const rulesObject = { a : add(1) }
const rulesList = [ add(1) ]
const possibleIterables = [ null, undefined, '', 42, [], [ 1 ], { a : 1 } ]
const possibleRules = [ ...possibleIterables, rulesList, rulesObject ]

describe('brute force', () => {
  compareCombinations({
    firstInput : possibleRules,
    callback   : errorsCounters => {
      expect(errorsCounters).toMatchInlineSnapshot(`
        {
          "ERRORS_MESSAGE_MISMATCH": 0,
          "ERRORS_TYPE_MISMATCH": 4,
          "RESULTS_MISMATCH": 0,
          "SHOULD_NOT_THROW": 51,
          "SHOULD_THROW": 0,
          "TOTAL_TESTS": 63,
        }
      `)
    },
    secondInput : possibleIterables,
    fn          : evolve,
    fnRamda     : evolveRamda,
  })
})

Typescript test

import {evolve, add} from 'rambda'

describe('R.evolve', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const input = {
      foo: 2,
      nested: {
        a: 1,
        bar: 3,
      },
    }
    const rules = {
      foo: add(1),
      nested: {
        a: add(-1),
        bar: add(1),
      },
    }
    const result = evolve(rules, input)
    const curriedResult = evolve(rules)(input)

    result.nested.a // $ExpectType number
    curriedResult.nested.a // $ExpectType number
    result.nested.bar // $ExpectType number
    result.foo // $ExpectType number
  })
  it('with array', () => {
    const rules = [String, String]
    const input = [100, 1400]
    const result = evolve(rules, input)
    const curriedResult = evolve(rules)(input)
    result // $ExpectType string[]
    curriedResult // $ExpectType string[]
  })
})

---------------

F


F(): boolean

Try this R.F example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

F(): boolean;

R.F source

export function F(){
  return false
}

---------------

filter


filter<T>(predicate: Predicate<T>): (input: T[]) => T[]

It filters list or object input using a predicate function.

Try this R.filter example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

filter<T>(predicate: Predicate<T>): (input: T[]) => T[];
filter<T>(predicate: Predicate<T>, input: T[]): T[];
filter<T, U>(predicate: ObjectPredicate<T>): (x: Dictionary<T>) => Dictionary<T>;
filter<T>(predicate: ObjectPredicate<T>, x: Dictionary<T>): Dictionary<T>;

R.filter source

import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'

export function filterObject(predicate, obj){
  const willReturn = {}

  for (const prop in obj){
    if (predicate(
      obj[ prop ], prop, obj
    )){
      willReturn[ prop ] = obj[ prop ]
    }
  }

  return willReturn
}

export function filterArray(
  predicate, list, indexed = false
){
  let index = 0
  const len = list.length
  const willReturn = []

  while (index < len){
    const predicateResult = indexed ?
      predicate(list[ index ], index) :
      predicate(list[ index ])
    if (predicateResult){
      willReturn.push(list[ index ])
    }

    index++
  }

  return willReturn
}

export function filter(predicate, iterable){
  if (arguments.length === 1)
    return _iterable => filter(predicate, _iterable)
  if (!iterable){
    throw new Error('Incorrect iterable input')
  }

  if (isArray(iterable)) return filterArray(
    predicate, iterable, false
  )

  return filterObject(predicate, iterable)
}

Tests

import { filter as filterRamda } from 'ramda'

import { filter } from './filter.js'
import { T } from './T.js'

const sampleObject = {
  a : 1,
  b : 2,
  c : 3,
  d : 4,
}

test('happy', () => {
  const isEven = n => n % 2 === 0

  expect(filter(isEven, [ 1, 2, 3, 4 ])).toEqual([ 2, 4 ])
  expect(filter(isEven, {
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
    d : 3,
  })).toEqual({ b : 2 })
})

test('predicate when input is object', () => {
  const obj = {
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  }
  const predicate = (
    val, prop, inputObject
  ) => {
    expect(inputObject).toEqual(obj)
    expect(typeof prop).toBe('string')

    return val < 2
  }
  expect(filter(predicate, obj)).toEqual({ a : 1 })
})

test('with object', () => {
  const isEven = n => n % 2 === 0
  const result = filter(isEven, sampleObject)
  const expectedResult = {
    b : 2,
    d : 4,
  }

  expect(result).toEqual(expectedResult)
})

test('bad inputs difference between Ramda and Rambda', () => {
  expect(() => filter(T, null)).toThrowWithMessage(Error,
    'Incorrect iterable input')
  expect(() => filter(T)(undefined)).toThrowWithMessage(Error,
    'Incorrect iterable input')
  expect(() => filterRamda(T, null)).toThrowWithMessage(TypeError,
    'Cannot read properties of null (reading \'fantasy-land/filter\')')
  expect(() => filterRamda(T, undefined)).toThrowWithMessage(TypeError,
    'Cannot read properties of undefined (reading \'fantasy-land/filter\')')
})

Typescript test

import {filter} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3]
const obj = {a: 1, b: 2}

describe('R.filter with array', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = filter<number>(x => {
      x // $ExpectType number
      return x > 1
    }, list)
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = filter<number>(x => {
      x // $ExpectType number
      return x > 1
    })(list)
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

describe('R.filter with objects', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = filter<number>((val, prop, origin) => {
      val // $ExpectType number
      prop // $ExpectType string
      origin // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>

      return val > 1
    }, obj)
    result // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>
  })
  it('curried version requires second dummy type', () => {
    const result = filter<number, any>((val, prop, origin) => {
      val // $ExpectType number
      prop // $ExpectType string
      origin // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>

      return val > 1
    })(obj)
    result // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>
  })
})

---------------

find


find<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): T | undefined

It returns the first element of list that satisfy the predicate.

If there is no such element, it returns undefined.

Try this R.find example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

find<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): T | undefined;
find<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean): (list: T[]) => T | undefined;

R.find source

export function find(predicate, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _list => find(predicate, _list)

  let index = 0
  const len = list.length

  while (index < len){
    const x = list[ index ]
    if (predicate(x)){
      return x
    }

    index++
  }
}

Tests

import { find } from './find.js'
import { propEq } from './propEq.js'

const list = [ { a : 1 }, { a : 2 }, { a : 3 } ]

test('happy', () => {
  const fn = propEq('a', 2)
  expect(find(fn, list)).toEqual({ a : 2 })
})

test('with curry', () => {
  const fn = propEq('a', 4)
  expect(find(fn)(list)).toBeUndefined()
})

test('with empty list', () => {
  expect(find(() => true, [])).toBeUndefined()
})

Typescript test

import {find} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3]

describe('R.find', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const predicate = (x: number) => x > 2
    const result = find(predicate, list)
    result // $ExpectType number | undefined
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const predicate = (x: number) => x > 2
    const result = find(predicate)(list)
    result // $ExpectType number | undefined
  })
})

---------------

findIndex


findIndex<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): number

It returns the index of the first element of list satisfying the predicate function.

If there is no such element, then -1 is returned.

Try this R.findIndex example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

findIndex<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): number;
findIndex<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean): (list: T[]) => number;

R.findIndex source

export function findIndex(predicate, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _list => findIndex(predicate, _list)

  const len = list.length
  let index = -1

  while (++index < len){
    if (predicate(list[ index ])){
      return index
    }
  }

  return -1
}

Tests

import { findIndex } from './findIndex.js'
import { propEq } from './propEq.js'

const list = [ { a : 1 }, { a : 2 }, { a : 3 } ]

test('happy', () => {
  expect(findIndex(propEq('a', 2), list)).toBe(1)

  expect(findIndex(propEq('a', 1))(list)).toBe(0)

  expect(findIndex(propEq('a', 4))(list)).toEqual(-1)
})

Typescript test

import {findIndex} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3]

describe('R.findIndex', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const predicate = (x: number) => x > 2
    const result = findIndex(predicate, list)
    result // $ExpectType number
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const predicate = (x: number) => x > 2
    const result = findIndex(predicate)(list)
    result // $ExpectType number
  })
})

---------------

findLast


findLast<T>(fn: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): T | undefined

It returns the last element of list satisfying the predicate function.

If there is no such element, then undefined is returned.

Try this R.findLast example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

findLast<T>(fn: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): T | undefined;
findLast<T>(fn: (x: T) => boolean): (list: T[]) => T | undefined;

R.findLast source

export function findLast(predicate, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _list => findLast(predicate, _list)

  let index = list.length

  while (--index >= 0){
    if (predicate(list[ index ])){
      return list[ index ]
    }
  }

  return undefined
}

Tests

import { findLast } from './findLast.js'

test('happy', () => {
  const result = findLast(x => x > 1, [ 1, 1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1 ])
  expect(result).toBe(4)

  expect(findLast(x => x === 0, [ 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1 ])).toBe(0)
})

test('with curry', () => {
  expect(findLast(x => x > 1)([ 1, 1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1 ])).toBe(4)
})

const obj1 = { x : 100 }
const obj2 = { x : 200 }
const a = [ 11, 10, 9, 'cow', obj1, 8, 7, 100, 200, 300, obj2, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0 ]
const even = function (x){
  return x % 2 === 0
}
const gt100 = function (x){
  return x > 100
}
const isStr = function (x){
  return typeof x === 'string'
}
const xGt100 = function (o){
  return o && o.x > 100
}

test('ramda 1', () => {
  expect(findLast(even, a)).toBe(0)
  expect(findLast(gt100, a)).toBe(300)
  expect(findLast(isStr, a)).toBe('cow')
  expect(findLast(xGt100, a)).toEqual(obj2)
})

test('ramda 2', () => {
  expect(findLast(even, [ 'zing' ])).toBeUndefined()
})

test('ramda 3', () => {
  expect(findLast(even, [ 2, 3, 5 ])).toBe(2)
})

test('ramda 4', () => {
  expect(findLast(even, [])).toBeUndefined()
})

Typescript test

import {findLast} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3]

describe('R.findLast', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const predicate = (x: number) => x > 2
    const result = findLast(predicate, list)
    result // $ExpectType number | undefined
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const predicate = (x: number) => x > 2
    const result = findLast(predicate)(list)
    result // $ExpectType number | undefined
  })
})

---------------

findLastIndex


findLastIndex<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): number

It returns the index of the last element of list satisfying the predicate function.

If there is no such element, then -1 is returned.

Try this R.findLastIndex example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

findLastIndex<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): number;
findLastIndex<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean): (list: T[]) => number;

R.findLastIndex source

export function findLastIndex(fn, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _list => findLastIndex(fn, _list)

  let index = list.length

  while (--index >= 0){
    if (fn(list[ index ])){
      return index
    }
  }

  return -1
}

Tests

import { findLastIndex } from './findLastIndex.js'

test('happy', () => {
  const result = findLastIndex(x => x > 1, [ 1, 1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1 ])

  expect(result).toBe(5)

  expect(findLastIndex(x => x === 0, [ 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1 ])).toBe(0)
})

test('with curry', () => {
  expect(findLastIndex(x => x > 1)([ 1, 1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1 ])).toBe(5)
})

const obj1 = { x : 100 }
const obj2 = { x : 200 }
const a = [ 11, 10, 9, 'cow', obj1, 8, 7, 100, 200, 300, obj2, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0 ]
const even = function (x){
  return x % 2 === 0
}
const gt100 = function (x){
  return x > 100
}
const isStr = function (x){
  return typeof x === 'string'
}
const xGt100 = function (o){
  return o && o.x > 100
}

test('ramda 1', () => {
  expect(findLastIndex(even, a)).toBe(15)
  expect(findLastIndex(gt100, a)).toBe(9)
  expect(findLastIndex(isStr, a)).toBe(3)
  expect(findLastIndex(xGt100, a)).toBe(10)
})

test('ramda 2', () => {
  expect(findLastIndex(even, [ 'zing' ])).toEqual(-1)
})

test('ramda 3', () => {
  expect(findLastIndex(even, [ 2, 3, 5 ])).toBe(0)
})

test('ramda 4', () => {
  expect(findLastIndex(even, [])).toEqual(-1)
})

Typescript test

import {findLastIndex} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3]

describe('R.findLastIndex', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const predicate = (x: number) => x > 2
    const result = findLastIndex(predicate, list)
    result // $ExpectType number
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const predicate = (x: number) => x > 2
    const result = findLastIndex(predicate)(list)
    result // $ExpectType number
  })
})

---------------

flatten


flatten<T>(list: any[]): T[]

It deeply flattens an array.

Try this R.flatten example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

flatten<T>(list: any[]): T[];

R.flatten source

import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'

export function flatten(list, input){
  const willReturn = input === undefined ? [] : input

  for (let i = 0; i < list.length; i++){
    if (isArray(list[ i ])){
      flatten(list[ i ], willReturn)
    } else {
      willReturn.push(list[ i ])
    }
  }

  return willReturn
}

Tests

import { flatten } from './flatten.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(flatten([ 1, 2, 3, [ [ [ [ [ 4 ] ] ] ] ] ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3, 4 ])

  expect(flatten([ 1, [ 2, [ [ 3 ] ] ], [ 4 ] ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3, 4 ])

  expect(flatten([ 1, [ 2, [ [ [ 3 ] ] ] ], [ 4 ] ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3, 4 ])

  expect(flatten([ 1, 2, [ 3, 4 ], 5, [ 6, [ 7, 8, [ 9, [ 10, 11 ], 12 ] ] ] ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 ])
})

test('readme example', () => {
  const result = flatten([ 1, 2, [ 3, 30, [ 300 ] ], [ 4 ] ])
  expect(result).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3, 30, 300, 4 ])
})

Typescript test

import {flatten} from 'rambda'

describe('flatten', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = flatten<number>([1, 2, [3, [4]]])
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

---------------

flip

It returns function which calls fn with exchanged first and second argument.

Try this R.flip example in Rambda REPL

---------------

forEach


forEach<T>(fn: Iterator<T, void>, list: T[]): T[]

It applies iterable function over all members of list and returns list.

Try this R.forEach example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

forEach<T>(fn: Iterator<T, void>, list: T[]): T[];
forEach<T>(fn: Iterator<T, void>): (list: T[]) => T[];
forEach<T>(fn: ObjectIterator<T, void>, list: Dictionary<T>): Dictionary<T>;
forEach<T, U>(fn: ObjectIterator<T, void>): (list: Dictionary<T>) => Dictionary<T>;

R.forEach source

import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'
import { keys } from './_internals/keys.js'

export function forEach(fn, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _list => forEach(fn, _list)

  if (list === undefined){
    return
  }

  if (isArray(list)){
    let index = 0
    const len = list.length

    while (index < len){
      fn(list[ index ])
      index++
    }
  } else {
    let index = 0
    const listKeys = keys(list)
    const len = listKeys.length

    while (index < len){
      const key = listKeys[ index ]
      fn(
        list[ key ], key, list
      )
      index++
    }
  }

  return list
}

Tests

import { forEach } from './forEach.js'
import { type } from './type.js'

test('happy', () => {
  const sideEffect = {}
  forEach(x => sideEffect[ `foo${ x }` ] = x + 10)([ 1, 2 ])

  expect(sideEffect).toEqual({
    foo1 : 11,
    foo2 : 12,
  })
})

test('iterate over object', () => {
  const obj = {
    a : 1,
    b : [ 1, 2 ],
    c : { d : 7 },
    f : 'foo',
  }
  const result = {}
  const returned = forEach((
    val, prop, inputObj
  ) => {
    expect(type(inputObj)).toBe('Object')
    result[ prop ] = `${ prop }-${ type(val) }`
  })(obj)

  const expected = {
    a : 'a-Number',
    b : 'b-Array',
    c : 'c-Object',
    f : 'f-String',
  }

  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
  expect(returned).toEqual(obj)
})

test('with empty list', () => {
  const list = []
  const result = forEach(x => x * x)(list)

  expect(result).toEqual(list)
})

test('with wrong input', () => {
  const list = undefined
  const result = forEach(x => x * x)(list)

  expect(result).toBeUndefined()
})

test('returns the input', () => {
  const list = [ 1, 2, 3 ]
  const result = forEach(x => x * x)(list)

  expect(result).toEqual(list)
})

Typescript test

import {forEach} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3]
const obj = {a: 1, b: 2}

describe('R.forEach with arrays', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = forEach(a => {
      a // $ExpectType number
    }, list)
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('curried require an explicit typing', () => {
    const result = forEach<number>(a => {
      a // $ExpectType number
    })(list)
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

describe('R.forEach with objects', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = forEach((a, b, c) => {
      a // $ExpectType number
      b // $ExpectType string
      c // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>
      return `${a}`
    }, obj)
    result // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>
  })
  it('curried require an input typing and a dummy third typing', () => {
    // Required in order all typings to work
    const result = forEach<number, any>((a, b, c) => {
      a // $ExpectType number
      b // $ExpectType string
      c // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>
    })(obj)
    result // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>
  })
  it('iterator without property', () => {
    const result = forEach(a => {
      a // $ExpectType number
    }, obj)
    result // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>
  })
})

---------------

fromPairs

It transforms a listOfPairs to an object.

Try this R.fromPairs example in Rambda REPL

---------------

groupBy

It splits list according to a provided groupFn function and returns an object.

Try this R.groupBy example in Rambda REPL

---------------

groupWith

It returns separated version of list or string input, where separation is done with equality compareFn function.

Try this R.groupWith example in Rambda REPL

---------------

has


has<T>(prop: string, obj: T): boolean

It returns true if obj has property prop.

Try this R.has example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

has<T>(prop: string, obj: T): boolean;
has(prop: string): <T>(obj: T) => boolean;

R.has source

export function has(prop, obj){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _obj => has(prop, _obj)

  if (!obj) return false

  return obj.hasOwnProperty(prop)
}

Tests

import { has } from './has.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(has('a')({ a : 1 })).toBeTrue()
  expect(has('b', { a : 1 })).toBeFalse()
})

test('with non-object', () => {
  expect(has('a', undefined)).toBeFalse()
  expect(has('a', null)).toBeFalse()
  expect(has('a', true)).toBeFalse()
  expect(has('a', '')).toBeFalse()
  expect(has('a', /a/)).toBeFalse()
})

Typescript test

import {has} from 'rambda'

describe('R.has', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = has('foo', {a: 1})
    const curriedResult = has('bar')({a: 1})
    result // $ExpectType boolean
    curriedResult // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

hasPath


hasPath<T>(
  path: string | string[],
  input: object
): boolean

It will return true, if input object has truthy path(calculated with R.path).

Try this R.hasPath example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

hasPath<T>(
  path: string | string[],
  input: object
): boolean;
hasPath<T>(
  path: string | string[]
): (input: object) => boolean;

R.hasPath source

import { path } from './path.js'

export function hasPath(pathInput, obj){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return objHolder => hasPath(pathInput, objHolder)
  }

  return path(pathInput, obj) !== undefined
}

Tests

import { hasPath } from './hasPath.js'

test('when true', () => {
  const path = 'a.b'
  const obj = { a : { b : [] } }

  const result = hasPath(path)(obj)
  const expectedResult = true

  expect(result).toEqual(expectedResult)
})

test('when false', () => {
  const path = 'a.b'
  const obj = {}

  const result = hasPath(path, obj)
  const expectedResult = false

  expect(result).toEqual(expectedResult)
})

Typescript test

import {hasPath} from 'rambda'

describe('R.hasPath', () => {
  it('string path', () => {
    const obj = {a: {b: 1}}
    const result = hasPath('a.b', obj)
    const curriedResult = hasPath('a.c')(obj)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
    curriedResult // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('array path', () => {
    const obj = {a: {b: 1}}
    const result = hasPath(['a', 'b'], obj)
    const curriedResult = hasPath(['a', 'c'])(obj)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
    curriedResult // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

head


head(input: string): string

It returns the first element of list or string input.

Try this R.head example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

head(input: string): string;
head(emptyList: []): undefined;
head<T>(input: T[]): T | undefined;

R.head source

export function head(listOrString){
  if (typeof listOrString === 'string') return listOrString[ 0 ] || ''

  return listOrString[ 0 ]
}

Tests

import { head } from './head.js'

test('head', () => {
  expect(head([ 'fi', 'fo', 'fum' ])).toBe('fi')
  expect(head([])).toBeUndefined()
  expect(head('foo')).toBe('f')
  expect(head('')).toBe('')
})

Typescript test

import {head} from 'rambda'

describe('R.head', () => {
  it('string', () => {
    const result = head('foo')
    result // $ExpectType string
  })

  it('array', () => {
    const result = head([1, 2, 3])
    result // $ExpectType number | undefined
  })

  it('empty array - case 1', () => {
    const result = head([])
    result // $ExpectType undefined
  })
  it('empty array - case 2', () => {
    const list = ['foo', 'bar'].filter(x => x.startsWith('a'))
    const result = head(list)
    result // $ExpectType string | undefined
  })
})

---------------

identical

It returns true if its arguments a and b are identical.

Otherwise, it returns false.

Try this R.identical example in Rambda REPL

---------------

identity


identity<T>(input: T): T

It just passes back the supplied input argument.

Try this R.identity example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

identity<T>(input: T): T;

R.identity source

export function identity(x){
  return x
}

Tests

import { identity } from './identity.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(identity(7)).toBe(7)
  expect(identity(true)).toBeTrue()
  expect(identity({ a : 1 })).toEqual({ a : 1 })
})

Typescript test

import {identity} from 'rambda'

describe('R.identity', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = identity(4)
    result // $ExpectType 4
  })
})

---------------

ifElse


ifElse<T, TFiltered extends T, TOnTrueResult, TOnFalseResult>(
  pred: (a: T) => a is TFiltered,
  onTrue: (a: TFiltered) => TOnTrueResult,
  onFalse: (a: Exclude<T, TFiltered>) => TOnFalseResult,
): (a: T) => TOnTrueResult | TOnFalseResult

It expects condition, onTrue and onFalse functions as inputs and it returns a new function with example name of fn.

When fnis called withinputargument, it will return eitheronTrue(input)oronFalse(input)depending oncondition(input)` evaluation.

Try this R.ifElse example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

ifElse<T, TFiltered extends T, TOnTrueResult, TOnFalseResult>(
  pred: (a: T) => a is TFiltered,
  onTrue: (a: TFiltered) => TOnTrueResult,
  onFalse: (a: Exclude<T, TFiltered>) => TOnFalseResult,
): (a: T) => TOnTrueResult | TOnFalseResult;
ifElse<TArgs extends any[], TOnTrueResult, TOnFalseResult>(fn: (...args: TArgs) => boolean, onTrue: (...args: TArgs) => TOnTrueResult, onFalse: (...args: TArgs) => TOnFalseResult): (...args: TArgs) => TOnTrueResult | TOnFalseResult;

R.ifElse source

import { curry } from './curry.js'

function ifElseFn(
  condition, onTrue, onFalse
){
  return (...input) => {
    const conditionResult =
      typeof condition === 'boolean' ? condition : condition(...input)

    if (conditionResult === true){
      return onTrue(...input)
    }

    return onFalse(...input)
  }
}

export const ifElse = curry(ifElseFn)

Tests

import { always } from './always.js'
import { has } from './has.js'
import { identity } from './identity.js'
import { ifElse } from './ifElse.js'
import { prop } from './prop.js'

const condition = has('foo')
const v = function (a){
  return typeof a === 'number'
}
const t = function (a){
  return a + 1
}
const ifFn = x => prop('foo', x).length
const elseFn = () => false

test('happy', () => {
  const fn = ifElse(condition, ifFn)(elseFn)

  expect(fn({ foo : 'bar' })).toBe(3)
  expect(fn({ fo : 'bar' })).toBeFalse()
})

test('ramda spec', () => {
  const ifIsNumber = ifElse(v)
  expect(ifIsNumber(t, identity)(15)).toBe(16)
  expect(ifIsNumber(t, identity)('hello')).toBe('hello')
})

test('pass all arguments', () => {
  const identity = function (a){
    return a
  }
  const v = function (){
    return true
  }
  const onTrue = function (a, b){
    expect(a).toBe(123)
    expect(b).toBe('abc')
  }
  ifElse(
    v, onTrue, identity
  )(123, 'abc')
})

test('accept constant as condition', () => {
  const fn = ifElse(true)(always(true))(always(false))

  expect(fn()).toBeTrue()
})

test('accept constant as condition - case 2', () => {
  const fn = ifElse(
    false, always(true), always(false)
  )

  expect(fn()).toBeFalse()
})

test('curry 1', () => {
  const fn = ifElse(condition, ifFn)(elseFn)

  expect(fn({ foo : 'bar' })).toBe(3)
  expect(fn({ fo : 'bar' })).toBeFalse()
})

test('curry 2', () => {
  const fn = ifElse(condition)(ifFn)(elseFn)

  expect(fn({ foo : 'bar' })).toBe(3)
  expect(fn({ fo : 'bar' })).toBeFalse()
})

test('simple arity of 1', () => {
  const condition = x => x > 5
  const onTrue = x => x + 1
  const onFalse = x => x + 10
  const result = ifElse(
    condition, onTrue, onFalse
  )(1)
  expect(result).toBe(11)
})

test('simple arity of 2', () => {
  const condition = (x, y) => x + y > 5
  const onTrue = (x, y) => x + y + 1
  const onFalse = (x, y) => x + y + 10
  const result = ifElse(
    condition, onTrue, onFalse
  )(1, 10)
  expect(result).toBe(12)
})

Typescript test

import {ifElse} from 'rambda'

describe('R.ifElse', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const condition = (x: number) => x > 5
    const onTrue = (x: number) => `foo${x}`
    const onFalse = (x: number) => `bar${x}`
    const fn = ifElse(condition, onTrue, onFalse)
    fn // $ExpectType (x: number) => string
    const result = fn(3)
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('arity of 2', () => {
    const condition = (x: number, y: string) => x + y.length > 5
    const onTrue = (x: number, y: string) => `foo${x}-${y}`
    const onFalse = (x: number, y: string) => `bar${x}-${y}`
    const fn = ifElse(condition, onTrue, onFalse)
    fn // $ExpectType (x: number, y: string) => string
    const result = fn(3, 'hello')
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
  test('DefinitelyTyped#59291', () => {
    const getLengthIfStringElseDouble = ifElse(
      (a: string | number): a is string => true,
      a => a.length,
      a => a * 2
    )

    getLengthIfStringElseDouble('foo') // $ExpectType number
    getLengthIfStringElseDouble(3) // $ExpectType number
    const result = ifElse(
      (a: {
        foo?: string,
        bar: number | string,
      }): a is {foo: string, bar: string} => true,
      (a): [string, string] => [a.foo, a.bar],
      (a): [string | undefined, string | number] => [a.foo, a.bar]
    )
    result // $ExpectType (a: { foo?: string | undefined; bar: string | number; }) => [string, string] | [string | undefined, string | number]
  })
})

---------------

inc

It increments a number.

Try this R.inc example in Rambda REPL

---------------

includes


includes(valueToFind: string, input: string[] | string): boolean

If input is string, then this method work as native String.includes.

If input is array, then R.equals is used to define if valueToFind belongs to the list.

Try this R.includes example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

includes(valueToFind: string, input: string[] | string): boolean;
includes(valueToFind: string): (input: string[] | string) => boolean;
includes<T>(valueToFind: T, input: T[]): boolean;
includes<T>(valueToFind: T): (input: T[]) => boolean;

R.includes source

import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'
import { _indexOf } from './equals.js'

export function includes(valueToFind, iterable){
  if (arguments.length === 1)
    return _iterable => includes(valueToFind, _iterable)
  if (typeof iterable === 'string'){
    return iterable.includes(valueToFind)
  }
  if (!iterable){
    throw new TypeError(`Cannot read property \'indexOf\' of ${ iterable }`)
  }
  if (!isArray(iterable)) return false

  return _indexOf(valueToFind, iterable) > -1
}

Tests

import { includes as includesRamda } from 'ramda'

import { includes } from './includes.js'

test('with string as iterable', () => {
  const str = 'foo bar'

  expect(includes('bar')(str)).toBeTrue()
  expect(includesRamda('bar')(str)).toBeTrue()
  expect(includes('never', str)).toBeFalse()
  expect(includesRamda('never', str)).toBeFalse()
})

test('with array as iterable', () => {
  const arr = [ 1, 2, 3 ]

  expect(includes(2)(arr)).toBeTrue()
  expect(includesRamda(2)(arr)).toBeTrue()

  expect(includes(4, arr)).toBeFalse()
  expect(includesRamda(4, arr)).toBeFalse()
})

test('with list of objects as iterable', () => {
  const arr = [ { a : 1 }, { b : 2 }, { c : 3 } ]

  expect(includes({ c : 3 }, arr)).toBeTrue()
  expect(includesRamda({ c : 3 }, arr)).toBeTrue()
})

test('with NaN', () => {
  const result = includes(NaN, [ NaN ])
  const ramdaResult = includesRamda(NaN, [ NaN ])
  expect(result).toBeTrue()
  expect(ramdaResult).toBeTrue()
})

test('with wrong input that does not throw', () => {
  const result = includes(1, /foo/g)
  const ramdaResult = includesRamda(1, /foo/g)
  expect(result).toBeFalse()
  expect(ramdaResult).toBeFalse()
})

test('throws on wrong input - match ramda behaviour', () => {
  expect(() => includes(2, null)).toThrowWithMessage(TypeError,
    'Cannot read property \'indexOf\' of null')
  expect(() => includesRamda(2, null)).toThrowWithMessage(TypeError,
    'Cannot read properties of null (reading \'indexOf\')')
  expect(() => includes(2, undefined)).toThrowWithMessage(TypeError,
    'Cannot read property \'indexOf\' of undefined')
  expect(() => includesRamda(2, undefined)).toThrowWithMessage(TypeError,
    'Cannot read properties of undefined (reading \'indexOf\')')
})

Typescript test

import {includes} from 'rambda'

const list = [{a: {b: '1'}}, {a: {c: '2'}}, {a: {b: '3'}}]

describe('R.includes', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = includes({a: {b: '1'}}, list)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('with string', () => {
    const result = includes('oo', 'foo')
    const curriedResult = includes('oo')('foo')

    result // $ExpectType boolean
    curriedResult // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

indexBy

It generates object with properties provided by condition and values provided by list array.

If condition is a function, then all list members are passed through it.

If condition is a string, then all list members are passed through R.path(condition).

Try this R.indexBy example in Rambda REPL

---------------

indexOf

It returns the index of the first element of list equals to valueToFind.

If there is no such element, it returns -1.

Try this R.indexOf example in Rambda REPL

---------------

init


init<T extends unknown[]>(input: T): T extends readonly [...infer U, any] ? U : [...T]

It returns all but the last element of list or string input.

Try this R.init example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

init<T extends unknown[]>(input: T): T extends readonly [...infer U, any] ? U : [...T];
init(input: string): string;

R.init source

import baseSlice from './_internals/baseSlice.js'

export function init(listOrString){
  if (typeof listOrString === 'string') return listOrString.slice(0, -1)

  return listOrString.length ?
    baseSlice(
      listOrString, 0, -1
    ) :
    []
}

Tests

import { init } from './init.js'

test('with array', () => {
  expect(init([ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 1, 2 ])
  expect(init([ 1, 2 ])).toEqual([ 1 ])
  expect(init([ 1 ])).toEqual([])
  expect(init([])).toEqual([])
  expect(init([])).toEqual([])
  expect(init([ 1 ])).toEqual([])
})

test('with string', () => {
  expect(init('foo')).toBe('fo')
  expect(init('f')).toBe('')
  expect(init('')).toBe('')
})

Typescript test

import {init} from 'rambda'

describe('R.init', () => {
  it('with string', () => {
    const result = init('foo')

    result // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('with list - one type', () => {
    const result = init([1, 2, 3])

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('with list - mixed types', () => {
    const result = init([1, 2, 3, 'foo', 'bar'])

    result // $ExpectType (string | number)[]
  })
})

---------------

intersection

It loops through listA and listB and returns the intersection of the two according to R.equals.

Try this R.intersection example in Rambda REPL

---------------

intersperse

It adds a separator between members of list.

Try this R.intersperse example in Rambda REPL

---------------

is

It returns true if x is instance of targetPrototype.

Try this R.is example in Rambda REPL

---------------

isEmpty


isEmpty<T>(x: T): boolean

It returns true if x is empty.

Try this R.isEmpty example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

isEmpty<T>(x: T): boolean;

R.isEmpty source

import { type } from './type.js'

export function isEmpty(input){
  const inputType = type(input)
  if ([ 'Undefined', 'NaN', 'Number', 'Null' ].includes(inputType))
    return false
  if (!input) return true

  if (inputType === 'Object'){
    return Object.keys(input).length === 0
  }

  if (inputType === 'Array'){
    return input.length === 0
  }

  return false
}

Tests

import { isEmpty } from './isEmpty.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(isEmpty(undefined)).toBeFalse()
  expect(isEmpty('')).toBeTrue()
  expect(isEmpty(null)).toBeFalse()
  expect(isEmpty(' ')).toBeFalse()
  expect(isEmpty(new RegExp(''))).toBeFalse()
  expect(isEmpty([])).toBeTrue()
  expect(isEmpty([ [] ])).toBeFalse()
  expect(isEmpty({})).toBeTrue()
  expect(isEmpty({ x : 0 })).toBeFalse()
  expect(isEmpty(0)).toBeFalse()
  expect(isEmpty(NaN)).toBeFalse()
  expect(isEmpty([ '' ])).toBeFalse()
})

Typescript test

import {isEmpty} from 'rambda'

describe('R.isEmpty', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = isEmpty('foo')
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

isNil


isNil(x: any): x is null | undefined

It returns true if x is either null or undefined.

Try this R.isNil example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

isNil(x: any): x is null | undefined;

R.isNil source

export function isNil(x){
  return x === undefined || x === null
}

Tests

import { isNil } from './isNil.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(isNil(null)).toBeTrue()

  expect(isNil(undefined)).toBeTrue()

  expect(isNil([])).toBeFalse()
})

---------------

join


join<T>(glue: string, list: T[]): string

It returns a string of all list instances joined with a glue.

Try this R.join example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

join<T>(glue: string, list: T[]): string;
join<T>(glue: string): (list: T[]) => string;

R.join source

export function join(glue, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _list => join(glue, _list)

  return list.join(glue)
}

Tests

import { join } from './join.js'

test('curry', () => {
  expect(join('|')([ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])).toBe('foo|bar|baz')

  expect(join('|', [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toBe('1|2|3')

  const spacer = join(' ')

  expect(spacer([ 'a', 2, 3.4 ])).toBe('a 2 3.4')
})

Typescript test

import {join} from 'rambda'

describe('R.join', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = join('|', [1, 2, 3])
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
})

---------------

juxt


juxt<A extends any[], R1>(fns: [(...a: A) => R1]): (...a: A) => [R1]

It applies list of function to a list of inputs.

Try this R.juxt example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

juxt<A extends any[], R1>(fns: [(...a: A) => R1]): (...a: A) => [R1];
juxt<A extends any[], R1, R2>(fns: [(...a: A) => R1, (...a: A) => R2]): (...a: A) => [R1, R2];
juxt<A extends any[], R1, R2, R3>(fns: [(...a: A) => R1, (...a: A) => R2, (...a: A) => R3]): (...a: A) => [R1, R2, R3];
juxt<A extends any[], R1, R2, R3, R4>(fns: [(...a: A) => R1, (...a: A) => R2, (...a: A) => R3, (...a: A) => R4]): (...a: A) => [R1, R2, R3, R4];
juxt<A extends any[], R1, R2, R3, R4, R5>(fns: [(...a: A) => R1, (...a: A) => R2, (...a: A) => R3, (...a: A) => R4, (...a: A) => R5]): (...a: A) => [R1, R2, R3, R4, R5];
juxt<A extends any[], U>(fns: Array<(...args: A) => U>): (...args: A) => U[];

R.juxt source

export function juxt(listOfFunctions){
  return (...args) => listOfFunctions.map(fn => fn(...args))
}

Tests

import { juxt } from './juxt.js'

test('happy', () => {
  const fn = juxt([ Math.min, Math.max, Math.min ])
  const result = fn(
    3, 4, 9, -3
  )
  expect(result).toEqual([ -3, 9, -3 ])
})

Typescript test

import {juxt} from 'rambda'

describe('R.juxt', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const fn = juxt([Math.min, Math.max])
    const result = fn(3, 4, 9, -3)
    result // $ExpectType [number, number]
  })
})

---------------

keys


keys<T extends object>(x: T): (keyof T)[]

It applies Object.keys over x and returns its keys.

Try this R.keys example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

keys<T extends object>(x: T): (keyof T)[];
keys<T>(x: T): string[];

R.keys source

export function keys(x){
  return Object.keys(x)
}

Tests

import { keys } from './keys.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(keys({ a : 1 })).toEqual([ 'a' ])
})

Typescript test

import {keys} from 'rambda'

const obj = {a: 1, b: 2}

describe('R.keys', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = keys(obj)
    result // $ExpectType ("b" | "a")[]
  })
})

---------------

last


last(str: string): string

It returns the last element of input, as the input can be either a string or an array.

Try this R.last example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

last(str: string): string;
last(emptyList: []): undefined;
last<T extends any>(list: T[]): T | undefined;

R.last source

export function last(listOrString){
  if (typeof listOrString === 'string'){
    return listOrString[ listOrString.length - 1 ] || ''
  }

  return listOrString[ listOrString.length - 1 ]
}

Tests

import { last } from './last.js'

test('with list', () => {
  expect(last([ 1, 2, 3 ])).toBe(3)
  expect(last([])).toBeUndefined()
})

test('with string', () => {
  expect(last('abc')).toBe('c')
  expect(last('')).toBe('')
})

Typescript test

import {last} from 'rambda'

describe('R.last', () => {
  it('string', () => {
    const result = last('foo')
    result // $ExpectType string
  })

  it('array', () => {
    const result = last([1, 2, 3])
    result // $ExpectType number | undefined
  })

  it('empty array - case 1', () => {
    const result = last([])
    result // $ExpectType undefined
  })
  it('empty array - case 2', () => {
    const list = ['foo', 'bar'].filter(x => x.startsWith('a'))
    const result = last(list)
    result // $ExpectType string | undefined
  })
})

---------------

lastIndexOf


lastIndexOf<T>(target: T, list: T[]): number

It returns the last index of target in list array.

R.equals is used to determine equality between target and members of list.

If there is no such index, then -1 is returned.

Try this R.lastIndexOf example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

lastIndexOf<T>(target: T, list: T[]): number;
lastIndexOf<T>(target: T): (list: T[]) => number;

R.lastIndexOf source

import { _lastIndexOf } from './equals.js'

export function lastIndexOf(valueToFind, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _list => _lastIndexOf(valueToFind, _list)
  }

  return _lastIndexOf(valueToFind, list)
}

Tests

import { lastIndexOf as lastIndexOfRamda } from 'ramda'

import { compareCombinations } from './_internals/testUtils.js'
import { possibleIterables, possibleTargets } from './indexOf.spec.js'
import { lastIndexOf } from './lastIndexOf.js'

test('with NaN', () => {
  expect(lastIndexOf(NaN, [ NaN ])).toBe(0)
})

test('will throw with bad input', () => {
  expect(lastIndexOfRamda([], true)).toEqual(-1)
  expect(() => indexOf([], true)).toThrowErrorMatchingInlineSnapshot('"indexOf is not defined"')
})

test('without list of objects - no R.equals', () => {
  expect(lastIndexOf(3, [ 1, 2, 3, 4 ])).toBe(2)
  expect(lastIndexOf(10)([ 1, 2, 3, 4 ])).toEqual(-1)
})

test('list of objects uses R.equals', () => {
  const listOfObjects = [ { a : 1 }, { b : 2 }, { c : 3 } ]
  expect(lastIndexOf({ c : 4 }, listOfObjects)).toBe(-1)
  expect(lastIndexOf({ c : 3 }, listOfObjects)).toBe(2)
})

test('list of arrays uses R.equals', () => {
  const listOfLists = [ [ 1 ], [ 2, 3 ], [ 2, 3, 4 ], [ 2, 3 ], [ 1 ], [] ]
  expect(lastIndexOf([], listOfLists)).toBe(5)
  expect(lastIndexOf([ 1 ], listOfLists)).toBe(4)
  expect(lastIndexOf([ 2, 3, 4 ], listOfLists)).toBe(2)
  expect(lastIndexOf([ 2, 3, 5 ], listOfLists)).toBe(-1)
})

test('with string as iterable', () => {
  expect(() => lastIndexOf('a', 'abc')).toThrowErrorMatchingInlineSnapshot('"Cannot read property \'indexOf\' of abc"')
  expect(lastIndexOfRamda('a', 'abc')).toBe(0)
})

describe('brute force', () => {
  compareCombinations({
    fn          : lastIndexOf,
    fnRamda     : lastIndexOfRamda,
    firstInput  : possibleTargets,
    secondInput : possibleIterables,
    callback    : errorsCounters => {
      expect(errorsCounters).toMatchInlineSnapshot(`
        {
          "ERRORS_MESSAGE_MISMATCH": 0,
          "ERRORS_TYPE_MISMATCH": 34,
          "RESULTS_MISMATCH": 0,
          "SHOULD_NOT_THROW": 51,
          "SHOULD_THROW": 0,
          "TOTAL_TESTS": 170,
        }
      `)
    },
  })
})

Typescript test

import {lastIndexOf} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3]

describe('R.lastIndexOf', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = lastIndexOf(2, list)
    result // $ExpectType number
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = lastIndexOf(2)(list)
    result // $ExpectType number
  })
})

---------------

length


length<T>(input: T[]): number

It returns the length property of list or string input.

Try this R.length example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

length<T>(input: T[]): number;

R.length source

import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'

export function length(x){
  if (isArray(x)) return x.length
  if (typeof x === 'string') return x.length

  return NaN
}

Tests

import { length as lengthRamda } from 'ramda'

import { length } from './length.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(length('foo')).toBe(3)
  expect(length([ 1, 2, 3 ])).toBe(3)
  expect(length([])).toBe(0)
})

test('with empty string', () => {
  expect(length('')).toBe(0)
})

test('with bad input returns NaN', () => {
  expect(length(0)).toBeNaN()
  expect(length({})).toBeNaN()
  expect(length(null)).toBeNaN()
  expect(length(undefined)).toBeNaN()
})

test('with length as property', () => {
  const input1 = { length : '123' }
  const input2 = { length : null }
  const input3 = { length : '' }

  expect(length(input1)).toBeNaN()
  expect(lengthRamda(input1)).toBeNaN()
  expect(length(input2)).toBeNaN()
  expect(lengthRamda(input2)).toBeNaN()
  expect(length(input3)).toBeNaN()
  expect(lengthRamda(input3)).toBeNaN()
})

---------------

lens


lens<T, U, V>(getter: (s: T) => U, setter: (a: U, s: T) => V): Lens

It returns a lens for the given getter and setter functions.

The getter gets the value of the focus; the setter sets the value of the focus.

The setter should not mutate the data structure.

Try this R.lens example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

lens<T, U, V>(getter: (s: T) => U, setter: (a: U, s: T) => V): Lens;

R.lens source

export function lens(getter, setter){
  return function (functor){
    return function (target){
      return functor(getter(target)).map(focus => setter(focus, target))
    }
  }
}

Typescript test

import {lens, assoc} from 'rambda'

interface Input {
  foo: string,
}

describe('R.lens', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const fn = lens<Input, string, string>((x: Input) => {
      x.foo // $ExpectType string
      return x.foo
    }, assoc('name'))
    fn // $ExpectType Lens
  })
})

---------------

lensIndex


lensIndex(index: number): Lens

It returns a lens that focuses on specified index.

Try this R.lensIndex example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

lensIndex(index: number): Lens;

R.lensIndex source

import { lens } from './lens.js'
import { nth } from './nth.js'
import { update } from './update.js'

export function lensIndex(index){
  return lens(nth(index), update(index))
}

Tests

import { compose } from './compose.js'
import { keys } from './keys.js'
import { lensIndex } from './lensIndex.js'
import { over } from './over.js'
import { set } from './set.js'
import { view } from './view.js'

const testList = [ { a : 1 }, { b : 2 }, { c : 3 } ]

test('focuses list element at the specified index', () => {
  expect(view(lensIndex(0), testList)).toEqual({ a : 1 })
})

test('returns undefined if the specified index does not exist', () => {
  expect(view(lensIndex(10), testList)).toBeUndefined()
})

test('sets the list value at the specified index', () => {
  expect(set(
    lensIndex(0), 0, testList
  )).toEqual([ 0, { b : 2 }, { c : 3 } ])
})

test('applies function to the value at the specified list index', () => {
  expect(over(
    lensIndex(2), keys, testList
  )).toEqual([ { a : 1 }, { b : 2 }, [ 'c' ] ])
})

test('can be composed', () => {
  const nestedList = [ 0, [ 10, 11, 12 ], 1, 2 ]
  const composedLens = compose(lensIndex(1), lensIndex(0))

  expect(view(composedLens, nestedList)).toBe(10)
})

test('set s (get s) === s', () => {
  expect(set(
    lensIndex(0), view(lensIndex(0), testList), testList
  )).toEqual(testList)
})

test('get (set s v) === v', () => {
  expect(view(lensIndex(0), set(
    lensIndex(0), 0, testList
  ))).toBe(0)
})

test('get (set(set s v1) v2) === v2', () => {
  expect(view(lensIndex(0),
    set(
      lensIndex(0), 11, set(
        lensIndex(0), 10, testList
      )
    ))).toBe(11)
})

Typescript test

import {view, lensIndex} from 'rambda'

interface Input {
  a: number,
}
const testList: Input[] = [{a: 1}, {a: 2}, {a: 3}]

describe('R.lensIndex', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = view<Input[], Input>(lensIndex(0), testList)
    result // $ExpectType Input
    result.a // $ExpectType number
  })
})

---------------

lensPath


lensPath(path: RamdaPath): Lens

It returns a lens that focuses on specified path.

Try this R.lensPath example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

lensPath(path: RamdaPath): Lens;
lensPath(path: string): Lens;

R.lensPath source

import { assocPath } from './assocPath.js'
import { lens } from './lens.js'
import { path } from './path.js'

export function lensPath(key){
  return lens(path(key), assocPath(key))
}

Tests

import { compose } from './compose.js'
import { identity } from './identity.js'
import { inc } from './inc.js'
import { lensPath } from './lensPath.js'
import { lensProp } from './lensProp.js'
import { over } from './over.js'
import { set } from './set.js'
import { view } from './view.js'

const testObj = {
  a : [ { b : 1 }, { b : 2 } ],
  d : 3,
}

test('view', () => {
  expect(view(lensPath('d'), testObj)).toBe(3)
  expect(view(lensPath('a.0.b'), testObj)).toBe(1)
  // this is different to ramda, as ramda will return a clone of the input object
  expect(view(lensPath(''), testObj)).toBeUndefined()
})

test('set', () => {
  expect(set(
    lensProp('d'), 0, testObj
  )).toEqual({
    a : [ { b : 1 }, { b : 2 } ],
    d : 0,
  })
  expect(set(
    lensPath('a.0.b'), 0, testObj
  )).toEqual({
    a : [ { b : 0 }, { b : 2 } ],
    d : 3,
  })
  expect(set(
    lensPath('a.0.X'), 0, testObj
  )).toEqual({
    a : [
      {
        b : 1,
        X : 0,
      },
      { b : 2 },
    ],
    d : 3,
  })
  expect(set(
    lensPath([]), 0, testObj
  )).toBe(0)
})

test('over', () => {
  expect(over(
    lensPath('d'), inc, testObj
  )).toEqual({
    a : [ { b : 1 }, { b : 2 } ],
    d : 4,
  })
  expect(over(
    lensPath('a.1.b'), inc, testObj
  )).toEqual({
    a : [ { b : 1 }, { b : 3 } ],
    d : 3,
  })
  expect(over(
    lensProp('X'), identity, testObj
  )).toEqual({
    a : [ { b : 1 }, { b : 2 } ],
    d : 3,
    X : undefined,
  })
  expect(over(
    lensPath('a.0.X'), identity, testObj
  )).toEqual({
    a : [
      {
        b : 1,
        X : undefined,
      },
      { b : 2 },
    ],
    d : 3,
  })
})

test('compose', () => {
  const composedLens = compose(lensPath('a'), lensPath('1.b'))
  expect(view(composedLens, testObj)).toBe(2)
})

test('set s (get s) === s', () => {
  expect(set(
    lensPath([ 'd' ]), view(lensPath([ 'd' ]), testObj), testObj
  )).toEqual(testObj)
  expect(set(
    lensPath([ 'a', 0, 'b' ]),
    view(lensPath([ 'a', 0, 'b' ]), testObj),
    testObj
  )).toEqual(testObj)
})

test('get (set s v) === v', () => {
  expect(view(lensPath([ 'd' ]), set(
    lensPath([ 'd' ]), 0, testObj
  ))).toBe(0)
  expect(view(lensPath([ 'a', 0, 'b' ]), set(
    lensPath([ 'a', 0, 'b' ]), 0, testObj
  ))).toBe(0)
})

test('get (set(set s v1) v2) === v2', () => {
  const p = [ 'd' ]
  const q = [ 'a', 0, 'b' ]
  expect(view(lensPath(p), set(
    lensPath(p), 11, set(
      lensPath(p), 10, testObj
    )
  ))).toBe(11)
  expect(view(lensPath(q), set(
    lensPath(q), 11, set(
      lensPath(q), 10, testObj
    )
  ))).toBe(11)
})

Typescript test

import {lensPath, view} from 'rambda'

interface Input {
  foo: number[],
  bar: {
    a: string,
    b: string,
  },
}

const testObject: Input = {
  foo: [1, 2],
  bar: {
    a: 'x',
    b: 'y',
  },
}

const path = lensPath(['bar', 'a'])
const pathAsString = lensPath('bar.a')

describe('R.lensPath', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = view<Input, string>(path, testObject)
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('using string as path input', () => {
    const result = view<Input, string>(pathAsString, testObject)
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
})

---------------

lensProp


lensProp(prop: string): {
  <T, U>(obj: T): U

It returns a lens that focuses on specified property prop.

Try this R.lensProp example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

lensProp(prop: string): {
  <T, U>(obj: T): U;
  set<T, U, V>(val: T, obj: U): V;
};

R.lensProp source

import { assoc } from './assoc.js'
import { lens } from './lens.js'
import { prop } from './prop.js'

export function lensProp(key){
  return lens(prop(key), assoc(key))
}

Tests

import { compose } from './compose.js'
import { identity } from './identity.js'
import { inc } from './inc.js'
import { lensProp } from './lensProp.js'
import { over } from './over.js'
import { set } from './set.js'
import { view } from './view.js'

const testObj = {
  a : 1,
  b : 2,
  c : 3,
}

test('focuses object the specified object property', () => {
  expect(view(lensProp('a'), testObj)).toBe(1)
})

test('returns undefined if the specified property does not exist', () => {
  expect(view(lensProp('X'), testObj)).toBeUndefined()
})

test('sets the value of the object property specified', () => {
  expect(set(
    lensProp('a'), 0, testObj
  )).toEqual({
    a : 0,
    b : 2,
    c : 3,
  })
})

test('adds the property to the object if it doesn\'t exist', () => {
  expect(set(
    lensProp('d'), 4, testObj
  )).toEqual({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
    c : 3,
    d : 4,
  })
})

test('applies function to the value of the specified object property', () => {
  expect(over(
    lensProp('a'), inc, testObj
  )).toEqual({
    a : 2,
    b : 2,
    c : 3,
  })
})

test('applies function to undefined and adds the property if it doesn\'t exist', () => {
  expect(over(
    lensProp('X'), identity, testObj
  )).toEqual({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
    c : 3,
    X : undefined,
  })
})

test('can be composed', () => {
  const nestedObj = {
    a : { b : 1 },
    c : 2,
  }
  const composedLens = compose(lensProp('a'), lensProp('b'))

  expect(view(composedLens, nestedObj)).toBe(1)
})

test('set s (get s) === s', () => {
  expect(set(
    lensProp('a'), view(lensProp('a'), testObj), testObj
  )).toEqual(testObj)
})

test('get (set s v) === v', () => {
  expect(view(lensProp('a'), set(
    lensProp('a'), 0, testObj
  ))).toBe(0)
})

test('get (set(set s v1) v2) === v2', () => {
  expect(view(lensProp('a'),
    set(
      lensProp('a'), 11, set(
        lensProp('a'), 10, testObj
      )
    ))).toBe(11)
})

Typescript test

import {lensProp, view} from 'rambda'

interface Input {
  foo: string,
}

const testObject: Input = {
  foo: 'Led Zeppelin',
}

const lens = lensProp('foo')

describe('R.lensProp', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = view<Input, string>(lens, testObject)
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
})

---------------

map


map<T, U>(fn: ObjectIterator<T, U>, iterable: Dictionary<T>): Dictionary<U>

It returns the result of looping through iterable with fn.

It works with both array and object.

Try this R.map example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

map<T, U>(fn: ObjectIterator<T, U>, iterable: Dictionary<T>): Dictionary<U>;
map<T, U>(fn: Iterator<T, U>, iterable: T[]): U[];
map<T, U>(fn: Iterator<T, U>): (iterable: T[]) => U[];
map<T, U, S>(fn: ObjectIterator<T, U>): (iterable: Dictionary<T>) => Dictionary<U>;
map<T>(fn: Iterator<T, T>): (iterable: T[]) => T[];
map<T>(fn: Iterator<T, T>, iterable: T[]): T[];

R.map source

import { INCORRECT_ITERABLE_INPUT } from './_internals/constants.js'
import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'
import { keys } from './_internals/keys.js'

export function mapArray(
  fn, list, isIndexed = false
){
  let index = 0
  const willReturn = Array(list.length)

  while (index < list.length){
    willReturn[ index ] = isIndexed ? fn(list[ index ], index) : fn(list[ index ])

    index++
  }

  return willReturn
}

export function mapObject(fn, obj){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _obj => mapObject(fn, _obj)
  }
  let index = 0
  const objKeys = keys(obj)
  const len = objKeys.length
  const willReturn = {}

  while (index < len){
    const key = objKeys[ index ]
    willReturn[ key ] = fn(
      obj[ key ], key, obj
    )
    index++
  }

  return willReturn
}

export const mapObjIndexed = mapObject

export function map(fn, iterable){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _iterable => map(fn, _iterable)
  if (!iterable){
    throw new Error(INCORRECT_ITERABLE_INPUT)
  }

  if (isArray(iterable)) return mapArray(fn, iterable)

  return mapObject(fn, iterable)
}

Tests

import { map as mapRamda } from 'ramda'

import { map } from './map.js'

const double = x => x * 2

describe('with array', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    expect(map(double, [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 2, 4, 6 ])
  })

  it('curried', () => {
    expect(map(double)([ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 2, 4, 6 ])
  })
})

describe('with object', () => {
  const obj = {
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  }

  it('happy', () => {
    expect(map(double, obj)).toEqual({
      a : 2,
      b : 4,
    })
  })

  it('property as second and input object as third argument', () => {
    const obj = {
      a : 1,
      b : 2,
    }
    const iterator = (
      val, prop, inputObject
    ) => {
      expect(prop).toBeString()
      expect(inputObject).toEqual(obj)

      return val * 2
    }

    expect(map(iterator)(obj)).toEqual({
      a : 2,
      b : 4,
    })
  })
})

test('bad inputs difference between Ramda and Rambda', () => {
  expect(() => map(double, null)).toThrowErrorMatchingInlineSnapshot('"Incorrect iterable input"')
  expect(() => map(double)(undefined)).toThrowErrorMatchingInlineSnapshot('"Incorrect iterable input"')
  expect(() => mapRamda(double, null)).toThrowErrorMatchingInlineSnapshot('"Cannot read properties of null (reading \'fantasy-land/map\')"')
  expect(() =>
    mapRamda(double, undefined)).toThrowErrorMatchingInlineSnapshot('"Cannot read properties of undefined (reading \'fantasy-land/map\')"')
})

Typescript test

import {map} from 'rambda'

describe('R.map with arrays', () => {
  it('iterable returns the same type as the input', () => {
    const result = map<number>(
      (x: number) => {
        x // $ExpectType number
        return x + 2
      },
      [1, 2, 3]
    )
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('iterable returns the same type as the input - curried', () => {
    const result = map<number>((x: number) => {
      x // $ExpectType number
      return x + 2
    })([1, 2, 3])
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('iterable returns different type as the input', () => {
    const result = map<number, string>(
      (x: number) => {
        x // $ExpectType number
        return String(x)
      },
      [1, 2, 3]
    )
    result // $ExpectType string[]
  })
})

describe('R.map with objects', () => {
  it('iterable with all three arguments - curried', () => {
    // It requires dummy third typing argument
    // in order to identify compared to curry typings for arrays
    // ============================================
    const result = map<number, string, any>((a, b, c) => {
      a // $ExpectType number
      b // $ExpectType string
      c // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>
      return `${a}`
    })({a: 1, b: 2})
    result // $ExpectType Dictionary<string>
  })
  it('iterable with all three arguments', () => {
    const result = map<number, string>(
      (a, b, c) => {
        a // $ExpectType number
        b // $ExpectType string
        c // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>
        return `${a}`
      },
      {a: 1, b: 2}
    )
    result // $ExpectType Dictionary<string>
  })
  it('iterable with property argument', () => {
    const result = map<number, string>(
      (a, b) => {
        a // $ExpectType number
        b // $ExpectType string
        return `${a}`
      },
      {a: 1, b: 2}
    )
    result // $ExpectType Dictionary<string>
  })
  it('iterable with no property argument', () => {
    const result = map<number, string>(
      a => {
        a // $ExpectType number
        return `${a}`
      },
      {a: 1, b: 2}
    )
    result // $ExpectType Dictionary<string>
  })
})

---------------

mapObjIndexed


mapObjIndexed<T>(fn: ObjectIterator<T, T>, iterable: Dictionary<T>): Dictionary<T>

It works the same way as R.map does for objects. It is added as Ramda also has this method.

Try this R.mapObjIndexed example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

mapObjIndexed<T>(fn: ObjectIterator<T, T>, iterable: Dictionary<T>): Dictionary<T>;
mapObjIndexed<T, U>(fn: ObjectIterator<T, U>, iterable: Dictionary<T>): Dictionary<U>;
mapObjIndexed<T>(fn: ObjectIterator<T, T>): (iterable: Dictionary<T>) => Dictionary<T>;
mapObjIndexed<T, U>(fn: ObjectIterator<T, U>): (iterable: Dictionary<T>) => Dictionary<U>;

Typescript test

import {mapObjIndexed} from 'rambda'

const obj = {a: 1, b: 2, c: 3}

describe('R.mapObjIndexed', () => {
  it('without type transform', () => {
    const result = mapObjIndexed((x, prop, obj) => {
      x // $ExpectType number
      prop // $ExpectType string
      obj // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>
      return x + 2
    }, obj)
    result // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>
  })
  it('without type transform - curried', () => {
    const result = mapObjIndexed<number>((x, prop, obj) => {
      x // $ExpectType number
      prop // $ExpectType string
      obj // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>
      return x + 2
    })(obj)
    result // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>
  })
  it('change of type', () => {
    const result = mapObjIndexed((x, prop, obj) => {
      x // $ExpectType number
      prop // $ExpectType string
      obj // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>
      return String(x + 2)
    }, obj)
    result // $ExpectType Dictionary<string>
  })
  it('change of type - curried', () => {
    const result = mapObjIndexed<number, string>((x, prop, obj) => {
      x // $ExpectType number
      prop // $ExpectType string
      obj // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>
      return String(x + 2)
    })(obj)
    result // $ExpectType Dictionary<string>
  })
})

---------------

match


match(regExpression: RegExp, str: string): string[]

Curried version of String.prototype.match which returns empty array, when there is no match.

Try this R.match example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

match(regExpression: RegExp, str: string): string[];
match(regExpression: RegExp): (str: string) => string[];

R.match source

export function match(pattern, input){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _input => match(pattern, _input)

  const willReturn = input.match(pattern)

  return willReturn === null ? [] : willReturn
}

Tests

import { equals } from './equals.js'
import { match } from './match.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(match(/a./g)('foo bar baz')).toEqual([ 'ar', 'az' ])
})

test('fallback', () => {
  expect(match(/a./g)('foo')).toEqual([])
})

test('with string', () => {
  expect(match('a', 'foo')).toEqual([])
  expect(equals(match('o', 'foo'), [ 'o' ])).toBeTrue()
})

test('throwing', () => {
  expect(() => {
    match(/a./g, null)
  }).toThrowErrorMatchingInlineSnapshot('"Cannot read properties of null (reading \'match\')"')
})

Typescript test

import {match} from 'rambda'

const str = 'foo bar'

describe('R.match', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = match(/foo/, str)
    result // $ExpectType string[]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = match(/foo/)(str)
    result // $ExpectType string[]
  })
})

---------------

mathMod

R.mathMod behaves like the modulo operator should mathematically, unlike the % operator (and by extension, R.modulo). So while -17 % 5 is -2, mathMod(-17, 5) is 3.

Try this R.mathMod example in Rambda REPL

---------------

max

It returns the greater value between x and y.

Try this R.max example in Rambda REPL

---------------

maxBy

It returns the greater value between x and y according to compareFn function.

Try this R.maxBy example in Rambda REPL

---------------

mean


mean(list: number[]): number

It returns the mean value of list input.

Try this R.mean example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

mean(list: number[]): number;

R.mean source

import { sum } from './sum.js'

export function mean(list){
  return sum(list) / list.length
}

Tests

import { mean } from './mean.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(mean([ 2, 7 ])).toBe(4.5)
})

test('with NaN', () => {
  expect(mean([])).toBeNaN()
})

Typescript test

import {mean} from 'rambda'

describe('R.mean', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = mean([1, 2, 3])

    result // $ExpectType number
  })
})

---------------

median


median(list: number[]): number

It returns the median value of list input.

Try this R.median example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

median(list: number[]): number;

R.median source

import { mean } from './mean.js'

export function median(list){
  const len = list.length
  if (len === 0) return NaN
  const width = 2 - len % 2
  const idx = (len - width) / 2

  return mean(Array.prototype.slice
    .call(list, 0)
    .sort((a, b) => {
      if (a === b) return 0

      return a < b ? -1 : 1
    })
    .slice(idx, idx + width))
}

Tests

import { median } from './median.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(median([ 2 ])).toBe(2)
  expect(median([ 7, 2, 10, 2, 9 ])).toBe(7)
})

test('with empty array', () => {
  expect(median([])).toBeNaN()
})

Typescript test

import {median} from 'rambda'

describe('R.median', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = median([1, 2, 3])

    result // $ExpectType number
  })
})

---------------

merge

Same as R.mergeRight.

---------------

mergeAll


mergeAll<T>(list: object[]): T

It merges all objects of list array sequentially and returns the result.

Try this R.mergeAll example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

mergeAll<T>(list: object[]): T;
mergeAll(list: object[]): object;

R.mergeAll source

import { map } from './map.js'
import { mergeRight } from './mergeRight.js'

export function mergeAll(arr){
  let willReturn = {}
  map(val => {
    willReturn = mergeRight(willReturn, val)
  }, arr)

  return willReturn
}

Tests

import { mergeAll } from './mergeAll.js'

test('case 1', () => {
  const arr = [ { a : 1 }, { b : 2 }, { c : 3 } ]
  const expectedResult = {
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
    c : 3,
  }
  expect(mergeAll(arr)).toEqual(expectedResult)
})

test('case 2', () => {
  expect(mergeAll([ { foo : 1 }, { bar : 2 }, { baz : 3 } ])).toEqual({
    foo : 1,
    bar : 2,
    baz : 3,
  })
})

Typescript test

import {mergeAll} from 'rambda'

describe('R.mergeAll', () => {
  it('with passing type', () => {
    interface Output {
      foo: number,
      bar: number,
    }
    const result = mergeAll<Output>([{foo: 1}, {bar: 2}])
    result.foo // $ExpectType number
    result.bar // $ExpectType number
  })

  it('without passing type', () => {
    const result = mergeAll([{foo: 1}, {bar: 2}])
    result // $ExpectType unknown
  })
})

---------------

mergeDeepRight


mergeDeepRight<Output>(target: object, newProps: object): Output

Creates a new object with the own properties of the first object merged with the own properties of the second object. If a key exists in both objects:

  • and both values are objects, the two values will be recursively merged
  • otherwise the value from the second object will be used.

All Typescript definitions

mergeDeepRight<Output>(target: object, newProps: object): Output;
mergeDeepRight<Output>(target: object): (newProps: object) => Output;

R.mergeDeepRight source

import { clone } from './clone.js'
import { type } from './type.js'

export function mergeDeepRight(target, source){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return sourceHolder => mergeDeepRight(target, sourceHolder)
  }

  const willReturn = clone(target)

  Object.keys(source).forEach(key => {
    if (type(source[ key ]) === 'Object'){
      if (type(target[ key ]) === 'Object'){
        willReturn[ key ] = mergeDeepRight(target[ key ], source[ key ])
      } else {
        willReturn[ key ] = source[ key ]
      }
    } else {
      willReturn[ key ] = source[ key ]
    }
  })

  return willReturn
}

Tests

import { mergeDeepRight as mergeDeepRightRamda } from 'ramda'

import { mergeDeepRight } from './mergeDeepRight.js'

const student = {
  name    : 'foo',
  age     : 10,
  contact : {
    a     : 1,
    email : '[email protected]',
  },
}
const teacher = {
  age     : 40,
  contact : { email : '[email protected]' },
  songs   : { title : 'Remains the same' },
}

test('happy', () => {
  const result = mergeDeepRight(student, teacher)
  const curryResult = mergeDeepRight(student)(teacher)
  const expected = {
    age     : 40,
    name    : 'foo',
    contact : {
      a     : 1,
      email : '[email protected]',
    },
    songs : { title : 'Remains the same' },
  }

  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
  expect(curryResult).toEqual(expected)
})

test('issue 650', () => {
  expect(Object.keys(mergeDeepRight({ a : () => {} }, { b : () => {} }))).toEqual([
    'a',
    'b',
  ])
})

test('ramda compatible test 1', () => {
  const a = {
    w : 1,
    x : 2,
    y : { z : 3 },
  }
  const b = {
    a : 4,
    b : 5,
    c : { d : 6 },
  }
  const result = mergeDeepRight(a, b)
  const expected = {
    w : 1,
    x : 2,
    y : { z : 3 },
    a : 4,
    b : 5,
    c : { d : 6 },
  }

  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
})

test('ramda compatible test 2', () => {
  const a = {
    a : {
      b : 1,
      c : 2,
    },
    y : 0,
  }
  const b = {
    a : {
      b : 3,
      d : 4,
    },
    z : 0,
  }
  const result = mergeDeepRight(a, b)
  const expected = {
    a : {
      b : 3,
      c : 2,
      d : 4,
    },
    y : 0,
    z : 0,
  }

  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
})

test('ramda compatible test 3', () => {
  const a = {
    w : 1,
    x : { y : 2 },
  }
  const result = mergeDeepRight(a, { x : { y : 3 } })
  const expected = {
    w : 1,
    x : { y : 3 },
  }
  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
})

test('functions are not discarded', () => {
  const obj = { foo : () => {} }
  expect(typeof mergeDeepRight(obj, {}).foo).toBe('function')
})

Typescript test

import {mergeDeepRight} from 'rambda'

interface Output {
  foo: {
    bar: number,
  },
}

describe('R.mergeDeepRight', () => {
  const result = mergeDeepRight<Output>({foo: {bar: 1}}, {foo: {bar: 2}})
  result.foo.bar // $ExpectType number
})

---------------

mergeLeft


mergeLeft<Output>(newProps: object, target: object): Output

Same as R.merge, but in opposite direction.

Try this R.mergeLeft example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

mergeLeft<Output>(newProps: object, target: object): Output;
mergeLeft<Output>(newProps: object): (target: object) => Output;

R.mergeLeft source

import { mergeRight } from './mergeRight.js'

export function mergeLeft(x, y){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _y => mergeLeft(x, _y)

  return mergeRight(y, x)
}

Tests

import { mergeLeft } from './mergeLeft.js'

const obj = {
  foo : 1,
  bar : 2,
}

test('happy', () => {
  expect(mergeLeft({ bar : 20 }, obj)).toEqual({
    foo : 1,
    bar : 20,
  })
})

test('curry', () => {
  expect(mergeLeft({ baz : 3 })(obj)).toEqual({
    foo : 1,
    bar : 2,
    baz : 3,
  })
})

test('when undefined or null instead of object', () => {
  expect(mergeLeft(null, undefined)).toEqual({})
  expect(mergeLeft(obj, null)).toEqual(obj)
  expect(mergeLeft(obj, undefined)).toEqual(obj)
  expect(mergeLeft(undefined, obj)).toEqual(obj)
})

Typescript test

import {mergeLeft} from 'rambda'

interface Output {
  foo: number,
  bar: number,
}

describe('R.mergeLeft', () => {
  const result = mergeLeft<Output>({foo: 1}, {bar: 2})
  const curriedResult = mergeLeft<Output>({foo: 1})({bar: 2})

  result.foo // $ExpectType number
  result.bar // $ExpectType number
  curriedResult.bar // $ExpectType number
})

---------------

mergeRight

It creates a copy of target object with overidden newProps properties. Previously known as R.merge but renamed after Ramda did the same.

Try this R.mergeRight example in Rambda REPL

---------------

mergeWith


mergeWith(fn: (x: any, z: any) => any, a: Record<string, unknown>, b: Record<string, unknown>): Record<string, unknown>

It takes two objects and a function, which will be used when there is an overlap between the keys.

Try this R.mergeWith example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

mergeWith(fn: (x: any, z: any) => any, a: Record<string, unknown>, b: Record<string, unknown>): Record<string, unknown>;
mergeWith<Output>(fn: (x: any, z: any) => any, a: Record<string, unknown>, b: Record<string, unknown>): Output;
mergeWith(fn: (x: any, z: any) => any, a: Record<string, unknown>): (b: Record<string, unknown>) => Record<string, unknown>;
mergeWith<Output>(fn: (x: any, z: any) => any, a: Record<string, unknown>): (b: Record<string, unknown>) => Output;
mergeWith(fn: (x: any, z: any) => any): <U, V>(a: U, b: V) => Record<string, unknown>;
mergeWith<Output>(fn: (x: any, z: any) => any): <U, V>(a: U, b: V) => Output;

R.mergeWith source

import { curry } from './curry.js'

function mergeWithFn(
  mergeFn, a, b
){
  const willReturn = {}

  Object.keys(a).forEach(key => {
    if (b[ key ] === undefined){
      willReturn[ key ] = a[ key ]
    } else {
      willReturn[ key ] = mergeFn(a[ key ], b[ key ])
    }
  })

  Object.keys(b).forEach(key => {
    if (willReturn[ key ] !== undefined) return

    if (a[ key ] === undefined){
      willReturn[ key ] = b[ key ]
    } else {
      willReturn[ key ] = mergeFn(a[ key ], b[ key ])
    }
  })

  return willReturn
}

export const mergeWith = curry(mergeWithFn)

Tests

import { concat } from './concat.js'
import { mergeWith } from './mergeWith.js'

test('happy', () => {
  const result = mergeWith(
    concat,
    {
      a      : true,
      values : [ 10, 20 ],
    },
    {
      b      : true,
      values : [ 15, 35 ],
    }
  )
  const expected = {
    a      : true,
    values : [ 10, 20, 15, 35 ],
    b      : true,
  }
  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
})

Typescript test

import {concat, mergeWith} from 'rambda'

interface Output {
  a: boolean,
  b: boolean,
  values: number[],
}
const A = {
  a: true,
  values: [10, 20],
}
const B = {
  b: true,
  values: [15, 35],
}

describe('R.mergeWith', () => {
  test('no curry | without explicit types', () => {
    const result = mergeWith(concat, A, B)
    result // $ExpectType Record<string, unknown>
  })
  test('no curry | with explicit types', () => {
    const result = mergeWith<Output>(concat, A, B)
    result // $ExpectType Output
  })
  test('curry 1 | without explicit types', () => {
    const result = mergeWith(concat, A)(B)
    result // $ExpectType Record<string, unknown>
  })
  test('curry 1 | with explicit types', () => {
    const result = mergeWith<Output>(concat, A)(B)
    result // $ExpectType Output
  })
  test('curry 2 | without explicit types', () => {
    const result = mergeWith(concat)(A, B)
    result // $ExpectType Record<string, unknown>
  })
  test('curry 2 | with explicit types', () => {
    const result = mergeWith<Output>(concat)(A, B)
    result // $ExpectType Output
  })
})

---------------

min

It returns the lesser value between x and y.

Try this R.min example in Rambda REPL

---------------

minBy

It returns the lesser value between x and y according to compareFn function.

Try this R.minBy example in Rambda REPL

---------------

modify


modify<T extends object, K extends keyof T, P>(
  prop: K,
  fn: (a: T[K]) => P,
  obj: T,
): Omit<T, K> & Record<K, P>

Try this R.modify example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

modify<T extends object, K extends keyof T, P>(
  prop: K,
  fn: (a: T[K]) => P,
  obj: T,
): Omit<T, K> & Record<K, P>;
modify<K extends string, A, P>(
  prop: K,
  fn: (a: A) => P,
): <T extends Record<K, A>>(target: T) => Omit<T, K> & Record<K, P>;

R.modify source

import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'
import { isIterable } from './_internals/isIterable.js'
import { curry } from './curry.js'
import { updateFn } from './update.js'

function modifyFn(
  property, fn, iterable
){
  if (!isIterable(iterable)) return iterable
  if (iterable[ property ] === undefined) return iterable
  if (isArray(iterable)){
    return updateFn(
      property, fn(iterable[ property ]), iterable
    )
  }

  return {
    ...iterable,
    [ property ] : fn(iterable[ property ]),
  }
}

export const modify = curry(modifyFn)

Tests

import { modify as modifyRamda } from 'ramda'

import { compareCombinations, FALSY_VALUES } from './_internals/testUtils.js'
import { add } from './add.js'
import { compose } from './compose.js'
import { modify } from './modify.js'

const person = {
  name : 'foo',
  age  : 20,
}

test('happy', () => {
  expect(modify(
    'age', x => x + 1, person
  )).toEqual({
    name : 'foo',
    age  : 21,
  })
})

test('property is missing', () => {
  expect(modify(
    'foo', x => x + 1, person
  )).toEqual(person)
})

test('adjust if `array` at the given key with the `transformation` function', () => {
  expect(modify(
    1, add(1), [ 100, 1400 ]
  )).toEqual([ 100, 1401 ])
})

describe('ignores transformations if the input value is not Array and Object', () => {
  ;[ 42, undefined, null, '' ].forEach(value => {
    it(`${ value }`, () => {
      expect(modify(
        'a', add(1), value
      )).toEqual(value)
    })
  })
})

const possibleProperties = [ ...FALSY_VALUES, 'foo', 0 ]
const possibleTransformers = [
  ...FALSY_VALUES,
  add(1),
  add('foo'),
  compose,
  String,
]
const possibleObjects = [
  ...FALSY_VALUES,
  {},
  [ 1, 2, 3 ],
  {
    a   : 1,
    foo : 2,
  },
  {
    a   : 1,
    foo : [ 1 ],
  },
  {
    a   : 1,
    foo : 'bar',
  },
]

describe('brute force', () => {
  compareCombinations({
    fn          : modify,
    fnRamda     : modifyRamda,
    firstInput  : possibleProperties,
    secondInput : possibleTransformers,
    thirdInput  : possibleObjects,
    callback    : errorsCounters => {
      expect(errorsCounters).toMatchInlineSnapshot(`
        {
          "ERRORS_MESSAGE_MISMATCH": 0,
          "ERRORS_TYPE_MISMATCH": 0,
          "RESULTS_MISMATCH": 0,
          "SHOULD_NOT_THROW": 0,
          "SHOULD_THROW": 0,
          "TOTAL_TESTS": 630,
        }
      `)
    },
  })
})

Typescript test

import {modify, add} from 'rambda'
const person = {name: 'James', age: 20}

describe('R.modify', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const {age} = modify('age', add(1), person)
    const {age: ageAsString} = modify('age', String, person)

    age // $ExpectType number
    ageAsString // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const {age} = modify('age', add(1))(person)

    age // $ExpectType number
  })
})

---------------

modifyPath


modifyPath<T extends Record<string, unknown>>(path: Path, fn: (x: any) => unknown, object: Record<string, unknown>): T

It changes a property of object on the base of provided path and transformer function.

Try this R.modifyPath example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

modifyPath<T extends Record<string, unknown>>(path: Path, fn: (x: any) => unknown, object: Record<string, unknown>): T;
modifyPath<T extends Record<string, unknown>>(path: Path, fn: (x: any) => unknown): (object: Record<string, unknown>) => T;
modifyPath<T extends Record<string, unknown>>(path: Path): (fn: (x: any) => unknown) => (object: Record<string, unknown>) => T;

R.modifyPath source

import { createPath } from './_internals/createPath.js'
import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'
import { assoc } from './assoc.js'
import { curry } from './curry.js'
import { path as pathModule } from './path.js'

export function modifyPathFn(
  pathInput, fn, object
){
  const path = createPath(pathInput)
  if (path.length === 1){
    return {
      ...object,
      [ path[ 0 ] ] : fn(object[ path[ 0 ] ]),
    }
  }
  if (pathModule(path, object) === undefined) return object

  const val = modifyPath(
    Array.prototype.slice.call(path, 1),
    fn,
    object[ path[ 0 ] ]
  )
  if (val === object[ path[ 0 ] ]){
    return object
  }

  return assoc(
    path[ 0 ], val, object
  )
}

export const modifyPath = curry(modifyPathFn)

Tests

import { modifyPath } from './modifyPath.js'

test('happy', () => {
  const result = modifyPath(
    'a.b.c', x => x + 1, { a : { b : { c : 1 } } }
  )
  expect(result).toEqual({ a : { b : { c : 2 } } })
})

test('with array', () => {
  const input = { foo : [ { bar : '123' } ] }
  const result = modifyPath(
    'foo.0.bar', x => x + 'foo', input
  )
  expect(result).toEqual({ foo : { 0 : { bar : '123foo' } } })
})

Typescript test

import {modifyPath} from 'rambda'

const obj = {a: {b: {c: 1}}}

describe('R.modifyPath', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = modifyPath('a.b.c', (x: number) => x + 1, obj)
    result // $ExpectType Record<string, unknown>
  })
  it('explicit return type', () => {
    interface Foo extends Record<string, unknown> {
      a: 1,
    }
    const result = modifyPath<Foo>('a.b.c', (x: number) => x + 1, obj)
    result // $ExpectType Foo
  })
})

---------------

modulo

Curried version of x%y.

Try this R.modulo example in Rambda REPL

---------------

move

It returns a copy of list with exchanged fromIndex and toIndex elements.

Try this R.move example in Rambda REPL

---------------

multiply

Curried version of x*y.

Try this R.multiply example in Rambda REPL

---------------

negate

Try this R.negate example in Rambda REPL

---------------

none


none<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): boolean

It returns true, if all members of array list returns false, when applied as argument to predicate function.

Try this R.none example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

none<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, list: T[]): boolean;
none<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean): (list: T[]) => boolean;

R.none source

export function none(predicate, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _list => none(predicate, _list)

  for (let i = 0; i < list.length; i++){
    if (predicate(list[ i ])) return false
  }

  return true
}

Tests

import { none } from './none.js'

const isEven = n => n % 2 === 0

test('when true', () => {
  expect(none(isEven, [ 1, 3, 5, 7 ])).toBeTrue()
})

test('when false curried', () => {
  expect(none(input => input > 1, [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toBeFalse()
})

Typescript test

import {none} from 'rambda'

describe('R.none', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = none(
      x => {
        x // $ExpectType number
        return x > 0
      },
      [1, 2, 3]
    )
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('curried needs a type', () => {
    const result = none<number>(x => {
      x // $ExpectType number
      return x > 0
    })([1, 2, 3])
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

nop


nop(): void

It returns undefined.

Try this R.nop example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

nop(): void;

R.nop source

export function nop(){}

Tests

import { nop } from './nop.js'

test('call', () => {
  expect(nop).not.toThrow()
})

Typescript test

import {nop} from 'rambda'

describe('R.nop', () => {
  it('call', () => {
    const result = nop()
    result // $ExpectType void
  })
})

---------------

not


not(input: any): boolean

It returns a boolean negated version of input.

Try this R.not example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

not(input: any): boolean;

R.not source

export function not(input){
  return !input
}

Tests

import { not } from './not.js'

test('not', () => {
  expect(not(false)).toBeTrue()
  expect(not(true)).toBeFalse()
  expect(not(0)).toBeTrue()
  expect(not(1)).toBeFalse()
})

Typescript test

import {not} from 'rambda'

describe('R.not', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = not(4)

    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

nth


nth(index: number, input: string): string

Curried version of input[index].

Try this R.nth example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

nth(index: number, input: string): string;  
nth<T>(index: number, input: T[]): T | undefined;   
nth(n: number): {
  <T>(input: T[]): T | undefined;
  (input: string): string;
};

R.nth source

export function nth(index, input){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _input => nth(index, _input)

  const idx = index < 0 ? input.length + index : index

  return Object.prototype.toString.call(input) === '[object String]' ?
    input.charAt(idx) :
    input[ idx ]
}

Tests

import { nth } from './nth.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(nth(2, [ 1, 2, 3, 4 ])).toBe(3)
})

test('with curry', () => {
  expect(nth(2)([ 1, 2, 3, 4 ])).toBe(3)
})

test('with string and correct index', () => {
  expect(nth(2)('foo')).toBe('o')
})

test('with string and invalid index', () => {
  expect(nth(20)('foo')).toBe('')
})

test('with negative index', () => {
  expect(nth(-3)([ 1, 2, 3, 4 ])).toBe(2)
})

Typescript test

import {nth} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3]

describe('R.nth', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = nth(4, list)

    result // $ExpectType number | undefined
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = nth(1)(list)

    result // $ExpectType number | undefined
  })
})

describe('R.nth - string', () => {
  const str = 'abc'
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = nth(4, str)

    result // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = nth(1)(str)

    result // $ExpectType string
  })
})

---------------

objOf

It creates an object with a single key-value pair.

Try this R.objOf example in Rambda REPL

---------------

of


of<T>(x: T): T[]

Try this R.of example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

of<T>(x: T): T[];

R.of source

export function of(value){
  return [ value ]
}

Tests

import { of } from './of.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(of(3)).toEqual([ 3 ])

  expect(of(null)).toEqual([ null ])
})

Typescript test

import {of} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3]

describe('R.of', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = of(4)

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = of(list)

    result // $ExpectType number[][]
  })
})

---------------

omit


omit<T, K extends string>(propsToOmit: K[], obj: T): Omit<T, K>

It returns a partial copy of an obj without propsToOmit properties.

Try this R.omit example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

omit<T, K extends string>(propsToOmit: K[], obj: T): Omit<T, K>;
omit<K extends string>(propsToOmit: K[]): <T>(obj: T) => Omit<T, K>;
omit<T, U>(propsToOmit: string, obj: T): U;
omit<T, U>(propsToOmit: string): (obj: T) => U;
omit<T>(propsToOmit: string, obj: object): T;
omit<T>(propsToOmit: string): (obj: object) => T;

R.omit source

import { createPath } from './_internals/createPath.js'

export function omit(propsToOmit, obj){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _obj => omit(propsToOmit, _obj)

  if (obj === null || obj === undefined){
    return undefined
  }

  const propsToOmitValue = createPath(propsToOmit, ',')
  const willReturn = {}

  for (const key in obj){
    if (!propsToOmitValue.includes(key)){
      willReturn[ key ] = obj[ key ]
    }
  }

  return willReturn
}

Tests

import { omit } from './omit.js'

test('with string as condition', () => {
  const obj = {
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
    c : 3,
  }
  const result = omit('a,c', obj)
  const resultCurry = omit('a,c')(obj)
  const expectedResult = { b : 2 }

  expect(result).toEqual(expectedResult)
  expect(resultCurry).toEqual(expectedResult)
})

test('with null', () => {
  expect(omit('a,b', null)).toBeUndefined()
})

test('doesn\'t work with number as property', () => {
  expect(omit([ 42 ], {
    a  : 1,
    42 : 2,
  })).toEqual({
    42 : 2,
    a  : 1,
  })
})

test('happy', () => {
  expect(omit([ 'a', 'c' ])({
    a : 'foo',
    b : 'bar',
    c : 'baz',
  })).toEqual({ b : 'bar' })
})

Typescript test

import {omit} from 'rambda'

describe('R.omit with array as props input', () => {
  it('allow Typescript to infer object type', () => {
    const input = {a: 'foo', b: 2, c: 3, d: 4}
    const result = omit(['b,c'], input)

    result.a // $ExpectType string
    result.d // $ExpectType number

    const curriedResult = omit(['a,c'], input)

    curriedResult.a // $ExpectType string
    curriedResult.d // $ExpectType number
  })

  it('declare type of input object', () => {
    interface Input {
      a: string,
      b: number,
      c: number,
      d: number,
    }
    const input: Input = {a: 'foo', b: 2, c: 3, d: 4}
    const result = omit(['b,c'], input)
    result // $ExpectType Omit<Input, "b,c">

    result.a // $ExpectType string
    result.d // $ExpectType number

    const curriedResult = omit(['a,c'], input)

    curriedResult.a // $ExpectType string
    curriedResult.d // $ExpectType number
  })
})

describe('R.omit with string as props input', () => {
  interface Output {
    b: number,
    d: number,
  }

  it('explicitly declare output', () => {
    const result = omit<Output>('a,c', {a: 1, b: 2, c: 3, d: 4})
    result // $ExpectType Output
    result.b // $ExpectType number

    const curriedResult = omit<Output>('a,c')({a: 1, b: 2, c: 3, d: 4})

    curriedResult.b // $ExpectType number
  })

  it('explicitly declare input and output', () => {
    interface Input {
      a: number,
      b: number,
      c: number,
      d: number,
    }
    const result = omit<Input, Output>('a,c', {a: 1, b: 2, c: 3, d: 4})
    result // $ExpectType Output
    result.b // $ExpectType number

    const curriedResult = omit<Input, Output>('a,c')({
      a: 1,
      b: 2,
      c: 3,
      d: 4,
    })

    curriedResult.b // $ExpectType number
  })

  it('without passing type', () => {
    const result = omit('a,c', {a: 1, b: 2, c: 3, d: 4})
    result // $ExpectType unknown
  })
})

---------------

on

It passes the two inputs through unaryFn and then the results are passed as inputs the the binaryFn to receive the final result(binaryFn(unaryFn(FIRST_INPUT), unaryFn(SECOND_INPUT))).

This method is also known as P combinator.

Try this R.on example in Rambda REPL

---------------

once


once<T extends AnyFunction>(func: T): T

It returns a function, which invokes only once fn function.

Try this R.once example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

once<T extends AnyFunction>(func: T): T;

R.once source

import { curry } from './curry.js'

function onceFn(fn, context){
  let result

  return function (){
    if (fn){
      result = fn.apply(context || this, arguments)
      fn = null
    }

    return result
  }
}

export function once(fn, context){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    const wrap = onceFn(fn, context)

    return curry(wrap)
  }

  return onceFn(fn, context)
}

Tests

import { once } from './once.js'

test('with counter', () => {
  let counter = 0
  const runOnce = once(x => {
    counter++

    return x + 2
  })
  expect(runOnce(1)).toBe(3)
  runOnce(1)
  runOnce(1)
  runOnce(1)
  expect(counter).toBe(1)
})

test('happy path', () => {
  const addOneOnce = once((
    a, b, c
  ) => a + b + c, 1)

  expect(addOneOnce(
    10, 20, 30
  )).toBe(60)
  expect(addOneOnce(40)).toBe(60)
})

Typescript test

import {once} from 'rambda'

describe('R.once', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const runOnce = once((x: number) => {
      return x + 2
    })

    const result = runOnce(1)
    result // $ExpectType number
  })
})

---------------

or

Logical OR

Try this R.or example in Rambda REPL

---------------

over


over<T>(lens: Lens, fn: Arity1Fn, value: T): T

It returns a copied Object or Array with modified value received by applying function fn to lens focus.

Try this R.over example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

over<T>(lens: Lens, fn: Arity1Fn, value: T): T;
over<T>(lens: Lens, fn: Arity1Fn, value: T[]): T[];
over(lens: Lens, fn: Arity1Fn): <T>(value: T) => T;
over(lens: Lens, fn: Arity1Fn): <T>(value: T[]) => T[];
over(lens: Lens): <T>(fn: Arity1Fn, value: T) => T;
over(lens: Lens): <T>(fn: Arity1Fn, value: T[]) => T[];

R.over source

import { curry } from './curry.js'

const Identity = x => ({
  x,
  map : fn => Identity(fn(x)),
})

function overFn(
  lens, fn, object
){
  return lens(x => Identity(fn(x)))(object).x
}

export const over = curry(overFn)

Tests

import { assoc } from './assoc.js'
import { lens } from './lens.js'
import { lensIndex } from './lensIndex.js'
import { lensPath } from './lensPath.js'
import { over } from './over.js'
import { prop } from './prop.js'
import { toUpper } from './toUpper.js'

const testObject = {
  foo : 'bar',
  baz : {
    a : 'x',
    b : 'y',
  },
}

test('assoc lens', () => {
  const assocLens = lens(prop('foo'), assoc('foo'))
  const result = over(
    assocLens, toUpper, testObject
  )
  const expected = {
    ...testObject,
    foo : 'BAR',
  }
  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
})

test('path lens', () => {
  const pathLens = lensPath('baz.a')
  const result = over(
    pathLens, toUpper, testObject
  )
  const expected = {
    ...testObject,
    baz : {
      a : 'X',
      b : 'y',
    },
  }
  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
})

test('index lens', () => {
  const indexLens = lensIndex(0)
  const result = over(indexLens, toUpper)([ 'foo', 'bar' ])
  expect(result).toEqual([ 'FOO', 'bar' ])
})

---------------

partial


partial<V0, V1, T>(fn: (x0: V0, x1: V1) => T, args: [V0]): (x1: V1) => T

It is very similar to R.curry, but you can pass initial arguments when you create the curried function.

R.partial will keep returning a function until all the arguments that the function fn expects are passed. The name comes from the fact that you partially inject the inputs.

Try this R.partial example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

partial<V0, V1, T>(fn: (x0: V0, x1: V1) => T, args: [V0]): (x1: V1) => T;
partial<V0, V1, V2, T>(fn: (x0: V0, x1: V1, x2: V2) => T, args: [V0, V1]): (x2: V2) => T;
partial<V0, V1, V2, T>(fn: (x0: V0, x1: V1, x2: V2) => T, args: [V0]): (x1: V1, x2: V2) => T;
partial<V0, V1, V2, V3, T>(fn: (x0: V0, x1: V1, x2: V2, x3: V3) => T, args: [V0, V1, V2]): (x2: V3) => T;
partial<V0, V1, V2, V3, T>(fn: (x0: V0, x1: V1, x2: V2, x3: V3) => T, args: [V0, V1]): (x2: V2, x3: V3) => T;
partial<V0, V1, V2, V3, T>(fn: (x0: V0, x1: V1, x2: V2, x3: V3) => T, args: [V0]): (x1: V1, x2: V2, x3: V3) => T;
partial<T>(fn: (...a: any[]) => T, args: any[]): (...x: any[]) => T;

R.partial source

export function partial(fn, ...args){
  const len = fn.length

  return (...rest) => {
    if (args.length + rest.length >= len){
      return fn(...args, ...rest)
    }

    return partial(fn, ...[ ...args, ...rest ])
  }
}

Tests

import { partial } from './partial.js'
import { type } from './type.js'

const greet = (
  salutation, title, firstName, lastName
) =>
  salutation + ', ' + title + ' ' + firstName + ' ' + lastName + '!'

test('happy', () => {
  const canPassAnyNumberOfArguments = partial(
    greet, 'Hello', 'Ms.'
  )
  const fn = canPassAnyNumberOfArguments('foo')
  const sayHello = partial(greet, [ 'Hello' ])
  const sayHelloRamda = partial(sayHello, [ 'Ms.' ])

  expect(type(fn)).toBe('Function')

  expect(fn('bar')).toBe('Hello, Ms. foo bar!')
  expect(sayHelloRamda('foo', 'bar')).toBe('Hello, Ms. foo bar!')
})

test('extra arguments are ignored', () => {
  const canPassAnyNumberOfArguments = partial(
    greet, 'Hello', 'Ms.'
  )
  const fn = canPassAnyNumberOfArguments('foo')

  expect(type(fn)).toBe('Function')

  expect(fn(
    'bar', 1, 2
  )).toBe('Hello, Ms. foo bar!')
})

test('when array is input', () => {
  const fooFn = (
    a, b, c, d
  ) => ({
    a,
    b,
    c,
    d,
  })
  const barFn = partial(
    fooFn, [ 1, 2 ], []
  )

  expect(barFn(1, 2)).toEqual({
    a : [ 1, 2 ],
    b : [],
    c : 1,
    d : 2,
  })
})

test('ramda spec', () => {
  const sayHello = partial(greet, 'Hello')
  const sayHelloToMs = partial(sayHello, 'Ms.')

  expect(sayHelloToMs('Jane', 'Jones')).toBe('Hello, Ms. Jane Jones!')
})

Typescript test

import {partial} from 'rambda'

describe('R.partial', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    function greet(
      salutation: string,
      title: string,
      firstName: string,
      lastName: string
    ) {
      return `${salutation}, ${title} ${firstName} ${lastName}!`
    }

    const sayHello = partial(greet, ['Hello'])
    const sayHelloToMs = partial(sayHello, ['Ms.'])
    const result = sayHelloToMs('Jane', 'Jones')
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
})

---------------

partialObject


partialObject<Input, PartialInput, Output>(
  fn: (input: Input) => Output, 
  partialInput: PartialInput,
): (input: Pick<Input, Exclude<keyof Input, keyof PartialInput>>) => Output

R.partialObject is a curry helper designed specifically for functions accepting object as a single argument.

Initially the function knows only a part from the whole input object and then R.partialObject helps in preparing the function for the second part, when it receives the rest of the input.

Try this R.partialObject example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

partialObject<Input, PartialInput, Output>(
  fn: (input: Input) => Output, 
  partialInput: PartialInput,
): (input: Pick<Input, Exclude<keyof Input, keyof PartialInput>>) => Output;

R.partialObject source

import { mergeDeepRight } from './mergeDeepRight.js'

export function partialObject(fn, input){
  return nextInput => fn(mergeDeepRight(nextInput, input))
}

Tests

import { delay } from './delay.js'
import { partialObject } from './partialObject.js'
import { type } from './type.js'

test('with plain function', () => {
  const fn = ({ a, b, c }) => a + b + c
  const curried = partialObject(fn, { a : 1 })

  expect(type(curried)).toBe('Function')
  expect(curried({
    b : 2,
    c : 3,
  })).toBe(6)
})

test('with function that throws an error', () => {
  const fn = ({ a, b, c }) => {
    throw new Error('foo')
  }
  const curried = partialObject(fn, { a : 1 })

  expect(type(curried)).toBe('Function')
  expect(() =>
    curried({
      b : 2,
      c : 3,
    })).toThrowErrorMatchingInlineSnapshot('"foo"')
})

test('with async', async () => {
  const fn = async ({ a, b, c }) => {
    await delay(100)

    return a + b + c
  }

  const curried = partialObject(fn, { a : 1 })

  const result = await curried({
    b : 2,
    c : 3,
  })

  expect(result).toBe(6)
})

test('async function throwing an error', async () => {
  const fn = async ({ a, b, c }) => {
    await delay(100)
    throw new Error('foo')
  }

  const curried = partialObject(fn, { a : 1 })

  try {
    await curried({
      b : 2,
      c : 3,
    })
    expect(true).toBeFalsy()
  } catch (e){
    expect(e.message).toBe('foo')
  }
})

Typescript test

import {partialObject, delay} from 'rambda'

describe('R.partialObject', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    interface Input {
      a: number,
      b: number,
      c: string,
    }
    const fn = ({a, b, c}: Input) => a + b + c
    const curried = partialObject(fn, {a: 1})
    const result = curried({
      b: 2,
      c: 'foo',
    })
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('asynchronous', async() => {
    interface Input {
      a: number,
      b: number,
      c: string,
    }
    const fn = async({a, b, c}: Input) => {
      await delay(100)
      return a + b + c
    }
    const curried = partialObject(fn, {a: 1})
    const result = await curried({
      b: 2,
      c: 'foo',
    })
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
})

---------------

partition


partition<T>(
  predicate: Predicate<T>,
  input: T[]
): [T[], T[]]

It will return array of two objects/arrays according to predicate function. The first member holds all instances of input that pass the predicate function, while the second member - those who doesn't.

Try this R.partition example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

partition<T>(
  predicate: Predicate<T>,
  input: T[]
): [T[], T[]];
partition<T>(
  predicate: Predicate<T>
): (input: T[]) => [T[], T[]];
partition<T>(
  predicate: (x: T, prop?: string) => boolean,
  input: { [key: string]: T}
): [{ [key: string]: T}, { [key: string]: T}];
partition<T>(
  predicate: (x: T, prop?: string) => boolean
): (input: { [key: string]: T}) => [{ [key: string]: T}, { [key: string]: T}];

R.partition source

import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'

export function partitionObject(predicate, iterable){
  const yes = {}
  const no = {}
  Object.entries(iterable).forEach(([ prop, value ]) => {
    if (predicate(value, prop)){
      yes[ prop ] = value
    } else {
      no[ prop ] = value
    }
  })

  return [ yes, no ]
}

export function partitionArray(
  predicate, list, indexed = false
){
  const yes = []
  const no = []
  let counter = -1

  while (counter++ < list.length - 1){
    if (
      indexed ? predicate(list[ counter ], counter) : predicate(list[ counter ])
    ){
      yes.push(list[ counter ])
    } else {
      no.push(list[ counter ])
    }
  }

  return [ yes, no ]
}

export function partition(predicate, iterable){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return listHolder => partition(predicate, listHolder)
  }
  if (!isArray(iterable)) return partitionObject(predicate, iterable)

  return partitionArray(predicate, iterable)
}

Tests

import { partition } from './partition.js'

test('with array', () => {
  const predicate = x => x > 2
  const list = [ 1, 2, 3, 4 ]

  const result = partition(predicate, list)
  const expectedResult = [
    [ 3, 4 ],
    [ 1, 2 ],
  ]

  expect(result).toEqual(expectedResult)
})

test('with object', () => {
  const predicate = (value, prop) => {
    expect(typeof prop).toBe('string')

    return value > 2
  }
  const hash = {
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
    c : 3,
    d : 4,
  }

  const result = partition(predicate)(hash)
  const expectedResult = [
    {
      c : 3,
      d : 4,
    },
    {
      a : 1,
      b : 2,
    },
  ]

  expect(result).toEqual(expectedResult)
})

test('readme example', () => {
  const list = [ 1, 2, 3 ]
  const obj = {
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
    c : 3,
  }
  const predicate = x => x > 2

  const result = [ partition(predicate, list), partition(predicate, obj) ]
  const expected = [
    [ [ 3 ], [ 1, 2 ] ],
    [
      { c : 3 },
      {
        a : 1,
        b : 2,
      },
    ],
  ]
  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
})

Typescript test

import {partition} from 'rambda'

describe('R.partition', () => {
  it('with array', () => {
    const predicate = (x: number) => {
      return x > 2
    }
    const list = [1, 2, 3, 4]

    const result = partition(predicate, list)
    const curriedResult = partition(predicate)(list)
    result // $ExpectType [number[], number[]]
    curriedResult // $ExpectType [number[], number[]]
  })

  /*
    revert to old version of `dtslint` and `R.partition` typing
    as there is diff between VSCode types(correct) and dtslint(incorrect)

    it('with object', () => {
      const predicate = (value: number, prop?: string) => {
        return value > 2
      }
      const hash = {
        a: 1,
        b: 2,
        c: 3,
        d: 4,
      }

      const result = partition(predicate, hash)
      const curriedResult = partition(predicate)(hash)
      result[0] // $xExpectType { [key: string]: number; }
      result[1] // $xExpectType { [key: string]: number; }
      curriedResult[0] // $xExpectType { [key: string]: number; }
      curriedResult[1] // $xExpectType { [key: string]: number; }
    })
    */
})

---------------

path


path<S, K0 extends keyof S = keyof S>(path: [K0], obj: S): S[K0]

If pathToSearch is 'a.b' then it will return 1 if obj is {a:{b:1}}.

It will return undefined, if such path is not found.

Try this R.path example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

path<S, K0 extends keyof S = keyof S>(path: [K0], obj: S): S[K0];
path<S, K0 extends keyof S = keyof S, K1 extends keyof S[K0] = keyof S[K0]>(path: [K0, K1], obj: S): S[K0][K1];
path<
    S,
    K0 extends keyof S = keyof S,
    K1 extends keyof S[K0] = keyof S[K0],
    K2 extends keyof S[K0][K1] = keyof S[K0][K1]
>(path: [K0, K1, K2], obj: S): S[K0][K1][K2];
path<
    S,
    K0 extends keyof S = keyof S,
    K1 extends keyof S[K0] = keyof S[K0],
    K2 extends keyof S[K0][K1] = keyof S[K0][K1],
    K3 extends keyof S[K0][K1][K2] = keyof S[K0][K1][K2],
>(path: [K0, K1, K2, K3], obj: S): S[K0][K1][K2][K3];
path<
    S,
    K0 extends keyof S = keyof S,
    K1 extends keyof S[K0] = keyof S[K0],
    K2 extends keyof S[K0][K1] = keyof S[K0][K1],
    K3 extends keyof S[K0][K1][K2] = keyof S[K0][K1][K2],
    K4 extends keyof S[K0][K1][K2][K3] = keyof S[K0][K1][K2][K3],
>(path: [K0, K1, K2, K3, K4], obj: S): S[K0][K1][K2][K3][K4];
path<
    S,
    K0 extends keyof S = keyof S,
    K1 extends keyof S[K0] = keyof S[K0],
    K2 extends keyof S[K0][K1] = keyof S[K0][K1],
    K3 extends keyof S[K0][K1][K2] = keyof S[K0][K1][K2],
    K4 extends keyof S[K0][K1][K2][K3] = keyof S[K0][K1][K2][K3],
    K5 extends keyof S[K0][K1][K2][K3][K4] = keyof S[K0][K1][K2][K3][K4],
>(path: [K0, K1, K2, K3, K4, K5], obj: S): S[K0][K1][K2][K3][K4][K5];
path<T>(pathToSearch: string, obj: any): T | undefined;
path<T>(pathToSearch: string): (obj: any) => T | undefined;
path<T>(pathToSearch: RamdaPath): (obj: any) => T | undefined;

R.path source

import { createPath } from './_internals/createPath.js'

export function path(pathInput, obj){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _obj => path(pathInput, _obj)

  if (obj === null || obj === undefined){
    return undefined
  }
  let willReturn = obj
  let counter = 0

  const pathArrValue = createPath(pathInput)

  while (counter < pathArrValue.length){
    if (willReturn === null || willReturn === undefined){
      return undefined
    }
    if (willReturn[ pathArrValue[ counter ] ] === null) return undefined

    willReturn = willReturn[ pathArrValue[ counter ] ]
    counter++
  }

  return willReturn
}

Tests

import { path } from './path.js'

test('with array inside object', () => {
  const obj = { a : { b : [ 1, { c : 1 } ] } }

  expect(path('a.b.1.c', obj)).toBe(1)
})

test('works with undefined', () => {
  const obj = { a : { b : { c : 1 } } }

  expect(path('a.b.c.d.f', obj)).toBeUndefined()
  expect(path('foo.babaz', undefined)).toBeUndefined()
  expect(path('foo.babaz')(undefined)).toBeUndefined()
})

test('works with string instead of array', () => {
  expect(path('foo.bar.baz')({ foo : { bar : { baz : 'yes' } } })).toBe('yes')
})

test('path', () => {
  expect(path([ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])({ foo : { bar : { baz : 'yes' } } })).toBe('yes')

  expect(path([ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])(null)).toBeUndefined()

  expect(path([ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])({ foo : { bar : 'baz' } })).toBeUndefined()
})

test('null is not a valid path', () => {
  expect(path('audio_tracks', {
    a            : 1,
    audio_tracks : null,
  })).toBeUndefined()
})

Typescript test

import {path} from 'rambda'

const input = {a: {b: {c: true}}}

describe('R.path with string as path', () => {
  it('without specified output type', () => {
    // $ExpectType unknown
    path('a.b.c', input)
    // $ExpectType unknown
    path('a.b.c')(input)
  })
  it('with specified output type', () => {
    // $ExpectType boolean | undefined
    path<boolean>('a.b.c', input)
    // $ExpectType boolean | undefined
    path<boolean>('a.b.c')(input)
  })
})

describe('R.path with list as path', () => {
  it('with array as path', () => {
    // $ExpectType boolean
    path(['a', 'b', 'c'], input)
    // $ExpectType unknown
    path(['a', 'b', 'c'])(input)
  })
  test('shallow property', () => {
    // $ExpectType number
    path(['a'], {a: 1})

    path(['b'], {a: 1}) // $ExpectError
  })
  test('deep property', () => {
    // $ExpectType number
    path(['a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e', 'f'], {a: {b: {c: {d: {e: {f: 1}}}}}})
  })
})

---------------

pathEq


pathEq(pathToSearch: Path, target: any, input: any): boolean

It returns true if pathToSearch of input object is equal to target value.

pathToSearch is passed to R.path, which means that it can be either a string or an array. Also equality between target and the found value is determined by R.equals.

Try this R.pathEq example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

pathEq(pathToSearch: Path, target: any, input: any): boolean;
pathEq(pathToSearch: Path, target: any): (input: any) => boolean;
pathEq(pathToSearch: Path): (target: any) => (input: any) => boolean;

R.pathEq source

import { curry } from './curry.js'
import { equals } from './equals.js'
import { path } from './path.js'

function pathEqFn(
  pathToSearch, target, input
){
  return equals(path(pathToSearch, input), target)
}

export const pathEq = curry(pathEqFn)

Tests

import { pathEq } from './pathEq.js'

test('when true', () => {
  const path = 'a.b'
  const obj = { a : { b : { c : 1 } } }
  const target = { c : 1 }

  expect(pathEq(
    path, target, obj
  )).toBeTrue()
})

test('when false', () => {
  const path = 'a.b'
  const obj = { a : { b : 1 } }
  const target = 2

  expect(pathEq(path, target)(obj)).toBeFalse()
})

test('when wrong path', () => {
  const path = 'foo.bar'
  const obj = { a : { b : 1 } }
  const target = 2

  expect(pathEq(
    path, target, obj
  )).toBeFalse()
})

Typescript test

import {pathEq} from 'rambda'

describe('R.pathEq', () => {
  it('with string path', () => {
    const pathToSearch = 'a.b.c'
    const input = {a: {b: {c: 1}}}
    const target = {c: 1}

    const result = pathEq(pathToSearch, input, target)
    const curriedResult = pathEq(pathToSearch, input, target)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
    curriedResult // $ExpectType boolean
  })

  it('with array path', () => {
    const pathToSearch = ['a', 'b', 'c']
    const input = {a: {b: {c: 1}}}
    const target = {c: 1}

    const result = pathEq(pathToSearch, input, target)
    const curriedResult = pathEq(pathToSearch, input, target)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
    curriedResult // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

describe('with ramda specs', () => {
  const testPath = ['x', 0, 'y']
  const testObj = {
    x: [
      {y: 2, z: 3},
      {y: 4, z: 5},
    ],
  }

  const result1 = pathEq(testPath, 2, testObj)
  const result2 = pathEq(testPath, 2)(testObj)
  const result3 = pathEq(testPath)(2)(testObj)
  result1 // $ExpectType boolean
  result2 // $ExpectType boolean
  result3 // $ExpectType boolean
})

---------------

pathOr


pathOr<T>(defaultValue: T, pathToSearch: Path, obj: any): T

It reads obj input and returns either R.path(pathToSearch, Record<string, unknown>) result or defaultValue input.

Try this R.pathOr example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

pathOr<T>(defaultValue: T, pathToSearch: Path, obj: any): T;
pathOr<T>(defaultValue: T, pathToSearch: Path): (obj: any) => T;
pathOr<T>(defaultValue: T): (pathToSearch: Path) => (obj: any) => T;

R.pathOr source

import { curry } from './curry.js'
import { defaultTo } from './defaultTo.js'
import { path } from './path.js'

function pathOrFn(
  defaultValue, pathInput, obj
){
  return defaultTo(defaultValue, path(pathInput, obj))
}

export const pathOr = curry(pathOrFn)

Tests

import { pathOr } from './pathOr.js'

test('with undefined', () => {
  const result = pathOr(
    'foo', 'x.y', { x : { y : 1 } }
  )

  expect(result).toBe(1)
})

test('with null', () => {
  const result = pathOr(
    'foo', 'x.y', null
  )

  expect(result).toBe('foo')
})

test('with NaN', () => {
  const result = pathOr(
    'foo', 'x.y', NaN
  )

  expect(result).toBe('foo')
})

test('curry case (x)(y)(z)', () => {
  const result = pathOr('foo')('x.y.z')({ x : { y : { a : 1 } } })

  expect(result).toBe('foo')
})

test('curry case (x)(y,z)', () => {
  const result = pathOr('foo', 'x.y.z')({ x : { y : { a : 1 } } })

  expect(result).toBe('foo')
})

test('curry case (x,y)(z)', () => {
  const result = pathOr('foo')('x.y.z', { x : { y : { a : 1 } } })

  expect(result).toBe('foo')
})

Typescript test

import {pathOr} from 'rambda'

describe('R.pathOr', () => {
  it('with string path', () => {
    const x = pathOr<string>('foo', 'x.y', {x: {y: 'bar'}})
    x // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('with array path', () => {
    const x = pathOr<string>('foo', ['x', 'y'], {x: {y: 'bar'}})
    x // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('without passing type looks bad', () => {
    const x = pathOr('foo', 'x.y', {x: {y: 'bar'}})
    x // $ExpectType "foo"
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const x = pathOr<string>('foo', 'x.y')({x: {y: 'bar'}})
    x // $ExpectType string
  })
})

---------------

paths


paths<Input, T>(pathsToSearch: Path[], obj: Input): (T | undefined)[]

It loops over members of pathsToSearch as singlePath and returns the array produced by R.path(singlePath, Record<string, unknown>).

Because it calls R.path, then singlePath can be either string or a list.

Try this R.paths example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

paths<Input, T>(pathsToSearch: Path[], obj: Input): (T | undefined)[];
paths<Input, T>(pathsToSearch: Path[]): (obj: Input) => (T | undefined)[];
paths<T>(pathsToSearch: Path[], obj: any): (T | undefined)[];
paths<T>(pathsToSearch: Path[]): (obj: any) => (T | undefined)[];

R.paths source

import { path } from './path.js'

export function paths(pathsToSearch, obj){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _obj => paths(pathsToSearch, _obj)
  }

  return pathsToSearch.map(singlePath => path(singlePath, obj))
}

Tests

import { paths } from './paths.js'

const obj = {
  a : {
    b : {
      c : 1,
      d : 2,
    },
  },
  p : [ { q : 3 } ],
  x : {
    y : 'FOO',
    z : [ [ {} ] ],
  },
}

test('with string path + curry', () => {
  const pathsInput = [ 'a.b.d', 'p.q' ]
  const expected = [ 2, undefined ]
  const result = paths(pathsInput, obj)
  const curriedResult = paths(pathsInput)(obj)

  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
  expect(curriedResult).toEqual(expected)
})

test('with array path', () => {
  const result = paths([
    [ 'a', 'b', 'c' ],
    [ 'x', 'y' ],
  ],
  obj)

  expect(result).toEqual([ 1, 'FOO' ])
})

test('takes a paths that contains indices into arrays', () => {
  expect(paths([
    [ 'p', 0, 'q' ],
    [ 'x', 'z', 0, 0 ],
  ],
  obj)).toEqual([ 3, {} ])
  expect(paths([
    [ 'p', 0, 'q' ],
    [ 'x', 'z', 2, 1 ],
  ],
  obj)).toEqual([ 3, undefined ])
})

test('gets a deep property\'s value from objects', () => {
  expect(paths([ [ 'a', 'b' ] ], obj)).toEqual([ obj.a.b ])
  expect(paths([ [ 'p', 0 ] ], obj)).toEqual([ obj.p[ 0 ] ])
})

test('returns undefined for items not found', () => {
  expect(paths([ [ 'a', 'x', 'y' ] ], obj)).toEqual([ undefined ])
  expect(paths([ [ 'p', 2 ] ], obj)).toEqual([ undefined ])
})

Typescript test

import {paths} from 'rambda'

interface Input {
  a: number,
  b: number,
  c: number,
}

const input: Input = {a: 1, b: 2, c: 3}

describe('R.paths', () => {
  it('with dot notation', () => {
    const result = paths<number>(['a.b.c', 'foo.bar'], input)
    result // $ExpectType (number | undefined)[]
  })

  it('without type', () => {
    const result = paths(['a.b.c', 'foo.bar'], input)
    result // $ExpectType unknown[]
  })

  it('with array as path', () => {
    const result = paths<number>([['a', 'b', 'c'], ['foo.bar']], input)
    result // $ExpectType (number | undefined)[]
  })

  it('curried', () => {
    const result = paths<number>([['a', 'b', 'c'], ['foo.bar']])(input)
    result // $ExpectType (number | undefined)[]
  })
})

---------------

pick


pick<T, K extends string | number | symbol>(propsToPick: K[], input: T): Pick<T, Exclude<keyof T, Exclude<keyof T, K>>>

It returns a partial copy of an input containing only propsToPick properties.

input can be either an object or an array.

String anotation of propsToPick is one of the differences between Rambda and Ramda.

Try this R.pick example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

pick<T, K extends string | number | symbol>(propsToPick: K[], input: T): Pick<T, Exclude<keyof T, Exclude<keyof T, K>>>;
pick<K extends string | number | symbol>(propsToPick: K[]): <T>(input: T) => Pick<T, Exclude<keyof T, Exclude<keyof T, K>>>;
pick<T, U>(propsToPick: string, input: T): U;
pick<T, U>(propsToPick: string): (input: T) => U;
pick<T>(propsToPick: string, input: object): T;
pick<T>(propsToPick: string): (input: object) => T;

R.pick source

import { createPath } from './_internals/createPath.js'

export function pick(propsToPick, input){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _input => pick(propsToPick, _input)

  if (input === null || input === undefined){
    return undefined
  }
  const keys = createPath(propsToPick, ',')
  const willReturn = {}
  let counter = 0

  while (counter < keys.length){
    if (keys[ counter ] in input){
      willReturn[ keys[ counter ] ] = input[ keys[ counter ] ]
    }
    counter++
  }

  return willReturn
}

Tests

import { pick } from './pick.js'

const obj = {
  a : 1,
  b : 2,
  c : 3,
}

test('props to pick is a string', () => {
  const result = pick('a,c', obj)
  const resultCurry = pick('a,c')(obj)
  const expectedResult = {
    a : 1,
    c : 3,
  }

  expect(result).toEqual(expectedResult)
  expect(resultCurry).toEqual(expectedResult)
})

test('when prop is missing', () => {
  const result = pick('a,d,f', obj)
  expect(result).toEqual({ a : 1 })
})

test('with list indexes as props', () => {
  const list = [ 1, 2, 3 ]
  const expected = {
    0 : 1,
    2 : 3,
  }
  expect(pick([ 0, 2, 3 ], list)).toEqual(expected)
  expect(pick('0,2,3', list)).toEqual(expected)
})

test('props to pick is an array', () => {
  expect(pick([ 'a', 'c' ])({
    a : 'foo',
    b : 'bar',
    c : 'baz',
  })).toEqual({
    a : 'foo',
    c : 'baz',
  })

  expect(pick([ 'a', 'd', 'e', 'f' ])({
    a : 'foo',
    b : 'bar',
    c : 'baz',
  })).toEqual({ a : 'foo' })

  expect(pick('a,d,e,f')(null)).toBeUndefined()
})

test('works with list as input and number as props - props to pick is an array', () => {
  const result = pick([ 1, 2 ], [ 'a', 'b', 'c', 'd' ])
  expect(result).toEqual({
    1 : 'b',
    2 : 'c',
  })
})

test('works with list as input and number as props - props to pick is a string', () => {
  const result = pick('1,2', [ 'a', 'b', 'c', 'd' ])
  expect(result).toEqual({
    1 : 'b',
    2 : 'c',
  })
})

test('with symbol', () => {
  const symbolProp = Symbol('s')
  expect(pick([ symbolProp ], { [ symbolProp ] : 'a' })).toMatchInlineSnapshot(`
    {
      Symbol(s): "a",
    }
  `)
})

Typescript test

import {pick} from 'rambda'

const input = {a: 'foo', b: 2, c: 3, d: 4}

describe('R.pick with array as props input', () => {
  it('without passing type', () => {
    const result = pick(['a', 'c'], input)
    result.a // $ExpectType string
    result.c // $ExpectType number
  })
})

describe('R.pick with string as props input', () => {
  interface Input {
    a: string,
    b: number,
    c: number,
    d: number,
  }
  interface Output {
    a: string,
    c: number,
  }
  it('explicitly declare output', () => {
    const result = pick<Output>('a,c', input)
    result // $ExpectType Output
    result.a // $ExpectType string
    result.c // $ExpectType number

    const curriedResult = pick<Output>('a,c')(input)

    curriedResult.a // $ExpectType string
  })

  it('explicitly declare input and output', () => {
    const result = pick<Input, Output>('a,c', input)
    result // $ExpectType Output
    result.a // $ExpectType string

    const curriedResult = pick<Input, Output>('a,c')(input)

    curriedResult.a // $ExpectType string
  })

  it('without passing type', () => {
    const result = pick('a,c', input)
    result // $ExpectType unknown
  })
})

---------------

pickAll


pickAll<T, K extends keyof T>(propsToPicks: K[], input: T): Pick<T, K>

Same as R.pick but it won't skip the missing props, i.e. it will assign them to undefined.

Try this R.pickAll example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

pickAll<T, K extends keyof T>(propsToPicks: K[], input: T): Pick<T, K>;
pickAll<T, U>(propsToPicks: string[], input: T): U;
pickAll(propsToPicks: string[]): <T, U>(input: T) => U;
pickAll<T, U>(propsToPick: string, input: T): U;
pickAll<T, U>(propsToPick: string): (input: T) => U;

R.pickAll source

import { createPath } from './_internals/createPath.js'

export function pickAll(propsToPick, obj){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _obj => pickAll(propsToPick, _obj)

  if (obj === null || obj === undefined){
    return undefined
  }
  const keysValue = createPath(propsToPick, ',')
  const willReturn = {}
  let counter = 0

  while (counter < keysValue.length){
    if (keysValue[ counter ] in obj){
      willReturn[ keysValue[ counter ] ] = obj[ keysValue[ counter ] ]
    } else {
      willReturn[ keysValue[ counter ] ] = undefined
    }
    counter++
  }

  return willReturn
}

Tests

import { pickAll } from './pickAll.js'

test('when input is undefined or null', () => {
  expect(pickAll('a', null)).toBeUndefined()
  expect(pickAll('a', undefined)).toBeUndefined()
})

test('with string as condition', () => {
  const obj = {
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
    c : 3,
  }
  const result = pickAll('a,c', obj)
  const resultCurry = pickAll('a,c')(obj)
  const expectedResult = {
    a : 1,
    b : undefined,
    c : 3,
  }

  expect(result).toEqual(expectedResult)
  expect(resultCurry).toEqual(expectedResult)
})

test('with array as condition', () => {
  expect(pickAll([ 'a', 'b', 'c' ], {
    a : 'foo',
    c : 'baz',
  })).toEqual({
    a : 'foo',
    b : undefined,
    c : 'baz',
  })
})

Typescript test

import {pickAll} from 'rambda'

interface Input {
  a: string,
  b: number,
  c: number,
  d: number,
}
interface Output {
  a?: string,
  c?: number,
}
const input = {a: 'foo', b: 2, c: 3, d: 4}

describe('R.pickAll with array as props input', () => {
  it('without passing type', () => {
    const result = pickAll(['a', 'c'], input)
    result.a // $ExpectType string
    result.c // $ExpectType number
  })
  it('without passing type + curry', () => {
    const result = pickAll(['a', 'c'])(input)
    result // $ExpectType unknown
  })
  it('explicitly passing types', () => {
    const result = pickAll<Input, Output>(['a', 'c'], input)
    result.a // $ExpectType string | undefined
    result.c // $ExpectType number | undefined
  })
})

describe('R.pickAll with string as props input', () => {
  it('without passing type', () => {
    const result = pickAll('a,c', input)
    result // $ExpectType unknown
  })
  it('without passing type + curry', () => {
    const result = pickAll('a,c')(input)
    result // $ExpectType unknown
  })
  it('explicitly passing types', () => {
    const result = pickAll<Input, Output>('a,c', input)
    result.a // $ExpectType string | undefined
    result.c // $ExpectType number | undefined
  })
  it('explicitly passing types + curry', () => {
    const result = pickAll<Input, Output>('a,c')(input)
    result.a // $ExpectType string | undefined
    result.c // $ExpectType number | undefined
  })
})

---------------

pipe

It performs left-to-right function composition.

Try this R.pipe example in Rambda REPL

---------------

pluck


pluck<K extends keyof T, T>(property: K, list: T[]): T[K][]

It returns list of the values of property taken from the all objects inside list.

Try this R.pluck example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

pluck<K extends keyof T, T>(property: K, list: T[]): T[K][];
pluck<T>(property: number, list: { [k: number]: T }[]):  T[];
pluck<P extends string>(property: P): <T>(list: Record<P, T>[]) => T[];
pluck(property: number): <T>(list: { [k: number]: T }[]) => T[];

R.pluck source

import { map } from './map.js'

export function pluck(property, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _list => pluck(property, _list)

  const willReturn = []

  map(x => {
    if (x[ property ] !== undefined){
      willReturn.push(x[ property ])
    }
  }, list)

  return willReturn
}

Tests

import { pluck } from './pluck.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(pluck('a')([ { a : 1 }, { a : 2 }, { b : 1 } ])).toEqual([ 1, 2 ])
})

test('with number', () => {
  const input = [
    [ 1, 2 ],
    [ 3, 4 ],
  ]

  expect(pluck(0, input)).toEqual([ 1, 3 ])
})

Typescript test

import {pluck} from 'rambda'

describe('R.pluck', () => {
  it('with object', () => {
    interface ListMember {
      a: number,
      b: string,
    }
    const input: ListMember[] = [
      {a: 1, b: 'foo'},
      {a: 2, b: 'bar'},
    ]
    const resultA = pluck('a', input)
    const resultB = pluck('b')(input)
    resultA // $ExpectType number[]
    resultB // $ExpectType string[]
  })

  it('with array', () => {
    const input = [
      [1, 2],
      [3, 4],
      [5, 6],
    ]
    const result = pluck(0, input)
    const resultCurry = pluck(0)(input)
    result // $ExpectType number[]
    resultCurry // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

---------------

prepend


prepend<T>(x: T, input: T[]): T[]

It adds element x at the beginning of list.

Try this R.prepend example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

prepend<T>(x: T, input: T[]): T[];
prepend<T>(x: T): (input: T[]) => T[];

R.prepend source

export function prepend(x, input){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _input => prepend(x, _input)

  if (typeof input === 'string') return [ x ].concat(input.split(''))

  return [ x ].concat(input)
}

Tests

import { prepend } from './prepend.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(prepend('yes', [ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])).toEqual([
    'yes',
    'foo',
    'bar',
    'baz',
  ])
})

test('with empty list', () => {
  expect(prepend('foo')([])).toEqual([ 'foo' ])
})

test('with string instead of array', () => {
  expect(prepend('foo')('bar')).toEqual([ 'foo', 'b', 'a', 'r' ])
})

Typescript test

import {prepend} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3]

describe('R.prepend', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = prepend(4, list)

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = prepend(4)(list)

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

---------------

product


product(list: number[]): number

Try this R.product example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

product(list: number[]): number;

R.product source

import { multiply } from './multiply.js'
import { reduce } from './reduce.js'

export const product = reduce(multiply, 1)

Tests

import { product } from './product.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(product([ 2, 3, 4 ])).toBe(24)
})

test('bad input', () => {
  expect(product([ null ])).toBe(0)
  expect(product([])).toBe(1)
})

Typescript test

import {product} from 'rambda'

describe('R.product', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = product([1, 2, 3])

    result // $ExpectType number
  })
})

---------------

prop


prop<P extends keyof never, T>(propToFind: P, value: T): Prop<T, P>

It returns the value of property propToFind in obj.

If there is no such property, it returns undefined.

Try this R.prop example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

prop<P extends keyof never, T>(propToFind: P, value: T): Prop<T, P>;
prop<P extends keyof never>(propToFind: P): {
    <T>(value: Record<P, T>): T;
    <T>(value: T): Prop<T, P>;
};
prop<P extends keyof T, T>(propToFind: P): {
    (value: T): Prop<T, P>;
};
prop<P extends keyof never, T>(propToFind: P): {
    (value: Record<P, T>): T;
};

R.prop source

export function prop(propToFind, obj){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _obj => prop(propToFind, _obj)

  if (!obj) return undefined

  return obj[ propToFind ]
}

Tests

import { prop } from './prop.js'

test('prop', () => {
  expect(prop('foo')({ foo : 'baz' })).toBe('baz')

  expect(prop('bar')({ foo : 'baz' })).toBeUndefined()

  expect(prop('bar')(null)).toBeUndefined()
})

Typescript test

import {pipe, prop} from 'rambda'

describe('R.prop', () => {
  const obj = {a: 1, b: 'foo'}
  interface Something {
    a?: number,
    b?: string,
  }

  it('issue #553', () => {
    const result = prop('e', {e: 'test1', d: 'test2'})
    const curriedResult = prop<string>('e')({e: 'test1', d: 'test2'})

    result // $ExpectType string
    curriedResult // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = prop('a', obj)

    result // $ExpectType number
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = prop('b')(obj)

    result // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('curried with explicit object type', () => {
    const result = prop<'a', Something>('a')(obj)

    result // $ExpectType number | undefined
  })
  it('curried with implicit object type', () => {
    const result = pipe(value => value as Something, prop('b'))(obj)

    result // $ExpectType undefined
  })
  it('curried with explicit result type', () => {
    const result = prop<'b', string>('b')(obj)

    result // $ExpectType string
  })
})

describe('with number as prop', () => {
  const list = [1, 2, 3]
  const index = 1
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = prop(index, list)

    result // $ExpectType number
  })
  it('curried require explicit type', () => {
    const result = prop<number>(index)(list)

    result // $ExpectType number
  })
})

---------------

propEq


propEq<K extends string | number>(propToFind: K, valueToMatch: any, obj: Record<K, any>): boolean

It returns true if obj has property propToFind and its value is equal to valueToMatch.

Try this R.propEq example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

propEq<K extends string | number>(propToFind: K, valueToMatch: any, obj: Record<K, any>): boolean;
propEq<K extends string | number>(propToFind: K, valueToMatch: any): (obj: Record<K, any>) => boolean;
propEq<K extends string | number>(propToFind: K): {
  (valueToMatch: any, obj: Record<K, any>): boolean;
  (valueToMatch: any): (obj: Record<K, any>) => boolean;
};

R.propEq source

import { curry } from './curry.js'
import { equals } from './equals.js'
import { prop } from './prop.js'

function propEqFn(
  propToFind, valueToMatch, obj
){
  if (!obj) return false

  return equals(valueToMatch, prop(propToFind, obj))
}

export const propEq = curry(propEqFn)

Tests

import { propEq } from './propEq.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(propEq('foo', 'bar')({ foo : 'bar' })).toBeTrue()
  expect(propEq('foo', 'bar')({ foo : 'baz' })).toBeFalse()
  expect(propEq('foo')('bar')({ foo : 'baz' })).toBeFalse()
  expect(propEq(
    'foo', 'bar', null
  )).toBeFalse()
})

test('returns false if called with a null or undefined object', () => {
  expect(propEq(
    'name', 'Abby', null
  )).toBeFalse()
  expect(propEq(
    'name', 'Abby', undefined
  )).toBeFalse()
})

Typescript test

import {propEq} from 'rambda'

const property = 'foo'
const numberProperty = 1
const value = 'bar'
const obj = {[property]: value}
const objWithNumberIndex = {[numberProperty]: value}

describe('R.propEq', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = propEq(property, value, obj)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })

  it('number is property', () => {
    const result = propEq(1, value, objWithNumberIndex)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })

  it('with optional property', () => {
    interface MyType {
      optional?: string | number,
    }

    const myObject: MyType = {}
    const valueToFind = '1111'
    // @ts-expect-error
    propEq('optional', valueToFind, myObject)

    // @ts-expect-error
    propEq('optional', valueToFind, myObject)
  })

  it('imported from @types/ramda', () => {
    interface A {
      foo: string | null,
    }
    const obj: A = {
      foo: 'bar',
    }
    const value = ''
    const result = propEq('foo', value)(obj)
    result // $ExpectType boolean

    // @ts-expect-error
    propEq('bar', value)(obj)
  })
})

---------------

propIs


propIs<C extends AnyFunction, K extends keyof any>(type: C, name: K, obj: any): obj is Record<K, ReturnType<C>>

It returns true if property of obj is from target type.

Try this R.propIs example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

propIs<C extends AnyFunction, K extends keyof any>(type: C, name: K, obj: any): obj is Record<K, ReturnType<C>>;
propIs<C extends AnyConstructor, K extends keyof any>(type: C, name: K, obj: any): obj is Record<K, InstanceType<C>>;
propIs<C extends AnyFunction, K extends keyof any>(type: C, name: K): (obj: any) => obj is Record<K, ReturnType<C>>;
propIs<C extends AnyConstructor, K extends keyof any>(type: C, name: K): (obj: any) => obj is Record<K, InstanceType<C>>;
propIs<C extends AnyFunction>(type: C): {
    <K extends keyof any>(name: K, obj: any): obj is Record<K, ReturnType<C>>;
    <K extends keyof any>(name: K): (obj: any) => obj is Record<K, ReturnType<C>>;
};

R.propIs source

import { curry } from './curry.js'
import { is } from './is.js'

function propIsFn(
  targetPrototype, property, obj
){
  return is(targetPrototype, obj[ property ])
}

export const propIs = curry(propIsFn)

Tests

import { propIs } from './propIs.js'

const obj = {
  a : 1,
  b : 'foo',
}

test('when true', () => {
  expect(propIs(
    Number, 'a', obj
  )).toBeTrue()
  expect(propIs(
    String, 'b', obj
  )).toBeTrue()
})

test('when false', () => {
  expect(propIs(
    String, 'a', obj
  )).toBeFalse()
  expect(propIs(
    Number, 'b', obj
  )).toBeFalse()
})

Typescript test

import {propIs} from 'rambda'

const property = 'a'
const obj = {a: 1}

describe('R.propIs', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = propIs(Number, property, obj)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })

  it('curried', () => {
    const result = propIs(Number, property)(obj)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

propOr


propOr<T, P extends string>(defaultValue: T, property: P, obj: Partial<Record<P, T>> | undefined): T

It returns either defaultValue or the value of property in obj.

Try this R.propOr example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

propOr<T, P extends string>(defaultValue: T, property: P, obj: Partial<Record<P, T>> | undefined): T;
propOr<T, P extends string>(defaultValue: T, property: P): (obj: Partial<Record<P, T>> | undefined) => T;
propOr<T>(defaultValue: T): {
  <P extends string>(property: P, obj: Partial<Record<P, T>> | undefined): T;
  <P extends string>(property: P): (obj: Partial<Record<P, T>> | undefined) => T;
}

R.propOr source

import { curry } from './curry.js'
import { defaultTo } from './defaultTo.js'

function propOrFn(
  defaultValue, property, obj
){
  if (!obj) return defaultValue

  return defaultTo(defaultValue, obj[ property ])
}

export const propOr = curry(propOrFn)

Tests

import { propOr } from './propOr.js'

test('propOr (result)', () => {
  const obj = { a : 1 }
  expect(propOr(
    'default', 'a', obj
  )).toBe(1)
  expect(propOr(
    'default', 'notExist', obj
  )).toBe('default')
  expect(propOr(
    'default', 'notExist', null
  )).toBe('default')
})

test('propOr (currying)', () => {
  const obj = { a : 1 }
  expect(propOr('default')('a', obj)).toBe(1)
  expect(propOr('default', 'a')(obj)).toBe(1)
  expect(propOr('default')('notExist', obj)).toBe('default')
  expect(propOr('default', 'notExist')(obj)).toBe('default')
})

Typescript test

import {propOr} from 'rambda'

const obj = {foo: 'bar'}
const property = 'foo'
const fallback = 'fallback'

describe('R.propOr', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = propOr(fallback, property, obj)
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('curry 1', () => {
    const result = propOr(fallback)(property, obj)
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('curry 2', () => {
    const result = propOr(fallback, property)(obj)
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('curry 3', () => {
    const result = propOr(fallback)(property)(obj)
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
})

---------------

props


props<P extends string, T>(propsToPick: P[], obj: Record<P, T>): T[]

It takes list with properties propsToPick and returns a list with property values in obj.

Try this R.props example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

props<P extends string, T>(propsToPick: P[], obj: Record<P, T>): T[];
props<P extends string>(propsToPick: P[]): <T>(obj: Record<P, T>) => T[];
props<P extends string, T>(propsToPick: P[]): (obj: Record<P, T>) => T[];

R.props source

import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'
import { mapArray } from './map.js'

export function props(propsToPick, obj){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _obj => props(propsToPick, _obj)
  }
  if (!isArray(propsToPick)){
    throw new Error('propsToPick is not a list')
  }

  return mapArray(prop => obj[ prop ], propsToPick)
}

Tests

import { props } from './props.js'

const obj = {
  a : 1,
  b : 2,
}
const propsToPick = [ 'a', 'c' ]

test('happy', () => {
  const result = props(propsToPick, obj)
  expect(result).toEqual([ 1, undefined ])
})

test('curried', () => {
  const result = props(propsToPick)(obj)
  expect(result).toEqual([ 1, undefined ])
})

test('wrong input', () => {
  expect(() => props(null)(obj)).toThrowErrorMatchingInlineSnapshot('"propsToPick is not a list"')
})

Typescript test

import {props} from 'rambda'

const obj = {a: 1, b: 2}

describe('R.props', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = props(['a', 'b'], obj)

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = props(['a', 'b'])(obj)

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

---------------

propSatisfies


propSatisfies<T>(predicate: Predicate<T>, property: string, obj: Record<string, T>): boolean

It returns true if the object property satisfies a given predicate.

Try this R.propSatisfies example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

propSatisfies<T>(predicate: Predicate<T>, property: string, obj: Record<string, T>): boolean;
propSatisfies<T>(predicate: Predicate<T>, property: string): (obj: Record<string, T>) => boolean;

R.propSatisfies source

import { curry } from './curry.js'
import { prop } from './prop.js'

function propSatisfiesFn(
  predicate, property, obj
){
  return predicate(prop(property, obj))
}

export const propSatisfies = curry(propSatisfiesFn)

Tests

import { propSatisfies } from './propSatisfies.js'

const obj = { a : 1 }

test('when true', () => {
  expect(propSatisfies(
    x => x > 0, 'a', obj
  )).toBeTrue()
})

test('when false', () => {
  expect(propSatisfies(x => x < 0, 'a')(obj)).toBeFalse()
})

Typescript test

import {propSatisfies} from 'rambda'

const obj = {a: 1}

describe('R.propSatisfies', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = propSatisfies(x => x > 0, 'a', obj)

    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('curried requires explicit type', () => {
    const result = propSatisfies<number>(x => x > 0, 'a')(obj)

    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

range


range(startInclusive: number, endExclusive: number): number[]

It returns list of numbers between startInclusive to endExclusive markers.

Try this R.range example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

range(startInclusive: number, endExclusive: number): number[];
range(startInclusive: number): (endExclusive: number) => number[];

R.range source

export function range(start, end){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _end => range(start, _end)

  if (Number.isNaN(Number(start)) || Number.isNaN(Number(end))){
    throw new TypeError('Both arguments to range must be numbers')
  }

  if (end < start) return []

  const len = end - start
  const willReturn = Array(len)

  for (let i = 0; i < len; i++){
    willReturn[ i ] = start + i
  }

  return willReturn
}

Tests

import { range } from './range.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(range(0, 10)).toEqual([ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 ])
})

test('end range is bigger than start range', () => {
  expect(range(7, 3)).toEqual([])
  expect(range(5, 5)).toEqual([])
})

test('with bad input', () => {
  const throwMessage = 'Both arguments to range must be numbers'
  expect(() => range('a', 6)).toThrowWithMessage(Error, throwMessage)
  expect(() => range(6, 'z')).toThrowWithMessage(Error, throwMessage)
})

test('curry', () => {
  expect(range(0)(10)).toEqual([ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 ])
})

Typescript test

import {range} from 'rambda'

describe('R.range', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = range(1, 4)

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = range(1)(4)

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

---------------

reduce

Try this R.reduce example in Rambda REPL

---------------

reject


reject<T>(predicate: Predicate<T>, list: T[]): T[]

It has the opposite effect of R.filter.

Try this R.reject example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

reject<T>(predicate: Predicate<T>, list: T[]): T[];
reject<T>(predicate: Predicate<T>): (list: T[]) => T[];
reject<T>(predicate: Predicate<T>, obj: Dictionary<T>): Dictionary<T>;
reject<T, U>(predicate: Predicate<T>): (obj: Dictionary<T>) => Dictionary<T>;

R.reject source

import { filter } from './filter.js'

export function reject(predicate, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _list => reject(predicate, _list)

  return filter(x => !predicate(x), list)
}

Tests

import { reject } from './reject.js'

const isOdd = n => n % 2 === 1

test('with array', () => {
  expect(reject(isOdd)([ 1, 2, 3, 4 ])).toEqual([ 2, 4 ])
})

test('with object', () => {
  const obj = {
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
    c : 3,
    d : 4,
  }
  expect(reject(isOdd, obj)).toEqual({
    b : 2,
    d : 4,
  })
})

Typescript test

import {reject} from 'rambda'

describe('R.reject with array', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = reject(
      x => {
        x // $ExpectType number
        return x > 1
      },
      [1, 2, 3]
    )
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('curried require explicit type', () => {
    const result = reject<number>(x => {
      x // $ExpectType number
      return x > 1
    })([1, 2, 3])
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

describe('R.reject with objects', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = reject(
      x => {
        x // $ExpectType number

        return x > 1
      },
      {a: 1, b: 2}
    )
    result // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>
  })
  it('curried require dummy type', () => {
    const result = reject<number, any>(x => {
      return x > 1
    })({a: 1, b: 2})
    result // $ExpectType Dictionary<number>
  })
})

---------------

repeat


repeat<T>(x: T): (timesToRepeat: number) => T[]

Try this R.repeat example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

repeat<T>(x: T): (timesToRepeat: number) => T[];
repeat<T>(x: T, timesToRepeat: number): T[];

R.repeat source

export function repeat(x, timesToRepeat){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _timesToRepeat => repeat(x, _timesToRepeat)
  }

  return Array(timesToRepeat).fill(x)
}

Tests

import { repeat } from './repeat.js'

test('repeat', () => {
  expect(repeat('')(3)).toEqual([ '', '', '' ])
  expect(repeat('foo', 3)).toEqual([ 'foo', 'foo', 'foo' ])

  const obj = {}
  const arr = repeat(obj, 3)

  expect(arr).toEqual([ {}, {}, {} ])

  expect(arr[ 0 ] === arr[ 1 ]).toBeTrue()
})

Typescript test

import {repeat} from 'rambda'

describe('R.repeat', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = repeat(4, 7)

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = repeat(4)(7)

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

---------------

replace


replace(strOrRegex: RegExp | string, replacer: string, str: string): string

It replaces strOrRegex found in str with replacer.

Try this R.replace example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

replace(strOrRegex: RegExp | string, replacer: string, str: string): string;
replace(strOrRegex: RegExp | string, replacer: string): (str: string) => string;
replace(strOrRegex: RegExp | string): (replacer: string) => (str: string) => string;

R.replace source

import { curry } from './curry.js'

function replaceFn(
  pattern, replacer, str
){
  return str.replace(pattern, replacer)
}

export const replace = curry(replaceFn)

Tests

import { replace } from './replace.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(replace(
    'foo', 'yes', 'foo bar baz'
  )).toBe('yes bar baz')
})

test('1', () => {
  expect(replace(/\s/g)('|')('foo bar baz')).toBe('foo|bar|baz')
})

test('2', () => {
  expect(replace(/\s/g)('|', 'foo bar baz')).toBe('foo|bar|baz')
})

test('3', () => {
  expect(replace(/\s/g, '|')('foo bar baz')).toBe('foo|bar|baz')
})

Typescript test

import {replace} from 'rambda'

const str = 'foo bar foo'
const replacer = 'bar'

describe('R.replace', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = replace(/foo/g, replacer, str)

    result // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('with string as search pattern', () => {
    const result = replace('foo', replacer, str)

    result // $ExpectType string
  })
})

describe('R.replace - curried', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = replace(/foo/g, replacer)(str)

    result // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('with string as search pattern', () => {
    const result = replace('foo', replacer)(str)

    result // $ExpectType string
  })
})

---------------

reverse


reverse<T>(input: T[]): T[]

It returns a reversed copy of list or string input.

Try this R.reverse example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

reverse<T>(input: T[]): T[];
reverse(input: string): string;

R.reverse source

export function reverse(listOrString){
  if (typeof listOrString === 'string'){
    return listOrString.split('').reverse()
      .join('')
  }

  const clone = listOrString.slice()

  return clone.reverse()
}

Tests

import { reverse } from './reverse.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(reverse([ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 3, 2, 1 ])
})

test('with string', () => {
  expect(reverse('baz')).toBe('zab')
})

test('it doesn\'t mutate', () => {
  const arr = [ 1, 2, 3 ]

  expect(reverse(arr)).toEqual([ 3, 2, 1 ])

  expect(arr).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3 ])
})

Typescript test

import {reverse} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

describe('R.reverse', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = reverse(list)
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

---------------

set


set<T, U>(lens: Lens, replacer: U, obj: T): T

It returns a copied Object or Array with modified lens focus set to replacer value.

Try this R.set example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

set<T, U>(lens: Lens, replacer: U, obj: T): T;
set<U>(lens: Lens, replacer: U): <T>(obj: T) => T;
set(lens: Lens): <T, U>(replacer: U, obj: T) => T;

R.set source

import { always } from './always.js'
import { curry } from './curry.js'
import { over } from './over.js'

function setFn(
  lens, replacer, x
){
  return over(
    lens, always(replacer), x
  )
}

export const set = curry(setFn)

Tests

import { assoc } from './assoc.js'
import { lens } from './lens.js'
import { lensIndex } from './lensIndex.js'
import { lensPath } from './lensPath.js'
import { prop } from './prop.js'
import { set } from './set.js'

const testObject = {
  foo : 'bar',
  baz : {
    a : 'x',
    b : 'y',
  },
}

test('assoc lens', () => {
  const assocLens = lens(prop('foo'), assoc('foo'))
  const result = set(
    assocLens, 'FOO', testObject
  )
  const expected = {
    ...testObject,
    foo : 'FOO',
  }
  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
})

test('path lens', () => {
  const pathLens = lensPath('baz.a')
  const result = set(
    pathLens, 'z', testObject
  )
  const expected = {
    ...testObject,
    baz : {
      a : 'z',
      b : 'y',
    },
  }
  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
})

test('index lens', () => {
  const indexLens = lensIndex(0)

  const result = set(
    indexLens, 3, [ 1, 2 ]
  )
  expect(result).toEqual([ 3, 2 ])
})

---------------

slice


slice(from: number, to: number, input: string): string

Try this R.slice example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

slice(from: number, to: number, input: string): string;
slice<T>(from: number, to: number, input: T[]): T[];
slice(from: number, to: number): {
  (input: string): string;
  <T>(input: T[]): T[];
};
slice(from: number): {
  (to: number, input: string): string;
  <T>(to: number, input: T[]): T[];
};

R.slice source

import { curry } from './curry.js'

function sliceFn(
  from, to, list
){
  return list.slice(from, to)
}

export const slice = curry(sliceFn)

Tests

import { slice } from './slice.js'

test('slice', () => {
  expect(slice(
    1, 3, [ 'a', 'b', 'c', 'd' ]
  )).toEqual([ 'b', 'c' ])
  expect(slice(
    1, Infinity, [ 'a', 'b', 'c', 'd' ]
  )).toEqual([ 'b', 'c', 'd' ])
  expect(slice(
    0, -1, [ 'a', 'b', 'c', 'd' ]
  )).toEqual([ 'a', 'b', 'c' ])
  expect(slice(
    -3, -1, [ 'a', 'b', 'c', 'd' ]
  )).toEqual([ 'b', 'c' ])
  expect(slice(
    0, 3, 'ramda'
  )).toBe('ram')
})

Typescript test

import {slice} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

describe('R.slice', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = slice(1, 3, list)
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = slice(1, 3)(list)
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

---------------

sort


sort<T>(sortFn: (a: T, b: T) => number, list: T[]): T[]

It returns copy of list sorted by sortFn function, where sortFn needs to return only -1, 0 or 1.

Try this R.sort example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

sort<T>(sortFn: (a: T, b: T) => number, list: T[]): T[];
sort<T>(sortFn: (a: T, b: T) => number): (list: T[]) => T[];

R.sort source

import { cloneList } from './_internals/cloneList.js'

export function sort(sortFn, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _list => sort(sortFn, _list)

  return cloneList(list).sort(sortFn)
}

Tests

import { sort } from './sort.js'

const fn = (a, b) => a > b ? 1 : -1

test('sort', () => {
  expect(sort((a, b) => a - b)([ 2, 3, 1 ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3 ])
})

test('it doesn\'t mutate', () => {
  const list = [ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ]

  expect(sort(fn, list)).toEqual([ 'bar', 'baz', 'foo' ])

  expect(list[ 0 ]).toBe('foo')
  expect(list[ 1 ]).toBe('bar')
  expect(list[ 2 ]).toBe('baz')
})

Typescript test

import {sort} from 'rambda'

const list = [3, 0, 5, 2, 1]

function sortFn(a: number, b: number): number {
  return a > b ? 1 : -1
}

describe('R.sort', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = sort(sortFn, list)
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = sort(sortFn)(list)
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

---------------

sortBy


sortBy<T>(sortFn: (a: T) => Ord, list: T[]): T[]

It returns copy of list sorted by sortFn function, where sortFn function returns a value to compare, i.e. it doesn't need to return only -1, 0 or 1.

Try this R.sortBy example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

sortBy<T>(sortFn: (a: T) => Ord, list: T[]): T[];
sortBy<T>(sortFn: (a: T) => Ord): (list: T[]) => T[];
sortBy(sortFn: (a: any) => Ord): <T>(list: T[]) => T[];

R.sortBy source

import { cloneList } from './_internals/cloneList.js'

export function sortBy(sortFn, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _list => sortBy(sortFn, _list)

  const clone = cloneList(list)

  return clone.sort((a, b) => {
    const aSortResult = sortFn(a)
    const bSortResult = sortFn(b)

    if (aSortResult === bSortResult) return 0

    return aSortResult < bSortResult ? -1 : 1
  })
}

Tests

import { compose } from './compose.js'
import { prop } from './prop.js'
import { sortBy } from './sortBy.js'
import { toLower } from './toLower.js'

test('happy', () => {
  const input = [ { a : 2 }, { a : 1 }, { a : 1 }, { a : 3 } ]
  const expected = [ { a : 1 }, { a : 1 }, { a : 2 }, { a : 3 } ]

  const result = sortBy(x => x.a)(input)
  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
})

test('with compose', () => {
  const alice = {
    name : 'ALICE',
    age  : 101,
  }
  const bob = {
    name : 'Bob',
    age  : -10,
  }
  const clara = {
    name : 'clara',
    age  : 314.159,
  }
  const people = [ clara, bob, alice ]
  const sortByNameCaseInsensitive = sortBy(compose(toLower, prop('name')))

  expect(sortByNameCaseInsensitive(people)).toEqual([ alice, bob, clara ])
})

Typescript test

import {sortBy, pipe} from 'rambda'

interface Input {
  a: number,
}

describe('R.sortBy', () => {
  it('passing type to sort function', () => {
    function fn(x: any): number {
      return x.a
    }
    function fn2(x: Input): number {
      return x.a
    }

    const input = [{a: 2}, {a: 1}, {a: 0}]
    const result = sortBy(fn, input)
    const curriedResult = sortBy(fn2)(input)

    result // $ExpectType { a: number; }[]
    curriedResult // $ExpectType Input[]
    result[0].a // $ExpectType number
    curriedResult[0].a // $ExpectType number
  })
  it('passing type to sort function and list', () => {
    function fn(x: Input): number {
      return x.a
    }

    const input: Input[] = [{a: 2}, {a: 1}, {a: 0}]
    const result = sortBy(fn, input)
    const curriedResult = sortBy(fn)(input)

    result // $ExpectType Input[]
    curriedResult // $ExpectType Input[]
    result[0].a // $ExpectType number
  })
  it('with R.pipe', () => {
    interface Obj {
      value: number,
    }
    const fn = pipe(sortBy<Obj>(x => x.value))

    const result = fn([{value: 1}, {value: 2}])
    result // $ExpectType Obj[]
  })
})

---------------

split


split(separator: string | RegExp): (str: string) => string[]

Curried version of String.prototype.split

Try this R.split example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

split(separator: string | RegExp): (str: string) => string[];
split(separator: string | RegExp, str: string): string[];

R.split source

export function split(separator, str){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _str => split(separator, _str)

  return str.split(separator)
}

Tests

import { split } from './split.js'

const str = 'foo|bar|baz'
const splitChar = '|'
const expected = [ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ]

test('happy', () => {
  expect(split(splitChar, str)).toEqual(expected)
})

test('curried', () => {
  expect(split(splitChar)(str)).toEqual(expected)
})

Typescript test

import {split} from 'rambda'

const str = 'foo|bar|baz'
const splitChar = '|'

describe('R.split', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = split(splitChar, str)

    result // $ExpectType string[]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = split(splitChar)(str)

    result // $ExpectType string[]
  })
})

---------------

splitAt


splitAt<T>(index: number, input: T[]): [T[], T[]]

It splits string or array at a given index.

Try this R.splitAt example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

splitAt<T>(index: number, input: T[]): [T[], T[]];
splitAt(index: number, input: string): [string, string];
splitAt(index: number): {
    <T>(input: T[]): [T[], T[]];
    (input: string): [string, string];
};

R.splitAt source

import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'
import { drop } from './drop.js'
import { maybe } from './maybe.js'
import { take } from './take.js'

export function splitAt(index, input){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _list => splitAt(index, _list)
  }
  if (!input) throw new TypeError(`Cannot read property 'slice' of ${ input }`)

  if (!isArray(input) && typeof input !== 'string') return [ [], [] ]

  const correctIndex = maybe(
    index < 0,
    input.length + index < 0 ? 0 : input.length + index,
    index
  )

  return [ take(correctIndex, input), drop(correctIndex, input) ]
}

Tests

import { splitAt as splitAtRamda } from 'ramda'

import { splitAt } from './splitAt.js'

const list = [ 1, 2, 3 ]
const str = 'foo bar'

test('with array', () => {
  const result = splitAt(2, list)
  expect(result).toEqual([ [ 1, 2 ], [ 3 ] ])
})

test('with array - index is negative number', () => {
  const result = splitAt(-6, list)
  expect(result).toEqual([ [], list ])
})

test('with array - index is out of scope', () => {
  const result = splitAt(4, list)
  expect(result).toEqual([ [ 1, 2, 3 ], [] ])
})

test('with string', () => {
  const result = splitAt(4, str)
  expect(result).toEqual([ 'foo ', 'bar' ])
})

test('with string - index is negative number', () => {
  const result = splitAt(-2, str)
  expect(result).toEqual([ 'foo b', 'ar' ])
})

test('with string - index is out of scope', () => {
  const result = splitAt(10, str)
  expect(result).toEqual([ str, '' ])
})

test('with array - index is out of scope', () => {
  const result = splitAt(4)(list)
  expect(result).toEqual([ [ 1, 2, 3 ], [] ])
})

const badInputs = [ 1, true, /foo/g, {} ]
const throwingBadInputs = [ null, undefined ]

test('with bad inputs', () => {
  throwingBadInputs.forEach(badInput => {
    expect(() => splitAt(1, badInput)).toThrowWithMessage(TypeError,
      `Cannot read property 'slice' of ${ badInput }`)
    expect(() => splitAtRamda(1, badInput)).toThrowWithMessage(TypeError,
      `Cannot read properties of ${ badInput } (reading 'slice')`)
  })

  badInputs.forEach(badInput => {
    const result = splitAt(1, badInput)
    const ramdaResult = splitAtRamda(1, badInput)
    expect(result).toEqual(ramdaResult)
  })
})

Typescript test

import {splitAt} from 'rambda'

const index = 1
const str = 'foo'
const list = [1, 2, 3]

describe('R.splitAt with array', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = splitAt(index, list)

    result // $ExpectType [number[], number[]]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = splitAt(index)(list)

    result // $ExpectType [number[], number[]]
  })
})

describe('R.splitAt with string', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = splitAt(index, str)

    result // $ExpectType [string, string]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = splitAt(index)(str)

    result // $ExpectType [string, string]
  })
})

---------------

splitEvery


splitEvery<T>(sliceLength: number, input: T[]): (T[])[]

It splits input into slices of sliceLength.

Try this R.splitEvery example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

splitEvery<T>(sliceLength: number, input: T[]): (T[])[];
splitEvery(sliceLength: number, input: string): string[];
splitEvery(sliceLength: number): {
  (input: string): string[];
  <T>(input: T[]): (T[])[];
};

R.splitEvery source

export function splitEvery(sliceLength, listOrString){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _listOrString => splitEvery(sliceLength, _listOrString)
  }

  if (sliceLength < 1){
    throw new Error('First argument to splitEvery must be a positive integer')
  }

  const willReturn = []
  let counter = 0

  while (counter < listOrString.length){
    willReturn.push(listOrString.slice(counter, counter += sliceLength))
  }

  return willReturn
}

Tests

import { splitEvery } from './splitEvery.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(splitEvery(3, [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 ])).toEqual([
    [ 1, 2, 3 ],
    [ 4, 5, 6 ],
    [ 7 ],
  ])

  expect(splitEvery(3)('foobarbaz')).toEqual([ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])
})

test('with bad input', () => {
  expect(() =>
    expect(splitEvery(0)('foo')).toEqual([ 'f', 'o', 'o' ])).toThrowErrorMatchingInlineSnapshot('"First argument to splitEvery must be a positive integer"')
})

Typescript test

import {splitEvery} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7]

describe('R.splitEvery', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = splitEvery(3, list)

    result // $ExpectType number[][]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = splitEvery(3)(list)

    result // $ExpectType number[][]
  })
})

---------------

splitWhen


splitWhen<T, U>(predicate: Predicate<T>, list: U[]): (U[])[]

It splits list to two arrays according to a predicate function.

The first array contains all members of list before predicate returns true.

Try this R.splitWhen example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

splitWhen<T, U>(predicate: Predicate<T>, list: U[]): (U[])[];
splitWhen<T>(predicate: Predicate<T>): <U>(list: U[]) => (U[])[];

R.splitWhen source

export function splitWhen(predicate, input){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _input => splitWhen(predicate, _input)
  }
  if (!input)
    throw new TypeError(`Cannot read property 'length' of ${ input }`)

  const preFound = []
  const postFound = []
  let found = false
  let counter = -1

  while (counter++ < input.length - 1){
    if (found){
      postFound.push(input[ counter ])
    } else if (predicate(input[ counter ])){
      postFound.push(input[ counter ])
      found = true
    } else {
      preFound.push(input[ counter ])
    }
  }

  return [ preFound, postFound ]
}

Tests

import { splitWhen as splitWhenRamda } from 'ramda'

import { equals } from './equals.js'
import { splitWhen } from './splitWhen.js'

const list = [ 1, 2, 1, 2 ]

test('happy', () => {
  const result = splitWhen(equals(2), list)
  expect(result).toEqual([ [ 1 ], [ 2, 1, 2 ] ])
})

test('when predicate returns false', () => {
  const result = splitWhen(equals(3))(list)
  expect(result).toEqual([ list, [] ])
})

const badInputs = [ 1, true, /foo/g, {} ]
const throwingBadInputs = [ null, undefined ]

test('with bad inputs', () => {
  throwingBadInputs.forEach(badInput => {
    expect(() => splitWhen(equals(2), badInput)).toThrowWithMessage(TypeError,
      `Cannot read property 'length' of ${ badInput }`)
    expect(() => splitWhenRamda(equals(2), badInput)).toThrowWithMessage(TypeError,
      `Cannot read properties of ${ badInput } (reading 'length')`)
  })

  badInputs.forEach(badInput => {
    const result = splitWhen(equals(2), badInput)
    const ramdaResult = splitWhenRamda(equals(2), badInput)
    expect(result).toEqual(ramdaResult)
  })
})

Typescript test

import {splitWhen} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 1, 2]
const predicate = (x: number) => x === 2

describe('R.splitWhen', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = splitWhen(predicate, list)

    result // $ExpectType number[][]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = splitWhen(predicate)(list)

    result // $ExpectType number[][]
  })
})

---------------

startsWith


startsWith(target: string, str: string): boolean

When iterable is a string, then it behaves as String.prototype.startsWith. When iterable is a list, then it uses R.equals to determine if the target list starts in the same way as the given target.

Try this R.startsWith example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

startsWith(target: string, str: string): boolean;
startsWith(target: string): (str: string) => boolean;
startsWith<T>(target: T[], list: T[]): boolean;
startsWith<T>(target: T[]): (list: T[]) => boolean;

R.startsWith source

import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'
import { equals } from './equals.js'

export function startsWith(target, iterable){
  if (arguments.length === 1)
    return _iterable => startsWith(target, _iterable)

  if (typeof iterable === 'string'){
    return iterable.startsWith(target)
  }
  if (!isArray(target)) return false

  let correct = true
  const filtered = target.filter((x, index) => {
    if (!correct) return false
    const result = equals(x, iterable[ index ])
    if (!result) correct = false

    return result
  })

  return filtered.length === target.length
}

Tests

import { startsWith as startsWithRamda } from 'ramda'

import { compareCombinations } from './_internals/testUtils.js'
import { possibleIterables, possibleTargets } from './endsWith.spec.js'
import { startsWith } from './startsWith.js'

test('with string', () => {
  expect(startsWith('foo', 'foo-bar')).toBeTrue()
  expect(startsWith('baz')('foo-bar')).toBeFalse()
})

test('use R.equals with array', () => {
  const list = [ { a : 1 }, { a : 2 }, { a : 3 } ]
  expect(startsWith({ a : 1 }, list)).toBeFalse()
  expect(startsWith([ { a : 1 } ], list)).toBeTrue()
  expect(startsWith([ { a : 1 }, { a : 2 } ], list)).toBeTrue()
  expect(startsWith(list, list)).toBeTrue()
  expect(startsWith([ { a : 2 } ], list)).toBeFalse()
})

describe('brute force', () => {
  compareCombinations({
    fn          : startsWith,
    fnRamda     : startsWithRamda,
    firstInput  : possibleTargets,
    secondInput : possibleIterables,
    callback    : errorsCounters => {
      expect(errorsCounters).toMatchInlineSnapshot(`
        {
          "ERRORS_MESSAGE_MISMATCH": 0,
          "ERRORS_TYPE_MISMATCH": 0,
          "RESULTS_MISMATCH": 0,
          "SHOULD_NOT_THROW": 0,
          "SHOULD_THROW": 0,
          "TOTAL_TESTS": 32,
        }
      `)
    },
  })
})

Typescript test

import {startsWith} from 'rambda'

describe('R.startsWith - array as iterable', () => {
  const target = [{a: 1}]
  const iterable = [{a: 1}, {a: 2}]
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = startsWith(target, iterable)

    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = startsWith(target)(iterable)

    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

describe('R.startsWith - string as iterable', () => {
  const target = 'foo'
  const iterable = 'foo bar'
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = startsWith(target, iterable)

    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = startsWith(target)(iterable)

    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

subtract

Curried version of x - y

Try this R.subtract example in Rambda REPL

---------------

sum


sum(list: number[]): number

Try this R.sum example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

sum(list: number[]): number;

R.sum source

export function sum(list){
  return list.reduce((prev, current) => prev + current, 0)
}

Tests

import { sum } from './sum.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(sum([ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ])).toBe(15)
})

---------------

symmetricDifference


symmetricDifference<T>(x: T[], y: T[]): T[]

It returns a merged list of x and y with all equal elements removed.

R.equals is used to determine equality.

Try this R.symmetricDifference example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

symmetricDifference<T>(x: T[], y: T[]): T[];
symmetricDifference<T>(x: T[]): <T>(y: T[]) => T[];

R.symmetricDifference source

import { concat } from './concat.js'
import { filter } from './filter.js'
import { includes } from './includes.js'

export function symmetricDifference(x, y){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _y => symmetricDifference(x, _y)
  }

  return concat(filter(value => !includes(value, y), x),
    filter(value => !includes(value, x), y))
}

Tests

import { symmetricDifference } from './symmetricDifference.js'

test('symmetricDifference', () => {
  const list1 = [ 1, 2, 3, 4 ]
  const list2 = [ 3, 4, 5, 6 ]
  expect(symmetricDifference(list1)(list2)).toEqual([ 1, 2, 5, 6 ])

  expect(symmetricDifference([], [])).toEqual([])
})

test('symmetricDifference with objects', () => {
  const list1 = [ { id : 1 }, { id : 2 }, { id : 3 }, { id : 4 } ]
  const list2 = [ { id : 3 }, { id : 4 }, { id : 5 }, { id : 6 } ]
  expect(symmetricDifference(list1)(list2)).toEqual([
    { id : 1 },
    { id : 2 },
    { id : 5 },
    { id : 6 },
  ])
})

Typescript test

import {symmetricDifference} from 'rambda'

describe('R.symmetricDifference', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const list1 = [1, 2, 3, 4]
    const list2 = [3, 4, 5, 6]
    const result = symmetricDifference(list1, list2)

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })

  it('curried', () => {
    const list1 = [{id: 1}, {id: 2}, {id: 3}, {id: 4}]
    const list2 = [{id: 3}, {id: 4}, {id: 5}, {id: 6}]
    const result = symmetricDifference(list1)(list2)

    result // $ExpectType { id: number; }[]
  })
})

---------------

T


T(): boolean

Try this R.T example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

T(): boolean;

R.T source

export function T(){
  return true
}

---------------

tail


tail<T extends unknown[]>(input: T): T extends [any, ...infer U] ? U : [...T]

It returns all but the first element of input.

Try this R.tail example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

tail<T extends unknown[]>(input: T): T extends [any, ...infer U] ? U : [...T];
tail(input: string): string;

R.tail source

import { drop } from './drop.js'

export function tail(listOrString){
  return drop(1, listOrString)
}

Tests

import { tail } from './tail.js'

test('tail', () => {
  expect(tail([ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 2, 3 ])
  expect(tail([ 1, 2 ])).toEqual([ 2 ])
  expect(tail([ 1 ])).toEqual([])
  expect(tail([])).toEqual([])

  expect(tail('abc')).toBe('bc')
  expect(tail('ab')).toBe('b')
  expect(tail('a')).toBe('')
  expect(tail('')).toBe('')
})

Typescript test

import {tail} from 'rambda'

describe('R.tail', () => {
  it('with string', () => {
    const result = tail('foo')

    result // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('with list - one type', () => {
    const result = tail([1, 2, 3])

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('with list - mixed types', () => {
    const result = tail(['foo', 'bar', 1, 2, 3])

    result // $ExpectType (string | number)[]
  })
})

---------------

take


take<T>(howMany: number, input: T[]): T[]

It returns the first howMany elements of input.

Try this R.take example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

take<T>(howMany: number, input: T[]): T[];
take(howMany: number, input: string): string;
take<T>(howMany: number): {
  <T>(input: T[]): T[];
  (input: string): string;
};

R.take source

import baseSlice from './_internals/baseSlice.js'

export function take(howMany, listOrString){
  if (arguments.length === 1)
    return _listOrString => take(howMany, _listOrString)
  if (howMany < 0) return listOrString.slice()
  if (typeof listOrString === 'string') return listOrString.slice(0, howMany)

  return baseSlice(
    listOrString, 0, howMany
  )
}

Tests

import { take } from './take.js'

test('happy', () => {
  const arr = [ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ]

  expect(take(1, arr)).toEqual([ 'foo' ])

  expect(arr).toEqual([ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])

  expect(take(2)([ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])).toEqual([ 'foo', 'bar' ])
  expect(take(3, [ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])).toEqual([ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])
  expect(take(4, [ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])).toEqual([ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])
  expect(take(3)('rambda')).toBe('ram')
})

test('with negative index', () => {
  expect(take(-1, [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3 ])
  expect(take(-Infinity, [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3 ])
})

test('with zero index', () => {
  expect(take(0, [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([])
})

Typescript test

import {take} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3, 4]
const str = 'foobar'
const howMany = 2

describe('R.take - array', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = take(howMany, list)

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = take(howMany)(list)

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

describe('R.take - string', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = take(howMany, str)

    result // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = take(howMany)(str)

    result // $ExpectType string
  })
})

---------------

takeLast


takeLast<T>(howMany: number, input: T[]): T[]

It returns the last howMany elements of input.

Try this R.takeLast example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

takeLast<T>(howMany: number, input: T[]): T[];
takeLast(howMany: number, input: string): string;
takeLast<T>(howMany: number): {
  <T>(input: T[]): T[];
  (input: string): string;
};

R.takeLast source

import baseSlice from './_internals/baseSlice.js'

export function takeLast(howMany, listOrString){
  if (arguments.length === 1)
    return _listOrString => takeLast(howMany, _listOrString)

  const len = listOrString.length
  if (howMany < 0) return listOrString.slice()
  let numValue = howMany > len ? len : howMany

  if (typeof listOrString === 'string')
    return listOrString.slice(len - numValue)

  numValue = len - numValue

  return baseSlice(
    listOrString, numValue, len
  )
}

Tests

import { takeLast } from './takeLast.js'

test('with arrays', () => {
  expect(takeLast(1, [ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])).toEqual([ 'baz' ])

  expect(takeLast(2)([ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])).toEqual([ 'bar', 'baz' ])

  expect(takeLast(3, [ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])).toEqual([ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])

  expect(takeLast(4, [ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])).toEqual([ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])

  expect(takeLast(10, [ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])).toEqual([ 'foo', 'bar', 'baz' ])
})

test('with strings', () => {
  expect(takeLast(3, 'rambda')).toBe('bda')

  expect(takeLast(7, 'rambda')).toBe('rambda')
})

test('with negative index', () => {
  expect(takeLast(-1, [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3 ])
  expect(takeLast(-Infinity, [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3 ])
})

Typescript test

import {takeLast} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3, 4]
const str = 'foobar'
const howMany = 2

describe('R.takeLast - array', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = takeLast(howMany, list)

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = takeLast(howMany)(list)

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

describe('R.takeLast - string', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = takeLast(howMany, str)

    result // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = takeLast(howMany)(str)

    result // $ExpectType string
  })
})

---------------

takeLastWhile


takeLastWhile(predicate: (x: string) => boolean, input: string): string

Try this R.takeLastWhile example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

takeLastWhile(predicate: (x: string) => boolean, input: string): string;
takeLastWhile(predicate: (x: string) => boolean): (input: string) => string;
takeLastWhile<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, input: T[]): T[];
takeLastWhile<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean): <T>(input: T[]) => T[];

R.takeLastWhile source

import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'

export function takeLastWhile(predicate, input){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _input => takeLastWhile(predicate, _input)
  }
  if (input.length === 0) return input
  let found = false
  const toReturn = []
  let counter = input.length

  while (!found && counter){
    counter--
    if (predicate(input[ counter ]) === false){
      found = true
    } else if (!found){
      toReturn.push(input[ counter ])
    }
  }

  return isArray(input) ? toReturn.reverse() : toReturn.reverse().join('')
}

Tests

import { takeLastWhile } from './takeLastWhile.js'
const assert = require('assert')

const list = [ 1, 2, 3, 4 ]

test('happy', () => {
  const predicate = x => x > 2
  const result = takeLastWhile(predicate, list)
  expect(result).toEqual([ 3, 4 ])
})

test('predicate is always true', () => {
  const predicate = () => true
  const result = takeLastWhile(predicate)(list)
  expect(result).toEqual(list)
})

test('predicate is always false', () => {
  const predicate = () => false
  const result = takeLastWhile(predicate, list)
  expect(result).toEqual([])
})

test('with string', () => {
  const result = takeLastWhile(x => x !== 'F', 'FOOBAR')
  expect(result).toBe('OOBAR')
})

Typescript test

import {takeLastWhile} from 'rambda'

const list = [1, 2, 3]
const str = 'FOO'

describe('R.takeLastWhile', () => {
  it('with array', () => {
    const result = takeLastWhile(x => x > 1, list)

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('with array - curried', () => {
    const result = takeLastWhile(x => x > 1, list)

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('with string', () => {
    const result = takeLastWhile(x => x !== 'F', str)

    result // $ExpectType string
  })
  it('with string - curried', () => {
    const result = takeLastWhile(x => x !== 'F')(str)

    result // $ExpectType string
  })
})

---------------

takeWhile

Try this R.takeWhile example in Rambda REPL

---------------

tap


tap<T>(fn: (x: T) => void, input: T): T

It applies function fn to input x and returns x.

One use case is debuging in the middle of R.compose.

Try this R.tap example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

tap<T>(fn: (x: T) => void, input: T): T;
tap<T>(fn: (x: T) => void): (input: T) => T;

R.tap source

export function tap(fn, x){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _x => tap(fn, _x)

  fn(x)

  return x
}

Tests

import { tap } from './tap.js'

test('tap', () => {
  let a = 1
  const sayX = x => a = x

  expect(tap(sayX, 100)).toBe(100)
  expect(tap(sayX)(100)).toBe(100)
  expect(a).toBe(100)
})

Typescript test

import {tap, pipe} from 'rambda'

describe('R.tap', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    pipe(
      tap(x => {
        x // $ExpectType number[]
      }),
      (x: number[]) => x.length
    )([1, 2])
  })
})

---------------

test


test(regExpression: RegExp): (str: string) => boolean

It determines whether str matches regExpression.

Try this R.test example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

test(regExpression: RegExp): (str: string) => boolean;
test(regExpression: RegExp, str: string): boolean;

R.test source

export function test(pattern, str){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _str => test(pattern, _str)

  if (typeof pattern === 'string'){
    throw new TypeError(`R.test requires a value of type RegExp as its first argument; received "${ pattern }"`)
  }

  return str.search(pattern) !== -1
}

Tests

import { test as testMethod } from './test.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(testMethod(/^x/, 'xyz')).toBeTrue()

  expect(testMethod(/^y/)('xyz')).toBeFalse()
})

test('throws if first argument is not regex', () => {
  expect(() => testMethod('foo', 'bar')).toThrowErrorMatchingInlineSnapshot('"R.test requires a value of type RegExp as its first argument; received "foo""')
})

Typescript test

import {test} from 'rambda'

const input = 'foo   '
const regex = /foo/

describe('R.test', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = test(regex, input)

    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = test(regex)(input)

    result // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

times


times<T>(fn: (i: number) => T, howMany: number): T[]

It returns the result of applying function fn over members of range array.

The range array includes numbers between 0 and howMany(exclusive).

Try this R.times example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

times<T>(fn: (i: number) => T, howMany: number): T[];
times<T>(fn: (i: number) => T): (howMany: number) => T[];

R.times source

import { isInteger } from './_internals/isInteger.js'
import { map } from './map.js'
import { range } from './range.js'

export function times(fn, howMany){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _howMany => times(fn, _howMany)
  if (!isInteger(howMany) || howMany < 0){
    throw new RangeError('n must be an integer')
  }

  return map(fn, range(0, howMany))
}

Tests

import assert from 'assert'

import { identity } from './identity.js'
import { times } from './times.js'

test('happy', () => {
  const result = times(identity, 5)

  expect(result).toEqual([ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 ])
})

test('with bad input', () => {
  assert.throws(() => {
    times(3)('cheers!')
  }, RangeError)
  assert.throws(() => {
    times(identity, -1)
  }, RangeError)
})

test('curry', () => {
  const result = times(identity)(5)

  expect(result).toEqual([ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 ])
})

Typescript test

import {times, identity} from 'rambda'

describe('R.times', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = times(identity, 5)
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

---------------

toLower


toLower<S extends string>(str: S): Lowercase<S>

Try this R.toLower example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

toLower<S extends string>(str: S): Lowercase<S>;
toLower(str: string): string;

R.toLower source

export function toLower(str){
  return str.toLowerCase()
}

Tests

import { toLower } from './toLower.js'

test('toLower', () => {
  expect(toLower('FOO|BAR|BAZ')).toBe('foo|bar|baz')
})

---------------

toPairs


toPairs<O extends object, K extends Extract<keyof O, string | number>>(obj: O): Array<{ [key in K]: [`${key}`, O[key]] }[K]>

It transforms an object to a list.

Try this R.toPairs example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

toPairs<O extends object, K extends Extract<keyof O, string | number>>(obj: O): Array<{ [key in K]: [`${key}`, O[key]] }[K]>;
toPairs<S>(obj: Record<string | number, S>): Array<[string, S]>;

R.toPairs source

export function toPairs(obj){
  return Object.entries(obj)
}

Tests

import { toPairs } from './toPairs.js'

const obj = {
  a : 1,
  b : 2,
  c : [ 3, 4 ],
}
const expected = [
  [ 'a', 1 ],
  [ 'b', 2 ],
  [ 'c', [ 3, 4 ] ],
]

test('happy', () => {
  expect(toPairs(obj)).toEqual(expected)
})

Typescript test

import {toPairs} from 'rambda'

const obj = {
  a: 1,
  b: 2,
  c: [3, 4],
}

describe('R.toPairs', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = toPairs(obj)

    result // $ExpectType (["b", number] | ["a", number] | ["c", number[]])[]
  })
})

---------------

toString


toString(x: unknown): string

Try this R.toString example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

toString(x: unknown): string;

R.toString source

export function toString(x){
  return x.toString()
}

Tests

import { toString } from './toString.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(toString([ 1, 2, 3 ])).toBe('1,2,3')
})

---------------

toUpper


toUpper<S extends string>(str: S): Uppercase<S>

Try this R.toUpper example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

toUpper<S extends string>(str: S): Uppercase<S>;
toUpper(str: string): string;

R.toUpper source

export function toUpper(str){
  return str.toUpperCase()
}

Tests

import { toUpper } from './toUpper.js'

test('toUpper', () => {
  expect(toUpper('foo|bar|baz')).toBe('FOO|BAR|BAZ')
})

---------------

transpose


transpose<T>(list: (T[])[]): (T[])[]

Try this R.transpose example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

transpose<T>(list: (T[])[]): (T[])[];

R.transpose source

import { isArray } from './_internals/isArray.js'

export function transpose(array){
  return array.reduce((acc, el) => {
    el.forEach((nestedEl, i) =>
      isArray(acc[ i ]) ? acc[ i ].push(nestedEl) : acc.push([ nestedEl ]))

    return acc
  }, [])
}

Tests

import { transpose } from './transpose.js'

test('happy', () => {
  const input = [
    [ 'a', 1 ],
    [ 'b', 2 ],
    [ 'c', 3 ],
  ]

  expect(transpose(input)).toEqual([
    [ 'a', 'b', 'c' ],
    [ 1, 2, 3 ],
  ])
})

test('when rows are shorter', () => {
  const actual = transpose([ [ 10, 11 ], [ 20 ], [], [ 30, 31, 32 ] ])
  const expected = [ [ 10, 20, 30 ], [ 11, 31 ], [ 32 ] ]
  expect(actual).toEqual(expected)
})

test('with empty array', () => {
  expect(transpose([])).toEqual([])
})

test('array with falsy values', () => {
  const actual = transpose([
    [ true, false, undefined, null ],
    [ null, undefined, false, true ],
  ])
  const expected = [
    [ true, null ],
    [ false, undefined ],
    [ undefined, false ],
    [ null, true ],
  ]
  expect(actual).toEqual(expected)
})

Typescript test

import {transpose} from 'rambda'

const input = [
  ['a', 1],
  ['b', 2],
  ['c', 3],
]

describe('R.transpose', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = transpose(input)

    result // $ExpectType (string | number)[][]
  })
})

---------------

trim


trim(str: string): string

Try this R.trim example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

trim(str: string): string;

R.trim source

export function trim(str){
  return str.trim()
}

Tests

import { trim } from './trim.js'

test('trim', () => {
  expect(trim(' foo ')).toBe('foo')
})

---------------

tryCatch

It returns function that runs fn in try/catch block. If there was an error, then fallback is used to return the result. Note that fn can be value or asynchronous/synchronous function(unlike Ramda where fallback can only be a synchronous function).

Try this R.tryCatch example in Rambda REPL

---------------

type

It accepts any input and it returns its type.

Try this R.type example in Rambda REPL

---------------

unapply


unapply<T = any>(fn: (args: any[]) => T): (...args: any[]) => T

It calls a function fn with the list of values of the returned function.

R.unapply is the opposite of R.apply method.

Try this R.unapply example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

unapply<T = any>(fn: (args: any[]) => T): (...args: any[]) => T;

R.unapply source

export function unapply(fn){
  return function (...args){
    return fn.call(this, args)
  }
}

Tests

import { apply } from './apply.js'
import { converge } from './converge.js'
import { identity } from './identity.js'
import { prop } from './prop.js'
import { sum } from './sum.js'
import { unapply } from './unapply.js'

test('happy', () => {
  const fn = unapply(identity)
  expect(fn(
    1, 2, 3
  )).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3 ])
  expect(fn()).toEqual([])
})

test('returns a function which is always passed one argument', () => {
  const fn = unapply(function (){
    return arguments.length
  })
  expect(fn('x')).toBe(1)
  expect(fn('x', 'y')).toBe(1)
  expect(fn(
    'x', 'y', 'z'
  )).toBe(1)
})

test('forwards arguments to decorated function as an array', () => {
  const fn = unapply(xs => '[' + xs + ']')
  expect(fn(2)).toBe('[2]')
  expect(fn(2, 4)).toBe('[2,4]')
  expect(fn(
    2, 4, 6
  )).toBe('[2,4,6]')
})

test('returns a function with length 0', () => {
  const fn = unapply(identity)
  expect(fn).toHaveLength(0)
})

test('is the inverse of R.apply', () => {
  let a, b, c, d, e, f, g, n
  const rand = function (){
    return Math.floor(200 * Math.random()) - 100
  }

  f = Math.max
  g = unapply(apply(f))
  n = 1
  while (n <= 100){
    a = rand()
    b = rand()
    c = rand()
    d = rand()
    e = rand()
    expect(f(
      a, b, c, d, e
    )).toEqual(g(
      a, b, c, d, e
    ))
    n += 1
  }

  f = function (xs){
    return '[' + xs + ']'
  }
  g = apply(unapply(f))
  n = 1
  while (n <= 100){
    a = rand()
    b = rand()
    c = rand()
    d = rand()
    e = rand()
    expect(f([ a, b, c, d, e ])).toEqual(g([ a, b, c, d, e ]))
    n += 1
  }
})

test('it works with converge', () => {
  const fn = unapply(sum)
  const convergeFn = converge(fn, [ prop('a'), prop('b'), prop('c') ])
  const obj = {
    a : 1337,
    b : 42,
    c : 1,
  }
  const expected = 1337 + 42 + 1
  expect(convergeFn(obj)).toEqual(expected)
})

Typescript test

import {join, unapply, sum} from 'rambda'

describe('R.unapply', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const fn = unapply(sum)

    fn(1, 2, 3) // $ExpectType number
  })

  it('joins a string', () => {
    const fn = unapply(join(''))

    fn('s', 't', 'r', 'i', 'n', 'g') // $ExpectType string
  })
})

---------------

union


union<T>(x: T[], y: T[]): T[]

It takes two lists and return a new list containing a merger of both list with removed duplicates.

R.equals is used to compare for duplication.

Try this R.union example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

union<T>(x: T[], y: T[]): T[];
union<T>(x: T[]): (y: T[]) => T[];

R.union source

import { cloneList } from './_internals/cloneList.js'
import { includes } from './includes.js'

export function union(x, y){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _y => union(x, _y)

  const toReturn = cloneList(x)

  y.forEach(yInstance => {
    if (!includes(yInstance, x)) toReturn.push(yInstance)
  })

  return toReturn
}

Tests

import { union } from './union.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(union([ 1, 2 ], [ 2, 3 ])).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3 ])
})

test('with list of objects', () => {
  const list1 = [ { a : 1 }, { a : 2 } ]
  const list2 = [ { a : 2 }, { a : 3 } ]
  const result = union(list1)(list2)
})

Typescript test

import {union} from 'rambda'

describe('R.union', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = union([1, 2], [2, 3])

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('with array of objects - case 1', () => {
    const list1 = [{a: 1}, {a: 2}]
    const list2 = [{a: 2}, {a: 3}]
    const result = union(list1, list2)
    result // $ExpectType { a: number; }[]
  })
  it('with array of objects - case 2', () => {
    const list1 = [{a: 1, b: 1}, {a: 2}]
    const list2 = [{a: 2}, {a: 3, b: 3}]
    const result = union(list1, list2)
    result[0].a // $ExpectType number
    result[0].b // $ExpectType number | undefined
  })
})

describe('R.union - curried', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = union([1, 2])([2, 3])

    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
  it('with array of objects - case 1', () => {
    const list1 = [{a: 1}, {a: 2}]
    const list2 = [{a: 2}, {a: 3}]
    const result = union(list1)(list2)
    result // $ExpectType { a: number; }[]
  })
  it('with array of objects - case 2', () => {
    const list1 = [{a: 1, b: 1}, {a: 2}]
    const list2 = [{a: 2}, {a: 3, b: 3}]
    const result = union(list1)(list2)
    result[0].a // $ExpectType number
    result[0].b // $ExpectType number | undefined
  })
})

---------------

uniq


uniq<T>(list: T[]): T[]

It returns a new array containing only one copy of each element of list.

R.equals is used to determine equality.

Try this R.uniq example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

uniq<T>(list: T[]): T[];

R.uniq source

import { _Set } from './_internals/set.js'

export function uniq(list){
  const set = new _Set()
  const willReturn = []
  list.forEach(item => {
    if (set.checkUniqueness(item)){
      willReturn.push(item)
    }
  })

  return willReturn
}

Tests

import { uniq } from './uniq.js'

test('happy', () => {
  const list = [ 1, 2, 3, 3, 3, 1, 2, 0 ]
  expect(uniq(list)).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3, 0 ])
})

test('with object', () => {
  const list = [ { a : 1 }, { a : 2 }, { a : 1 }, { a : 2 } ]
  expect(uniq(list)).toEqual([ { a : 1 }, { a : 2 } ])
})

test('with nested array', () => {
  expect(uniq([ [ 42 ], [ 42 ] ])).toEqual([ [ 42 ] ])
})

test('with booleans', () => {
  expect(uniq([ [ false ], [ false ], [ true ] ])).toEqual([ [ false ], [ true ] ])
})

test('with falsy values', () => {
  expect(uniq([ undefined, null ])).toEqual([ undefined, null ])
})

test('can distinct between string and number', () => {
  expect(uniq([ 1, '1' ])).toEqual([ 1, '1' ])
})

Typescript test

import {uniq} from 'rambda'

describe('R.uniq', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = uniq([1, 2, 3, 3, 3, 1, 2, 0])
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

---------------

uniqBy

Try this R.uniqBy example in Rambda REPL

---------------

uniqWith


uniqWith<T, U>(predicate: (x: T, y: T) => boolean, list: T[]): T[]

It returns a new array containing only one copy of each element in list according to predicate function.

This predicate should return true, if two elements are equal.

Try this R.uniqWith example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

uniqWith<T, U>(predicate: (x: T, y: T) => boolean, list: T[]): T[];
uniqWith<T, U>(predicate: (x: T, y: T) => boolean): (list: T[]) => T[];

R.uniqWith source

function includesWith(
  predicate, target, list
){
  let willReturn = false
  let index = -1

  while (++index < list.length && !willReturn){
    const value = list[ index ]

    if (predicate(target, value)){
      willReturn = true
    }
  }

  return willReturn
}

export function uniqWith(predicate, list){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _list => uniqWith(predicate, _list)

  let index = -1
  const willReturn = []

  while (++index < list.length){
    const value = list[ index ]

    if (!includesWith(
      predicate, value, willReturn
    )){
      willReturn.push(value)
    }
  }

  return willReturn
}

Tests

import { uniqWith as uniqWithRamda } from 'ramda'

import { uniqWith } from './uniqWith.js'

const list = [ { a : 1 }, { a : 1 } ]

test('happy', () => {
  const fn = (x, y) => x.a === y.a

  const result = uniqWith(fn, list)
  expect(result).toEqual([ { a : 1 } ])
})

test('with list of strings', () => {
  const fn = (x, y) => x.length === y.length
  const list = [ '0', '11', '222', '33', '4', '55' ]
  const result = uniqWith(fn)(list)
  const resultRamda = uniqWithRamda(fn, list)
  expect(result).toEqual([ '0', '11', '222' ])
  expect(resultRamda).toEqual([ '0', '11', '222' ])
})

Typescript test

import {uniqWith} from 'rambda'

describe('R.uniqWith', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const list = [{a: 1}, {a: 1}]

    const fn = (x: any, y: any) => x.a === y.a

    const result = uniqWith(fn, list)
    result // $ExpectType { a: number; }[]
  })
})

---------------

unless


unless<T, U>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, whenFalseFn: (x: T) => U, x: T): T | U

The method returns function that will be called with argument input.

If predicate(input) returns false, then the end result will be the outcome of whenFalse(input).

In the other case, the final output will be the input itself.

Try this R.unless example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

unless<T, U>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, whenFalseFn: (x: T) => U, x: T): T | U;
unless<T, U>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, whenFalseFn: (x: T) => U): (x: T) => T | U;
unless<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, whenFalseFn: (x: T) => T, x: T): T;
unless<T>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, whenFalseFn: (x: T) => T): (x: T) => T;

R.unless source

export function unless(predicate, whenFalse){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _whenFalse => unless(predicate, _whenFalse)
  }

  return input => predicate(input) ? input : whenFalse(input)
}

Tests

import { inc } from './inc.js'
import { isNil } from './isNil.js'
import { unless } from './unless.js'

test('happy', () => {
  const safeInc = unless(isNil, inc)
  expect(safeInc(null)).toBeNull()
  expect(safeInc(1)).toBe(2)
})

test('curried', () => {
  const safeIncCurried = unless(isNil)(inc)
  expect(safeIncCurried(null)).toBeNull()
})

Typescript test

import {unless, inc} from 'rambda'

describe('R.unless', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const fn = unless(x => x > 5, inc)
    const result = fn(1)
    result // $ExpectType number
  })
  it('with one explicit type', () => {
    const result = unless(
      x => {
        x // $ExpectType number
        return x > 5
      },
      x => {
        x // $ExpectType number
        return x + 1
      },
      1
    )
    result // $ExpectType number
  })
  it('with two different explicit types', () => {
    const result = unless(
      x => {
        x // $ExpectType number
        return x > 5
      },
      x => {
        x // $ExpectType number
        return `${x}-foo`
      },
      1
    )
    result // $ExpectType string | number
  })
})

describe('R.unless - curried', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const fn = unless(x => x > 5, inc)
    const result = fn(1)
    result // $ExpectType number
  })
  it('with one explicit type', () => {
    const fn = unless<number>(
      x => {
        x // $ExpectType number
        return x > 5
      },
      x => {
        x // $ExpectType number
        return x + 1
      }
    )
    const result = fn(1)
    result // $ExpectType number
  })
  it('with two different explicit types', () => {
    const fn = unless<number, string>(
      x => {
        x // $ExpectType number
        return x > 5
      },
      x => {
        x // $ExpectType number
        return `${x}-foo`
      }
    )
    const result = fn(1)
    result // $ExpectType string | number
  })
})

---------------

unwind

Try this R.unwind example in Rambda REPL

---------------

update


update<T>(index: number, newValue: T, list: T[]): T[]

It returns a copy of list with updated element at index with newValue.

Try this R.update example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

update<T>(index: number, newValue: T, list: T[]): T[];
update<T>(index: number, newValue: T): (list: T[]) => T[];

R.update source

import { cloneList } from './_internals/cloneList.js'
import { curry } from './curry.js'

export function updateFn(
  index, newValue, list
){
  const clone = cloneList(list)
  if (index === -1) return clone.fill(newValue, index)

  return clone.fill(
    newValue, index, index + 1
  )
}

export const update = curry(updateFn)

Tests

import { update } from './update.js'

const list = [ 1, 2, 3 ]

test('happy', () => {
  const newValue = 8
  const index = 1
  const result = update(
    index, newValue, list
  )
  const curriedResult = update(index, newValue)(list)
  const tripleCurriedResult = update(index)(newValue)(list)

  const expected = [ 1, 8, 3 ]
  expect(result).toEqual(expected)
  expect(curriedResult).toEqual(expected)
  expect(tripleCurriedResult).toEqual(expected)
})

test('list has no such index', () => {
  const newValue = 8
  const index = 10
  const result = update(
    index, newValue, list
  )

  expect(result).toEqual(list)
})

test('with negative index', () => {
  expect(update(
    -1, 10, [ 1 ]
  )).toEqual([ 10 ])
  expect(update(
    -1, 10, []
  )).toEqual([])
  expect(update(
    -1, 10, list
  )).toEqual([ 1, 2, 10 ])
  expect(update(
    -2, 10, list
  )).toEqual([ 1, 10, 3 ])
  expect(update(
    -3, 10, list
  )).toEqual([ 10, 2, 3 ])
})

Typescript test

import {update} from 'rambda'

describe('R.update', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = update(1, 0, [1, 2, 3])
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

---------------

values


values<T extends object, K extends keyof T>(obj: T): T[K][]

With correct input, this is nothing more than Object.values(Record<string, unknown>). If obj is not an object, then it returns an empty array.

Try this R.values example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

values<T extends object, K extends keyof T>(obj: T): T[K][];

R.values source

import { type } from './type.js'

export function values(obj){
  if (type(obj) !== 'Object') return []

  return Object.values(obj)
}

Tests

import { values } from './values.js'

test('happy', () => {
  expect(values({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
    c : 3,
  })).toEqual([ 1, 2, 3 ])
})

test('with bad input', () => {
  expect(values(null)).toEqual([])
  expect(values(undefined)).toEqual([])
  expect(values(55)).toEqual([])
  expect(values('foo')).toEqual([])
  expect(values(true)).toEqual([])
  expect(values(false)).toEqual([])
  expect(values(NaN)).toEqual([])
  expect(values(Infinity)).toEqual([])
  expect(values([])).toEqual([])
})

Typescript test

import {values} from 'rambda'

describe('R.values', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = values({
      a: 1,
      b: 2,
      c: 3,
    })
    result // $ExpectType number[]
  })
})

---------------

view


view<T, U>(lens: Lens): (target: T) => U

It returns the value of lens focus over target object.

Try this R.view example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

view<T, U>(lens: Lens): (target: T) => U;
view<T, U>(lens: Lens, target: T): U;

R.view source

const Const = x => ({
  x,
  map : fn => Const(x),
})

export function view(lens, target){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _target => view(lens, _target)

  return lens(Const)(target).x
}

Tests

import { assoc } from './assoc.js'
import { lens } from './lens.js'
import { prop } from './prop.js'
import { view } from './view.js'

const testObject = { foo : 'Led Zeppelin' }
const assocLens = lens(prop('foo'), assoc('foo'))

test('happy', () => {
  expect(view(assocLens, testObject)).toBe('Led Zeppelin')
})

Typescript test

import {lens, view, assoc} from 'rambda'

interface Input {
  foo: string,
}

const testObject: Input = {
  foo: 'Led Zeppelin',
}

const fooLens = lens<Input, string, string>((x: Input) => {
  return x.foo
}, assoc('foo'))

describe('R.view', () => {
  it('happt', () => {
    const result = view<Input, string>(fooLens, testObject)
    result // $ExpectType string
  })
})

---------------

when


when<T, U>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, whenTrueFn: (a: T) => U, input: T): T | U

All Typescript definitions

when<T, U>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, whenTrueFn: (a: T) => U, input: T): T | U;
when<T, U>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean, whenTrueFn: (a: T) => U): (input: T) => T | U;
when<T, U>(predicate: (x: T) => boolean): ((whenTrueFn: (a: T) => U) => (input: T) => T | U);

R.when source

import { curry } from './curry.js'

function whenFn(
  predicate, whenTrueFn, input
){
  if (!predicate(input)) return input

  return whenTrueFn(input)
}

export const when = curry(whenFn)

Tests

import { add } from './add.js'
import { when } from './when.js'

const predicate = x => typeof x === 'number'

test('happy', () => {
  const fn = when(predicate, add(11))
  expect(fn(11)).toBe(22)
  expect(fn('foo')).toBe('foo')
})

Typescript test

import {when} from 'rambda'

const predicate = (x: number) => x > 2
const whenTrueFn = (x: number) => String(x)

describe('R.when', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = when(predicate, whenTrueFn, 1)
    result // $ExpectType string | 1
  })

  it('curry 1', () => {
    const fn = when(predicate, whenTrueFn)
    const result = fn(1)
    result // $ExpectType string | number
  })

  it('curry 2 require explicit types', () => {
    const fn = when<number, string>(predicate)(whenTrueFn)
    const result = fn(1)
    result // $ExpectType string | number
  })
})

---------------

where


where<T, U>(conditions: T, input: U): boolean

It returns true if all each property in conditions returns true when applied to corresponding property in input object.

Try this R.where example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

where<T, U>(conditions: T, input: U): boolean;
where<T>(conditions: T): <U>(input: U) => boolean;
where<ObjFunc2, U>(conditions: ObjFunc2, input: U): boolean;
where<ObjFunc2>(conditions: ObjFunc2): <U>(input: U) => boolean;

R.where source

export function where(conditions, input){
  if (input === undefined){
    return _input => where(conditions, _input)
  }
  let flag = true
  for (const prop in conditions){
    if (!flag) continue
    const result = conditions[ prop ](input[ prop ])
    if (flag && result === false){
      flag = false
    }
  }

  return flag
}

Tests

import { equals } from './equals.js'
import { where } from './where.js'

test('when true', () => {
  const result = where({
    a : equals('foo'),
    b : equals('bar'),
  },
  {
    a : 'foo',
    b : 'bar',
    x : 11,
    y : 19,
  })

  expect(result).toBeTrue()
})

test('when false | early exit', () => {
  let counter = 0
  const equalsFn = expected => input => {
    console.log(expected, 'expected')
    counter++

    return input === expected
  }
  const predicate = where({
    a : equalsFn('foo'),
    b : equalsFn('baz'),
  })
  expect(predicate({
    a : 'notfoo',
    b : 'notbar',
  })).toBeFalse()
  expect(counter).toBe(1)
})

Typescript test

import {where, equals} from 'rambda'

describe('R.where', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const input = {
      a: 'foo',
      b: 'bar',
      x: 11,
      y: 19,
    }
    const conditions = {
      a: equals('foo'),
      b: equals('bar'),
    }
    const result = where(conditions, input)
    const curriedResult = where(conditions)(input)
    result // $ExpectType boolean
    curriedResult // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

whereAny

Same as R.where, but it will return true if at least one condition check returns true.

Try this R.whereAny example in Rambda REPL

---------------

whereEq


whereEq<T, U>(condition: T, input: U): boolean

It will return true if all of input object fully or partially include rule object.

R.equals is used to determine equality.

Try this R.whereEq example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

whereEq<T, U>(condition: T, input: U): boolean;
whereEq<T>(condition: T): <U>(input: U) => boolean;

R.whereEq source

import { equals } from './equals.js'
import { filter } from './filter.js'

export function whereEq(condition, input){
  if (arguments.length === 1){
    return _input => whereEq(condition, _input)
  }

  const result = filter((conditionValue, conditionProp) =>
    equals(conditionValue, input[ conditionProp ]),
  condition)

  return Object.keys(result).length === Object.keys(condition).length
}

Tests

import { whereEq } from './whereEq.js'

test('when true', () => {
  const condition = { a : 1 }
  const input = {
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  }

  const result = whereEq(condition, input)
  const expectedResult = true

  expect(result).toEqual(expectedResult)
})

test('when false', () => {
  const condition = { a : 1 }
  const input = { b : 2 }

  const result = whereEq(condition, input)
  const expectedResult = false

  expect(result).toEqual(expectedResult)
})

test('with nested object', () => {
  const condition = { a : { b : 1 } }
  const input = {
    a : { b : 1 },
    c : 2,
  }

  const result = whereEq(condition)(input)
  const expectedResult = true

  expect(result).toEqual(expectedResult)
})

test('with wrong input', () => {
  const condition = { a : { b : 1 } }

  expect(() => whereEq(condition, null)).toThrowErrorMatchingInlineSnapshot('"Cannot read properties of null (reading \'a\')"')
})

Typescript test

import {whereEq} from 'rambda'

describe('R.whereEq', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = whereEq({a: {b: 2}}, {b: 2})
    const curriedResult = whereEq({a: {b: 2}})({b: 2})
    result // $ExpectType boolean
    curriedResult // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

without


without<T>(matchAgainst: T[], source: T[]): T[]

It will return a new array, based on all members of source list that are not part of matchAgainst list.

R.equals is used to determine equality.

Try this R.without example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

without<T>(matchAgainst: T[], source: T[]): T[];
without<T>(matchAgainst: T[]): (source: T[]) => T[];

R.without source

import { _indexOf } from './equals.js'
import { reduce } from './reduce.js'

export function without(matchAgainst, source){
  if (source === undefined){
    return _source => without(matchAgainst, _source)
  }

  return reduce(
    (prev, current) =>
      _indexOf(current, matchAgainst) > -1 ? prev : prev.concat(current),
    [],
    source
  )
}

Tests

import { without as withoutRamda } from 'ramda'

import { without } from './without.js'

test('should return a new list without values in the first argument', () => {
  const itemsToOmit = [ 'A', 'B', 'C' ]
  const collection = [ 'A', 'B', 'C', 'D', 'E', 'F' ]

  expect(without(itemsToOmit, collection)).toEqual([ 'D', 'E', 'F' ])
  expect(without(itemsToOmit)(collection)).toEqual([ 'D', 'E', 'F' ])
})

test('with list of objects', () => {
  const itemsToOmit = [ { a : 1 }, { c : 3 } ]
  const collection = [ { a : 1 }, { b : 2 }, { c : 3 }, { d : 4 } ]
  const expected = [ { b : 2 }, { d : 4 } ]

  expect(without(itemsToOmit, collection)).toEqual(expected)
  expect(withoutRamda(itemsToOmit, collection)).toEqual(expected)
})

test('ramda accepts string as target input while rambda throws', () => {
  expect(withoutRamda('0:1', [ '0', '0:1' ])).toEqual([])
  expect(() =>
    without('0:1', [ '0', '0:1' ])).toThrowErrorMatchingInlineSnapshot('"Cannot read property \'indexOf\' of 0:1"')
  expect(without([ '0:1' ], [ '0', '0:1' ])).toEqual([ '0' ])
})

test('ramda test', () => {
  expect(without([ 1, 2 ])([ 1, 2, 1, 3, 4 ])).toEqual([ 3, 4 ])
})

Typescript test

import {without} from 'rambda'

const itemsToOmit = ['A', 'B', 'C']
const collection = ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D', 'E', 'F']

describe('R.without', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = without(itemsToOmit, collection)

    result // $ExpectType string[]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = without(itemsToOmit)(collection)

    result // $ExpectType string[]
  })
})

---------------

xor


xor(x: boolean, y: boolean): boolean

Logical XOR

Try this R.xor example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

xor(x: boolean, y: boolean): boolean;
xor(y: boolean): (y: boolean) => boolean;

R.xor source

export function xor(a, b){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _b => xor(a, _b)

  return Boolean(a) && !b || Boolean(b) && !a
}

Tests

import { xor } from './xor.js'

test('compares two values with exclusive or', () => {
  expect(xor(true, true)).toBeFalse()
  expect(xor(true, false)).toBeTrue()
  expect(xor(false, true)).toBeTrue()
  expect(xor(false, false)).toBeFalse()
})

test('when both values are truthy, it should return false', () => {
  expect(xor(true, 'foo')).toBeFalse()
  expect(xor(42, true)).toBeFalse()
  expect(xor('foo', 42)).toBeFalse()
  expect(xor({}, true)).toBeFalse()
  expect(xor(true, [])).toBeFalse()
  expect(xor([], {})).toBeFalse()
  expect(xor(new Date(), true)).toBeFalse()
  expect(xor(true, Infinity)).toBeFalse()
  expect(xor(Infinity, new Date())).toBeFalse()
})

test('when both values are falsy, it should return false', () => {
  expect(xor(null, false)).toBeFalse()
  expect(xor(false, undefined)).toBeFalse()
  expect(xor(undefined, null)).toBeFalse()
  expect(xor(0, false)).toBeFalse()
  expect(xor(false, NaN)).toBeFalse()
  expect(xor(NaN, 0)).toBeFalse()
  expect(xor('', false)).toBeFalse()
})

test('when one argument is truthy and the other is falsy, it should return true', () => {
  expect(xor('foo', null)).toBeTrue()
  expect(xor(null, 'foo')).toBeTrue()
  expect(xor(undefined, 42)).toBeTrue()
  expect(xor(42, undefined)).toBeTrue()
  expect(xor(Infinity, NaN)).toBeTrue()
  expect(xor(NaN, Infinity)).toBeTrue()
  expect(xor({}, '')).toBeTrue()
  expect(xor('', {})).toBeTrue()
  expect(xor(new Date(), 0)).toBeTrue()
  expect(xor(0, new Date())).toBeTrue()
  expect(xor([], null)).toBeTrue()
  expect(xor(undefined, [])).toBeTrue()
})

Typescript test

import {xor} from 'rambda'

describe('R.xor', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    xor(true, false) // $ExpectType boolean
  })
  it('curry', () => {
    xor(true)(false) // $ExpectType boolean
  })
})

---------------

zip


zip<K, V>(x: K[], y: V[]): KeyValuePair<K, V>[]

It will return a new array containing tuples of equally positions items from both x and y lists.

The returned list will be truncated to match the length of the shortest supplied list.

Try this R.zip example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

zip<K, V>(x: K[], y: V[]): KeyValuePair<K, V>[];
zip<K>(x: K[]): <V>(y: V[]) => KeyValuePair<K, V>[];

R.zip source

export function zip(left, right){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return _right => zip(left, _right)

  const result = []
  const length = Math.min(left.length, right.length)

  for (let i = 0; i < length; i++){
    result[ i ] = [ left[ i ], right[ i ] ]
  }

  return result
}

Tests

import { zip } from './zip.js'

const array1 = [ 1, 2, 3 ]
const array2 = [ 'A', 'B', 'C' ]

test('should return an array', () => {
  const actual = zip(array1)(array2)
  expect(actual).toBeInstanceOf(Array)
})

test('should return and array or tuples', () => {
  const expected = [
    [ 1, 'A' ],
    [ 2, 'B' ],
    [ 3, 'C' ],
  ]
  const actual = zip(array1, array2)
  expect(actual).toEqual(expected)
})

test('should truncate result to length of shorted input list', () => {
  const expectedA = [
    [ 1, 'A' ],
    [ 2, 'B' ],
  ]
  const actualA = zip([ 1, 2 ], array2)
  expect(actualA).toEqual(expectedA)

  const expectedB = [
    [ 1, 'A' ],
    [ 2, 'B' ],
  ]
  const actualB = zip(array1, [ 'A', 'B' ])
  expect(actualB).toEqual(expectedB)
})

Typescript test

import {zip} from 'rambda'

describe('R.zip', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const array1 = [1, 2, 3]
    const array2 = ['A', 'B', 'C']

    const result = zip(array1)(array2)
    result // $ExpectType KeyValuePair<number, string>[]
  })
})

---------------

zipObj


zipObj<T, K extends string>(keys: K[], values: T[]): { [P in K]: T }

It will return a new object with keys of keys array and values of values array.

Try this R.zipObj example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

zipObj<T, K extends string>(keys: K[], values: T[]): { [P in K]: T };
zipObj<K extends string>(keys: K[]): <T>(values: T[]) => { [P in K]: T };
zipObj<T, K extends number>(keys: K[], values: T[]): { [P in K]: T };
zipObj<K extends number>(keys: K[]): <T>(values: T[]) => { [P in K]: T };

R.zipObj source

import { take } from './take.js'

export function zipObj(keys, values){
  if (arguments.length === 1) return yHolder => zipObj(keys, yHolder)

  return take(values.length, keys).reduce((
    prev, xInstance, i
  ) => {
    prev[ xInstance ] = values[ i ]

    return prev
  }, {})
}

Tests

import { equals } from './equals.js'
import { zipObj } from './zipObj.js'

test('zipObj', () => {
  expect(zipObj([ 'a', 'b', 'c' ], [ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
    c : 3,
  })
})

test('0', () => {
  expect(zipObj([ 'a', 'b' ])([ 1, 2, 3 ])).toEqual({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  })
})

test('1', () => {
  expect(zipObj([ 'a', 'b', 'c' ])([ 1, 2 ])).toEqual({
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
  })
})

test('ignore extra keys', () => {
  const result = zipObj([ 'a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e', 'f' ], [ 1, 2, 3 ])
  const expected = {
    a : 1,
    b : 2,
    c : 3,
  }

  expect(equals(result, expected)).toBeTrue()
})

Typescript test

import {zipObj} from 'rambda'

describe('R.zipObj', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    // this is wrong since 24.10.2020 `@types/ramda` changes
    const result = zipObj(['a', 'b', 'c', 'd'], [1, 2, 3])
    result // $ExpectType { b: number; a: number; c: number; d: number; }
  })
  it('imported from @types/ramda', () => {
    const result = zipObj(['a', 'b', 'c'], [1, 2, 3])
    const curriedResult = zipObj(['a', 'b', 'c'])([1, 2, 3])
    result // $ExpectType { b: number; a: number; c: number; }
    curriedResult // $ExpectType { b: number; a: number; c: number; }
  })
})

---------------

zipWith


zipWith<T, U, TResult>(fn: (x: T, y: U) => TResult, list1: T[], list2: U[]): TResult[]

Try this R.zipWith example in Rambda REPL

All Typescript definitions

zipWith<T, U, TResult>(fn: (x: T, y: U) => TResult, list1: T[], list2: U[]): TResult[];
zipWith<T, U, TResult>(fn: (x: T, y: U) => TResult, list1: T[]): (list2: U[]) => TResult[];
zipWith<T, U, TResult>(fn: (x: T, y: U) => TResult): (list1: T[], list2: U[]) => TResult[];

R.zipWith source

import { curry } from './curry.js'
import { take } from './take.js'

function zipWithFn(
  fn, x, y
){
  return take(x.length > y.length ? y.length : x.length, x).map((xInstance, i) => fn(xInstance, y[ i ]))
}

export const zipWith = curry(zipWithFn)

Tests

import { add } from './add.js'
import { zipWith } from './zipWith.js'

const list1 = [ 1, 2, 3 ]
const list2 = [ 10, 20, 30, 40 ]
const list3 = [ 100, 200 ]

test('when second list is shorter', () => {
  const result = zipWith(
    add, list1, list3
  )
  expect(result).toEqual([ 101, 202 ])
})

test('when second list is longer', () => {
  const result = zipWith(
    add, list1, list2
  )
  expect(result).toEqual([ 11, 22, 33 ])
})

Typescript test

import {zipWith} from 'rambda'

const list1 = [1, 2]
const list2 = [10, 20, 30]

describe('R.zipWith', () => {
  it('happy', () => {
    const result = zipWith(
      (x, y) => {
        x // $ExpectType number
        y // $ExpectType number
        return `${x}-${y}`
      },
      list1,
      list2
    )

    result // $ExpectType string[]
  })
  it('curried', () => {
    const result = zipWith((x, y) => {
      x // $ExpectType unknown
      y // $ExpectType unknown
      return `${x}-${y}`
    })(list1, list2)

    result // $ExpectType string[]
  })
})

---------------

โฏ CHANGELOG

7.4.0

  • Synchronize with @types/ramda - R.prop, R.path, R.pickAll

  • Remove esm Rollup output due to tree-shaking issues.

  • Upgrade all dev dependencies.

7.3.0

  • Important - changing import declaration in package.json in order to fix tree-shaking issue - Issue #647

  • Add R.modify

  • Allow multiple inputs in Typescript versions of R.anyPass and R.allPass - Issue #642

  • Using wrong clone of object in R.mergeDeepRight - Issue #650

  • Missing early return in R.where - Issue #648

  • R.allPass doesn't accept more than 1 parameters for function predicates- Issue #604

7.2.1

7.2.0

  • Wrong R.update if index is -1 - PR #593

  • Wrong curried typings in R.anyPass - Issue #642

  • R.modifyPath not exported - Issue #640

  • Add new method R.uniqBy. Implementation is coming from Ramda MR#2641

  • Apply the following changes from @types/rambda:

-- [https://github.com/DefinitelyTyped/DefinitelyTyped/commit/bab47272d52fc7bb81e85da36dbe9c905a04d067](add AnyFunction and AnyConstructor)

-- Improve R.ifElse typings - https://github.com/DefinitelyTyped/DefinitelyTyped/pull/59291

-- Make R.propEq safe for null/undefined arguments - https://github.com/ramda/ramda/pull/2594/files

7.1.4

  • R.mergeRight not found on Deno import - Issue #633

7.1.0

  • Add R.mergeRight - introduced by Ramda's latest release. While Ramda renames R.merge, Rambda will keep R.merge.

  • Rambda's pipe/compose doesn't return proper length of composed function which leads to issue with R.applySpec. It was fixed by using Ramda's pipe/compose logic - Issue #627

  • Replace Async with Promise as return type of R.type.

  • Add new types as Typescript output for R.type - "Map", "WeakMap", "Generator", "GeneratorFunction", "BigInt", "ArrayBuffer"

  • Add R.juxt method

  • Add R.propSatisfies method

  • Add new methods after Ramda version upgrade to 0.28.0:

-- R.count -- R.modifyPath -- R.on -- R.whereAny -- R.partialObject

7.0.3

Rambda.none has wrong logic introduced in version 7.0.0 - Issue #625

7.0.2

Rambda doesn't work with pnpm due to wrong export configuration - Issue #619

7.0.1

  • Wrong ESM export configuration in package.json - Issue #614

7.0.0

  • Breaking change - sync R.compose/R.pipe with @types/ramda. That is significant change so as safeguard, it will lead a major bump. Important - this lead to raising required Typescript version to 4.2.2. In other words, to use Rambda you'll need Typescript version 4.2.2 or newer.

Related commit in @types/ramda - https://github.com/DefinitelyTyped/DefinitelyTyped/commit/286eff4f76d41eb8f091e7437eabd8a60d97fc1f#diff-4f74803fa83a81e47cb17a7d8a4e46a7e451f4d9e5ce2f1bd7a70a72d91f4bc1

There are several other changes in @types/ramda as stated in this comment. This leads to change of typings for the following methods in Rambda:

-- R.unless

-- R.toString

-- R.ifElse

-- R.always

-- R.complement

-- R.cond

-- R.is

-- R.sortBy

-- R.dissoc

-- R.toPairs

-- R.assoc

-- R.toLower

-- R.toUpper

  • One more reason for the breaking change is changing of export declarations in package.json based on this blog post and this merged Ramda's PR. This also led to renaming of babel.config.js to babel.config.cjs.

  • Add R.apply, R.bind and R.unapply

  • R.startsWith/R.endsWith now support lists as inputs. This way, it matches current Ramda behavior.

  • Remove unused typing for R.chain.

  • R.map/R.filter no longer accept bad inputs as iterable. This way, Rambda behaves more like Ramda, which also throws.

  • Make R.lastIndexOf follow the logic of R.indexOf.

  • Change R.type logic to Ramda logic. This way, R.type can return Error and Set as results.

  • Add missing logic in R.equals to compare sets - Issue #599

  • Improve list cloning - Issue #595

  • Handle multiple inputs with R.allPass and R.anyPass - Issue #604

  • Fix R.length wrong logic with inputs as {length: 123} - Issue #606.

  • Improve non-curry typings of R.merge by using types from mobily/ts-belt.

  • Improve performance of R.uniqWith.

  • Wrong R.update if index is -1 - PR #593

  • Make R.eqProps safe for falsy inputs - based on this opened Ramda PR.

  • Incorrect benchmarks for R.pipe/R.compose - Issue #608

  • Fix R.last/R.head typings - Issue #609

6.9.0

Fixing R.uniq was done by improving R.indexOf which has performance implication to all methods importing R.indexOf:

  • R.includes
  • R.intersection
  • R.difference
  • R.excludes
  • R.symmetricDifference
  • R.union

  • R.without no longer support the following case - without('0:1', ['0', '0:1']) // => ['0']. Now it throws as the first argument should be a list, not a string. Ramda, on the other hand, returns an empty list - https://github.com/ramda/ramda/issues/3086.

6.8.3

  • Fix Typescript build process with rambda/immutable - Issue #572

  • Add R.objOf method

  • Add R.mapObjIndexed method

  • Publish shorter README.md version to NPM

6.8.0

  • R.has use Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty- Issue #572

  • Expose immutable.ts typings which are Rambda typings with readonly statements - Issue #565

  • Fix R.intersection wrong order compared to Ramda.

  • R.path wrong return of null instead of undefined when path value is null - PR #577

6.7.0

  • Remove ts-toolbelt types from Typescript definitions. Most affected are the following methods, which lose one of its curried definitions:
  1. R.maxBy
  2. R.minBy
  3. R.pathEq
  4. R.viewOr
  5. R.when
  6. R.merge
  7. R.mergeDeepRight
  8. R.mergeLeft

6.6.0

  • Change R.piped typings to mimic that of R.pipe. Main difference is that R.pipe is focused on unary functions.

  • Fix wrong logic when R.without use R.includes while it should use array version of R.includes.

  • Use uglify plugin for UMD bundle.

  • Remove dist folder from .gitignore in order to fix Deno broken package. Issue #570

  • Improve R.fromPairs typings - Issue #567

6.5.3

  • Wrong logic where R.without use R.includes while it should use the array version of R.includes

This is Ramda bug, that Rambda also has before this release - https://github.com/ramda/ramda/issues/3086

6.5.2

  • Wrong R.defaultTo typings - changes introduced in v6.5.0 are missing their TS equivalent.

  • Update dependencies

6.5.1

Fix wrong versions in changelog

6.5.0

  • R.defaultTo no longer accepts infinite inputs, thus it follows Ramda implementation.

  • R.equals supports equality of functions.

  • R.pipe doesn't use R.compose.

  • Close Issue #561 - export several internal TS interfaces and types

  • Close Issue #559 - improve R.propOr typings

  • Add CHANGELOG.md file in release files list

This is only part of the changelog. You can read the full text in [CHANGELOG.md](CHANGELOG.md) file.

[---------------](#-changelog)

โฏ Additional info

Most influential contributors

  • @farwayer - improving performance in R.find, R.filter; give the idea how to make benchmarks more reliable;

  • @thejohnfreeman - add R.assoc, R.chain;

  • @helmuthdu - add R.clone; help improve code style;

  • @jpgorman - add R.zip, R.reject, R.without, R.addIndex;

  • @ku8ar - add R.slice, R.propOr, R.identical, R.propIs and several math related methods; introduce the idea to display missing Ramda methods;

  • @romgrk - add R.groupBy, R.indexBy, R.findLast, R.findLastIndex;

  • @squidfunk - add R.assocPath, R.symmetricDifference, R.difference, R.intersperse;

  • @synthet1c - add all lenses methods; add R.applySpec, R.converge;

  • @vlad-zhukov - help with configuring Rollup, Babel; change export file to use ES module exports;

Rambda references

Links to Rambda

Deprecated from Used by section

Releases

Rambda's releases before 6.4.0 were used mostly for testing purposes.

[---------------](#-additional-info)

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